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The Genetically Modified (GM) Food Labelling Controversy: Ideological and Epistemic Crossovers

Klintman, Mikael LU (2002) In Social Studies of Science 32(1). p.71-91
Abstract
In the debate surrounding genetically modified (GM) food, intense controversies pertain over whether, or how, GM food products ought to be labelled. This paper examines how the GM-supportive and GM-sceptical alliances use arguments regarding labelling so as to strengthen their respective positions. It is an examination of conflicting arguments across social coalitions, corporations and policy-makers, mainly in the USA, but with certain European comparisons. The empirical material consists of written statements by the different groups. The paper suggests that the ideological and epistemological tenets are radically transformed, or even ‘crossed over’, between GM proponents and opponents when the focus is moved from GM per se to labelling.... (More)
In the debate surrounding genetically modified (GM) food, intense controversies pertain over whether, or how, GM food products ought to be labelled. This paper examines how the GM-supportive and GM-sceptical alliances use arguments regarding labelling so as to strengthen their respective positions. It is an examination of conflicting arguments across social coalitions, corporations and policy-makers, mainly in the USA, but with certain European comparisons. The empirical material consists of written statements by the different groups. The paper suggests that the ideological and epistemological tenets are radically transformed, or even ‘crossed over’, between GM proponents and opponents when the focus is moved from GM per se to labelling. Two types of crossovers are identified: (i) the crossover of ideologies, and (ii) the crossover of epistemologies. The paper concludes that, while implementing mandatory GM labelling may have several democratic advantages, it is more urgent that both alliances become more reflexive and communicative concerning inconsistent or eclectic crossovers – both ideological and epistemological. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
alliances, consumerism, epistemic relativism, framing, public understanding of science
in
Social Studies of Science
volume
32
issue
1
pages
71 - 91
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0037793386
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b9183a6f-6cf8-48b9-be7a-2a0c64664490 (old id 1386447)
date added to LUP
2009-04-20 12:27:21
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:48:08
@misc{b9183a6f-6cf8-48b9-be7a-2a0c64664490,
  abstract     = {In the debate surrounding genetically modified (GM) food, intense controversies pertain over whether, or how, GM food products ought to be labelled. This paper examines how the GM-supportive and GM-sceptical alliances use arguments regarding labelling so as to strengthen their respective positions. It is an examination of conflicting arguments across social coalitions, corporations and policy-makers, mainly in the USA, but with certain European comparisons. The empirical material consists of written statements by the different groups. The paper suggests that the ideological and epistemological tenets are radically transformed, or even ‘crossed over’, between GM proponents and opponents when the focus is moved from GM per se to labelling. Two types of crossovers are identified: (i) the crossover of ideologies, and (ii) the crossover of epistemologies. The paper concludes that, while implementing mandatory GM labelling may have several democratic advantages, it is more urgent that both alliances become more reflexive and communicative concerning inconsistent or eclectic crossovers – both ideological and epistemological.},
  author       = {Klintman, Mikael},
  keyword      = {alliances,consumerism,epistemic relativism,framing,public understanding of science},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {71--91},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x99b71e8)},
  series       = {Social Studies of Science},
  title        = {The Genetically Modified (GM) Food Labelling Controversy: Ideological and Epistemic Crossovers},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2002},
}