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Association between LTA, TNF and AGER polymorphisms and late diabetic complications.

Lindholm, Eero LU ; Bakhtadze, Ekaterine LU ; Cilio, Corrado LU ; Agardh, Elisabet LU ; Groop, Leif LU and Agardh, Carl-David LU (2008) In PLoS One 3(6).
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Several candidate genes on the short arm of chromosome 6 including the HLA locus, TNF, LTA and AGER could be associated with late diabetic complications. The aim of our study was therefore to explore whether polymorphisms (TNF -308 G-->A, LTA T60N C-->A and AGER -374 T-->A) in these genes alone or together (as haplotypes) increased the risk for diabetic complications. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The studied polymorphisms were genotyped in 742 type 1 and 2957 type 2 diabetic patients as well as in 206 non-diabetic control subjects. The Haploview program was used to analyze putative linkage disequilibrium between studied polymorphisms. The TNF, LTA and AGER polymorphisms were associated with the HLA-DQB1 risk... (More)
BACKGROUND: Several candidate genes on the short arm of chromosome 6 including the HLA locus, TNF, LTA and AGER could be associated with late diabetic complications. The aim of our study was therefore to explore whether polymorphisms (TNF -308 G-->A, LTA T60N C-->A and AGER -374 T-->A) in these genes alone or together (as haplotypes) increased the risk for diabetic complications. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The studied polymorphisms were genotyped in 742 type 1 and 2957 type 2 diabetic patients as well as in 206 non-diabetic control subjects. The Haploview program was used to analyze putative linkage disequilibrium between studied polymorphisms. The TNF, LTA and AGER polymorphisms were associated with the HLA-DQB1 risk genotypes. The AGER -374 A allele was more common in type 1 diabetic patients with than without diabetic nephropathy (31.2 vs. 28.4%, p = 0.007). In a logistic regression analysis, the LTA but not the AGER polymorphism was associated with diabetic nephropathy (OR 2.55[1.11-5.86], p = 0.03). The AGER -374 A allele was associated with increased risk of sight threatening retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients (1.65[1.11-2.45], p = 0.01) and also with increased risk for macrovascular disease in type 1 diabetic patients (OR 2.05[1.19-3.54], p = 0.01), but with decreased risk for macrovascular disease in type 2 diabetic patients (OR 0.66[0.49-0.90], p = 0.009). The TNF A allele was associated with increased risk for macrovascular complications in type 2 (OR 1.53 [1.04-2.25], p = 0.03, but not in type 1 diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The association between diabetic complications and LTA, TNF and AGER polymorphisms is complex, with partly different alleles conferring susceptibility in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. We can not exclude the possibility that the genes are part of a large haplotype block that also includes HLA-DQB1 risk genotypes. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
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published
subject
in
PLoS One
volume
3
issue
6
publisher
Public Library of Science
external identifiers
  • WOS:000263288000049
  • PMID:18575614
  • Scopus:49649128152
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0002546
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7fa7d411-2eee-45d8-818f-29c1e6cb639d (old id 1168484)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18575614?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2008-07-02 13:14:55
date last changed
2016-10-30 04:36:09
@misc{7fa7d411-2eee-45d8-818f-29c1e6cb639d,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Several candidate genes on the short arm of chromosome 6 including the HLA locus, TNF, LTA and AGER could be associated with late diabetic complications. The aim of our study was therefore to explore whether polymorphisms (TNF -308 G-->A, LTA T60N C-->A and AGER -374 T-->A) in these genes alone or together (as haplotypes) increased the risk for diabetic complications. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The studied polymorphisms were genotyped in 742 type 1 and 2957 type 2 diabetic patients as well as in 206 non-diabetic control subjects. The Haploview program was used to analyze putative linkage disequilibrium between studied polymorphisms. The TNF, LTA and AGER polymorphisms were associated with the HLA-DQB1 risk genotypes. The AGER -374 A allele was more common in type 1 diabetic patients with than without diabetic nephropathy (31.2 vs. 28.4%, p = 0.007). In a logistic regression analysis, the LTA but not the AGER polymorphism was associated with diabetic nephropathy (OR 2.55[1.11-5.86], p = 0.03). The AGER -374 A allele was associated with increased risk of sight threatening retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients (1.65[1.11-2.45], p = 0.01) and also with increased risk for macrovascular disease in type 1 diabetic patients (OR 2.05[1.19-3.54], p = 0.01), but with decreased risk for macrovascular disease in type 2 diabetic patients (OR 0.66[0.49-0.90], p = 0.009). The TNF A allele was associated with increased risk for macrovascular complications in type 2 (OR 1.53 [1.04-2.25], p = 0.03, but not in type 1 diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The association between diabetic complications and LTA, TNF and AGER polymorphisms is complex, with partly different alleles conferring susceptibility in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. We can not exclude the possibility that the genes are part of a large haplotype block that also includes HLA-DQB1 risk genotypes.},
  author       = {Lindholm, Eero and Bakhtadze, Ekaterine and Cilio, Corrado and Agardh, Elisabet and Groop, Leif and Agardh, Carl-David},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xc015238)},
  series       = {PLoS One},
  title        = {Association between LTA, TNF and AGER polymorphisms and late diabetic complications.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002546},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2008},
}