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Probability of combined high sea levels and large rains in Malmö, Sweden, southern Öresund

Bengtsson, Lars LU (2016) In Hydrological Processes 30(18). p.3172-3183
Abstract

Observations of sea level and precipitation in Malmö, Sweden in the southeastern part of the sound Öresund have been used to estimate the probabilities of local compound events of high sea level and large daily and hourly rains. There are observations of sea level and daily rains extending back to 1930. The observations of short-term rainfall are from 1980 and onwards. Most large rainfalls come in the summer, while the highest sea levels are in the autumn and in the winter. The highest observed sea level is about 130cm above mean sea level, and the largest daily rain is close to 100mm. However, the highest sea level observed during a day with rainfall corresponding to the 1-year rain is less than 60cm. The highest sea level observed... (More)

Observations of sea level and precipitation in Malmö, Sweden in the southeastern part of the sound Öresund have been used to estimate the probabilities of local compound events of high sea level and large daily and hourly rains. There are observations of sea level and daily rains extending back to 1930. The observations of short-term rainfall are from 1980 and onwards. Most large rainfalls come in the summer, while the highest sea levels are in the autumn and in the winter. The highest observed sea level is about 130cm above mean sea level, and the largest daily rain is close to 100mm. However, the highest sea level observed during a day with rainfall corresponding to the 1-year rain is less than 60cm. The highest sea level observed during an hour with 1-year hourly rainfall is 30cm. From the statistics of daily rains, hourly rains and sea level, extreme values for each of them have been computed. For events with frequency higher than one per four years the probabilities of combined events sea level - rainfall are determined directly from the observations. For more rare events, marginal distributions of sea level and rainfall are determined. Copulas and conditional probabilities are used. When the sea level exceeds 20cm above mean sea level, daily rains exceeding 10mm are almost independent of the sea level and so are hourly rains exceeding 5mm. It is extremely rare that large rains occur when the sea level is very high. The combination of 1-year rainfall and the 1-year sea level has a return period of more than 200years.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Conditional probability, Extreme events, Frank's copula, Seasonal distribution, Urban environment
in
Hydrological Processes
volume
30
issue
18
pages
12 pages
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84966495616
ISSN
0885-6087
DOI
10.1002/hyp.10815
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0dd5b61e-3ce9-4975-a925-deb45f98b936
date added to LUP
2016-07-08 11:51:31
date last changed
2016-10-10 09:30:37
@misc{0dd5b61e-3ce9-4975-a925-deb45f98b936,
  abstract     = {<p>Observations of sea level and precipitation in Malmö, Sweden in the southeastern part of the sound Öresund have been used to estimate the probabilities of local compound events of high sea level and large daily and hourly rains. There are observations of sea level and daily rains extending back to 1930. The observations of short-term rainfall are from 1980 and onwards. Most large rainfalls come in the summer, while the highest sea levels are in the autumn and in the winter. The highest observed sea level is about 130cm above mean sea level, and the largest daily rain is close to 100mm. However, the highest sea level observed during a day with rainfall corresponding to the 1-year rain is less than 60cm. The highest sea level observed during an hour with 1-year hourly rainfall is 30cm. From the statistics of daily rains, hourly rains and sea level, extreme values for each of them have been computed. For events with frequency higher than one per four years the probabilities of combined events sea level - rainfall are determined directly from the observations. For more rare events, marginal distributions of sea level and rainfall are determined. Copulas and conditional probabilities are used. When the sea level exceeds 20cm above mean sea level, daily rains exceeding 10mm are almost independent of the sea level and so are hourly rains exceeding 5mm. It is extremely rare that large rains occur when the sea level is very high. The combination of 1-year rainfall and the 1-year sea level has a return period of more than 200years.</p>},
  author       = {Bengtsson, Lars},
  issn         = {0885-6087},
  keyword      = {Conditional probability,Extreme events,Frank's copula,Seasonal distribution,Urban environment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {18},
  pages        = {3172--3183},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xac54610)},
  series       = {Hydrological Processes},
  title        = {Probability of combined high sea levels and large rains in Malmö, Sweden, southern Öresund},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10815},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2016},
}