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Strengthening learning from emergency responses

Borell, Jonas LU and Eriksson, Kerstin LU (2008) 15th TIEMS Annual Conference 2008 In [Host publication title missing] 15.
Abstract
During the last years a couple of emergencies have affected the Swedish municipality Ljungby and its inhabitants and forced the municipality to initiate emergency responses. Some examples are a flooding that happened during the summer of 2004, the storm Gudrun that occurred in January 2005 and the storm Per that occurred in January 2007. These emergencies, as well as other incidents, are situations with a great potential for learning. Constructive use of principles or rules gained during one experience (in this case an emergency response) in another situation is sometimes referred to as ‘positive transfer’. There are several methods available for evaluating responses to incidents and emergencies. However, such methods do not always use the... (More)
During the last years a couple of emergencies have affected the Swedish municipality Ljungby and its inhabitants and forced the municipality to initiate emergency responses. Some examples are a flooding that happened during the summer of 2004, the storm Gudrun that occurred in January 2005 and the storm Per that occurred in January 2007. These emergencies, as well as other incidents, are situations with a great potential for learning. Constructive use of principles or rules gained during one experience (in this case an emergency response) in another situation is sometimes referred to as ‘positive transfer’. There are several methods available for evaluating responses to incidents and emergencies. However, such methods do not always use the full potential for drawing lessons (i.e. positive transfer) from the occurred emergency situations. For example, when trying to learn from experiences organisations often tend to “prepare to fight the last war” instead of planning for the future. The problem is that history is not known to repeat itself in perfect detail. The objective of this paper is to propose an approach to improving learning from evaluations of specific response experiences. This is done through adopting suitable theories from the field of learning. In the literature one prominent principle to facilitate the transfer process is to design the learning process so that the dimensions of variation become visible to the learners. Successful transfer for strengthening future capability demands that critical dimensions of possible variation specific for the domain of interest are considered. To demonstrate the proposed approach to improving learning from experience we apply it on the municipality of Ljungby’s responses to the consequences of the storm Gudrun and their managing of the flooding in 2004. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
emergency response, transfer, learning, emergency management
in
[Host publication title missing]
editor
Jones, Alan
volume
15
pages
7 pages
publisher
TIEMS
conference name
15th TIEMS Annual Conference 2008
external identifiers
  • Scopus:66149135653
ISBN
978-90-9023299-7
project
FRIVA
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8239233f-bbac-45b4-bff3-a58fb954a9fa (old id 1390776)
date added to LUP
2009-05-12 15:00:36
date last changed
2016-11-06 04:29:37
@misc{8239233f-bbac-45b4-bff3-a58fb954a9fa,
  abstract     = {During the last years a couple of emergencies have affected the Swedish municipality Ljungby and its inhabitants and forced the municipality to initiate emergency responses. Some examples are a flooding that happened during the summer of 2004, the storm Gudrun that occurred in January 2005 and the storm Per that occurred in January 2007. These emergencies, as well as other incidents, are situations with a great potential for learning. Constructive use of principles or rules gained during one experience (in this case an emergency response) in another situation is sometimes referred to as ‘positive transfer’. There are several methods available for evaluating responses to incidents and emergencies. However, such methods do not always use the full potential for drawing lessons (i.e. positive transfer) from the occurred emergency situations. For example, when trying to learn from experiences organisations often tend to “prepare to fight the last war” instead of planning for the future. The problem is that history is not known to repeat itself in perfect detail. The objective of this paper is to propose an approach to improving learning from evaluations of specific response experiences. This is done through adopting suitable theories from the field of learning. In the literature one prominent principle to facilitate the transfer process is to design the learning process so that the dimensions of variation become visible to the learners. Successful transfer for strengthening future capability demands that critical dimensions of possible variation specific for the domain of interest are considered. To demonstrate the proposed approach to improving learning from experience we apply it on the municipality of Ljungby’s responses to the consequences of the storm Gudrun and their managing of the flooding in 2004.},
  author       = {Borell, Jonas and Eriksson, Kerstin},
  editor       = {Jones, Alan},
  isbn         = {978-90-9023299-7},
  keyword      = {emergency response,transfer,learning,emergency management},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {7},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x7c980a0)},
  series       = {[Host publication title missing]},
  title        = {Strengthening learning from emergency responses},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2008},
}