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Open Access in Swedish Private Sector R&D

Stjernberg, Helena LU ; Carlsson, Håkan LU ; Herbertsson, Lars-Håkan; Kristiansson, Ros-Mari and Sulg, Per (2008)
Abstract (Swedish)
Open Access definieras som fri, omedelbar, permanent tillgång till vetenskapligt material i fulltext. Redan idag använder sig universiteten av Open Access, och en stor andel forskare anger att de har kännedom om OA. Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB) har gjort uppskattningen att nära 75% av alla pengar som investeras i svensk forskning kommer från privata företag. Trots detta verkar inte Open Access-diskussionen ha nått fram till den privata sektorn på samma sätt som den gjort på universiteten.



Projektet hade som mål att studera utvecklingen av Open Access-aktiviteter i den privata sektorn. Metoden var att besöka ett antal svenska företag och presentera OA-konceptet. Efter presentationerna skickades webbaserade enkäter ut... (More)
Open Access definieras som fri, omedelbar, permanent tillgång till vetenskapligt material i fulltext. Redan idag använder sig universiteten av Open Access, och en stor andel forskare anger att de har kännedom om OA. Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB) har gjort uppskattningen att nära 75% av alla pengar som investeras i svensk forskning kommer från privata företag. Trots detta verkar inte Open Access-diskussionen ha nått fram till den privata sektorn på samma sätt som den gjort på universiteten.



Projektet hade som mål att studera utvecklingen av Open Access-aktiviteter i den privata sektorn. Metoden var att besöka ett antal svenska företag och presentera OA-konceptet. Efter presentationerna skickades webbaserade enkäter ut för att undersöka tidigare kännedom om OA, strategier för publicering och läsfrekvens, samt attityder i frågan.



Kännedomen om Open Access är lägre i de privata företagen än på universiteten och verkar öka vid högre utbildningsexamen och vid högre publiceringsfrekvens. Publiceringsfrekvens och i mindre utsträckning läsfrekvens av vetenskapliga artiklar är lägre på de privata företagen, vilket skulle kunna leda till en sned betalningsfördelning i en Open Access-ekonomi som baseras på ”author pays”-modellen. Vi föreslår att man slår vakt om informationstillgången i diskussionen om hur företagen kan bidra ekonomiskt, så att fördelarna med tillgång till vetenskapliga resultat inte begränsas på företag, vilket redan idag sker i vissa Open Access-tidskrifter. Forskarnas tillgång till information bör vara densamma oavsett om de arbetar på företag eller universitet. (Less)
Abstract
Open Access (OA) is defined as the free, online, immediate, permanent access to scientific and scholarly material in full-text. Open Access practices have reached the universities and now nearly all university researchers report knowledge of OA. Statistics Sweden (SCB) has estimated that 75% of all money invested in research activities in Sweden is done by private companies. In spite of this, the private sector has been relatively absent from the Open Access discussion and development, in contrast to the universities.



The goal of this project was to study the advance of OA practices in the private sector. The method was to visit a number of Swedish companies and present the OA concept. After the presentations web-based... (More)
Open Access (OA) is defined as the free, online, immediate, permanent access to scientific and scholarly material in full-text. Open Access practices have reached the universities and now nearly all university researchers report knowledge of OA. Statistics Sweden (SCB) has estimated that 75% of all money invested in research activities in Sweden is done by private companies. In spite of this, the private sector has been relatively absent from the Open Access discussion and development, in contrast to the universities.



The goal of this project was to study the advance of OA practices in the private sector. The method was to visit a number of Swedish companies and present the OA concept. After the presentations web-based surveys were distributed to measure previous knowledge of OA, publishing and readership practices, and views of the matter.



Knowledge and awareness of Open Access is less within companies than at universities, although it seems to increase with publishing practices and higher educational degree. The publishing practices, and to lesser extent the reading practices, of scientific articles is less within companies, which could lead to a skewed funding situation for a future Open Access-economy based on an “author-pays” model. In discussions regarding how companies might pay for Open Access we therefore suggest that the flow of information needs to be guarded so that the benefit of access to scientific data does not become limited for companies and industry in a new way, as is already seen by some Open Access journals. The researchers’ access to information should be the same irrespective of whether they work at a company or at the university. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Book/Report
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
repositories, information specialists, copyright, author pays, knowledge, reading, publishing, research money, private sector, industries, companies, enterprises, research & development, universities, open archives, open access
categories
Popular Science
pages
18 pages
publisher
Kungliga biblioteket
project
Open Access and information provision to private businesses
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
902923f4-26c9-4a09-b860-ce0f23dd370f (old id 1272050)
date added to LUP
2008-12-03 11:37:06
date last changed
2016-04-16 10:16:58
@misc{902923f4-26c9-4a09-b860-ce0f23dd370f,
  abstract     = {Open Access (OA) is defined as the free, online, immediate, permanent access to scientific and scholarly material in full-text. Open Access practices have reached the universities and now nearly all university researchers report knowledge of OA. Statistics Sweden (SCB) has estimated that 75% of all money invested in research activities in Sweden is done by private companies. In spite of this, the private sector has been relatively absent from the Open Access discussion and development, in contrast to the universities. <br/><br>
<br/><br>
The goal of this project was to study the advance of OA practices in the private sector. The method was to visit a number of Swedish companies and present the OA concept. After the presentations web-based surveys were distributed to measure previous knowledge of OA, publishing and readership practices, and views of the matter.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Knowledge and awareness of Open Access is less within companies than at universities, although it seems to increase with publishing practices and higher educational degree. The publishing practices, and to lesser extent the reading practices, of scientific articles is less within companies, which could lead to a skewed funding situation for a future Open Access-economy based on an “author-pays” model. In discussions regarding how companies might pay for Open Access we therefore suggest that the flow of information needs to be guarded so that the benefit of access to scientific data does not become limited for companies and industry in a new way, as is already seen by some Open Access journals. The researchers’ access to information should be the same irrespective of whether they work at a company or at the university.},
  author       = {Stjernberg, Helena and Carlsson, Håkan and Herbertsson, Lars-Håkan and Kristiansson, Ros-Mari and Sulg, Per},
  keyword      = {repositories,information specialists,copyright,author pays,knowledge,reading,publishing,research money,private sector,industries,companies,enterprises,research & development,universities,open archives,open access},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {18},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x88fbd10)},
  title        = {Open Access in Swedish Private Sector R&D},
  year         = {2008},
}