Prime Rigid Graphs and Multidimensional Scaling with Missing Data

Oskarsson, Magnus; Åström, Karl; Torstensson, Anna (2014). Prime Rigid Graphs and Multidimensional Scaling with Missing Data , 750 - 755. 22nd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2014). Stockholm, Sweden: IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Conference Proceeding/Paper | Published | English
Oskarsson, Magnus ; Åström, Karl ; Torstensson, Anna
Mathematics (Faculty of Engineering)
ELLIIT: the Linköping-Lund initiative on IT and mobile communication
Research Group:
In this paper we investigate the problem of embedding a number of points given certain (but typically not all) inter-pair distance measurements. This problem is relevant for multi-dimensional scaling problems with missing data, and is applicable within anchor-free sensor network node calibration and anchor-free node localization using radio or sound TOA measurements. There are also applications within chemistry for deducing molecular 3D structure given inter-atom distance measurements and within machine learning and visualization of data, where only similarity measures between sample points are provided. The problem has been studied previously within the field of rigid graph theory. Our aim is here to construct numerically stable and efficient solvers for finding all embeddings of such minimal rigid graphs. The method is based on the observation that all graphs are either irreducibly rigid, here called prime rigid graphs, or contain smaller rigid graphs. By solving the embedding problem for the prime rigid graphs and for ways of assembling such graphs to other minimal rigid graphs, we show how to (i) calculate the number of embeddings and (ii) construct numerically stable and efficient algorithms for obtaining all embeddings given inter-node measurements. The solvers are verified with experiments on simulated data.
Mathematics ; Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
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