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Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality

Soliveres, Santiago; Manning, Peter; Prati, Daniel; Gossner, Martin M.; Alt, Fabian; Arndt, Hartmut; Baumgartner, Vanessa; Binkenstein, Julia; Birkhofer, Klaus LU and Blaser, Stefan, et al. (2016) In Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences 371(1694).
Abstract

Species diversity promotes the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality). However, the relative functional importance of rare and common species in driving the biodiversity-multifunctionality relationship remains unknown. We studied the relationship between the diversity of rare and common species (according to their local abundances and across nine different trophic groups), and multifunctionality indices derived from 14 ecosystem functions on 150 grasslands across a land-use intensity (LUI) gradient. The diversity of above-and below-ground rare species had opposite effects, with rare above-ground species being associated with high levels of multifunctionality, probably because their effects on different functions... (More)

Species diversity promotes the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality). However, the relative functional importance of rare and common species in driving the biodiversity-multifunctionality relationship remains unknown. We studied the relationship between the diversity of rare and common species (according to their local abundances and across nine different trophic groups), and multifunctionality indices derived from 14 ecosystem functions on 150 grasslands across a land-use intensity (LUI) gradient. The diversity of above-and below-ground rare species had opposite effects, with rare above-ground species being associated with high levels of multifunctionality, probably because their effects on different functions did not trade off against each other. Conversely, common species were only related to average, not high, levels of multifunctionality, and their functional effects declined with LUI. Apart from the community-level effects of diversity, we found significant positive associations between the abundance of individual species and multifunctionality in 6% of the species tested. Species-specific functional effects were best predicted by their response to LUI: species that declined in abundance with land use intensification were those associated with higher levels of multifunctionality. Our results highlight the importance of rare species for ecosystem multifunctionality and help guiding future conservation priorities.

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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biodiversity, Common species, Ecosystem function, Identity hypothesis, Land use, Multitrophic
in
Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences
volume
371
issue
1694
publisher
Royal Society
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84964474662
ISSN
0962-8436
DOI
10.1098/rstb.2015.0269
language
English
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yes
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11103ebf-2a86-4330-b363-8ad99b7d2128
date added to LUP
2016-09-28 07:56:32
date last changed
2016-11-03 10:04:41
@misc{11103ebf-2a86-4330-b363-8ad99b7d2128,
  abstract     = {<p>Species diversity promotes the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality). However, the relative functional importance of rare and common species in driving the biodiversity-multifunctionality relationship remains unknown. We studied the relationship between the diversity of rare and common species (according to their local abundances and across nine different trophic groups), and multifunctionality indices derived from 14 ecosystem functions on 150 grasslands across a land-use intensity (LUI) gradient. The diversity of above-and below-ground rare species had opposite effects, with rare above-ground species being associated with high levels of multifunctionality, probably because their effects on different functions did not trade off against each other. Conversely, common species were only related to average, not high, levels of multifunctionality, and their functional effects declined with LUI. Apart from the community-level effects of diversity, we found significant positive associations between the abundance of individual species and multifunctionality in 6% of the species tested. Species-specific functional effects were best predicted by their response to LUI: species that declined in abundance with land use intensification were those associated with higher levels of multifunctionality. Our results highlight the importance of rare species for ecosystem multifunctionality and help guiding future conservation priorities.</p>},
  author       = {Soliveres, Santiago and Manning, Peter and Prati, Daniel and Gossner, Martin M. and Alt, Fabian and Arndt, Hartmut and Baumgartner, Vanessa and Binkenstein, Julia and Birkhofer, Klaus and Blaser, Stefan and Blüthgen, Nico and Boch, Steffen and Böhm, Stefan and Börschig, Carmen and Buscot, Francois and Diekötter, Tim and Heinze, Johannes and Hölzel, Norbert and Jung, Kirsten and Klaus, Valentin H. and Klein, Alexandra Maria and Kleinebecker, Till and Klemmer, Sandra and Krauss, Jochen and Lange, Markus and Morris, E. Kathryn and Müller, Jörg and Oelmann, Yvonne and Overmann, Jörg and Pašalić, Esther and Renner, Swen C. and Rillig, Matthias C. and Schaefer, H. Martin and Schloter, Michael and Schmitt, Barbara and Schöning, Ingo and Schrumpf, Marion and Sikorski, Johannes and Socher, Stephanie A. and Solly, Emily F. and Sonnemann, Ilja and Sorkau, Elisabeth and Steckel, Juliane and Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf and Stempfhuber, Barbara and Tschapka, Marco and Türke, Manfred and Venter, Paul and Weiner, Christiane N. and Weisser, Wolfgang W. and Werner, Michael and Westphal, Catrin and Wilcke, Wolfgang and Wolters, Volkmar and Wubet, Tesfaye and Wurst, Susanne and Fischer, Markus and Allan, Eric},
  issn         = {0962-8436},
  keyword      = {Biodiversity,Common species,Ecosystem function,Identity hypothesis,Land use,Multitrophic},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  number       = {1694},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xa0a03e8)},
  series       = {Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences},
  title        = {Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0269},
  volume       = {371},
  year         = {2016},
}