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Transient Receptor Potential A1 and Cannabinoid Receptor Activity in Human Normal and Hyperplastic Prostate: Relation to Nerves and Interstitial Cells.

Gratzke, Christian; Weinhold, Philipp; Reich, Oliver; Seitz, Michael; Schlenker, Boris; Stief, Christian G; Andersson, Karl-Erik LU and Hedlund, Petter LU (2010) In European Urology 57. p.902-910
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Ion channel transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) and cannabinoid (CB) receptors are involved in mechanoafferent signaling from the bladder and the urethra. OBJECTIVE: To characterize TRPA1-, CB1-, and CB2-receptor activities in the human prostate. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prostate specimens were obtained from 12 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. We studied expressions (n=6) of TRPA1, CB1, and CB2 receptors and effects of the TRPA1 agonists allyl isothiocyanate (AI), cinnamaldehyde (CA), sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS), and CP 55940 (a CB1/CB2 agonist) on prostatic preparations. MEASUREMENTS: Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and functional experiments were performed. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Western blot... (More)
BACKGROUND: Ion channel transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) and cannabinoid (CB) receptors are involved in mechanoafferent signaling from the bladder and the urethra. OBJECTIVE: To characterize TRPA1-, CB1-, and CB2-receptor activities in the human prostate. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prostate specimens were obtained from 12 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. We studied expressions (n=6) of TRPA1, CB1, and CB2 receptors and effects of the TRPA1 agonists allyl isothiocyanate (AI), cinnamaldehyde (CA), sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS), and CP 55940 (a CB1/CB2 agonist) on prostatic preparations. MEASUREMENTS: Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and functional experiments were performed. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Western blot detected expected bands for CB1, CB2, and TRPA1. TRPA1 immunoreactivity was located on nerves that were positive for CB1, CB2, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), or vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT). CB1 and CB2 immunoreactivity was found on nerves that were positive for NOS, VAChT, or CGRP. Adrenergic nerves were not immunoreactive for TRPA1, CB1, or CB2. In nodular hyperplasia, nerves containing the above markers were scarce or absent. TRPA1 immunoreactivity was detected in cyclic guanosine monophosphate-positive basal cells of the glandular epithelium. Basal or subepithelial TRPA1-immunoreactive cells contained vimentin and c-kit immunoreactivity. CA and NaHS relaxed precontracted preparations by 55+/-7% and 35+/-3% (n=6 for each). CP 55940, NaHS, AI, capsaicin, and CA decreased nerve contractions up to 27%, 80%, 47%, and 87%, respectively (n=6 for each). CONCLUSIONS: The distribution and function of TRPA1 and CB receptors in prostatic tissue suggest a role for these receptors in mechanoafferent signals, epithelial homeostasis, emission, or inflammation of the human prostate. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Urology
volume
57
pages
902 - 910
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • WOS:000275739600033
  • PMID:19733001
  • Scopus:77949486271
ISSN
1873-7560
DOI
10.1016/j.eururo.2009.08.019
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8e091d6f-30d1-48bc-addc-06ea58a9782e (old id 1483739)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19733001?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-10-07 09:20:22
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:28:58
@misc{8e091d6f-30d1-48bc-addc-06ea58a9782e,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Ion channel transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) and cannabinoid (CB) receptors are involved in mechanoafferent signaling from the bladder and the urethra. OBJECTIVE: To characterize TRPA1-, CB1-, and CB2-receptor activities in the human prostate. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prostate specimens were obtained from 12 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. We studied expressions (n=6) of TRPA1, CB1, and CB2 receptors and effects of the TRPA1 agonists allyl isothiocyanate (AI), cinnamaldehyde (CA), sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS), and CP 55940 (a CB1/CB2 agonist) on prostatic preparations. MEASUREMENTS: Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and functional experiments were performed. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Western blot detected expected bands for CB1, CB2, and TRPA1. TRPA1 immunoreactivity was located on nerves that were positive for CB1, CB2, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), or vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT). CB1 and CB2 immunoreactivity was found on nerves that were positive for NOS, VAChT, or CGRP. Adrenergic nerves were not immunoreactive for TRPA1, CB1, or CB2. In nodular hyperplasia, nerves containing the above markers were scarce or absent. TRPA1 immunoreactivity was detected in cyclic guanosine monophosphate-positive basal cells of the glandular epithelium. Basal or subepithelial TRPA1-immunoreactive cells contained vimentin and c-kit immunoreactivity. CA and NaHS relaxed precontracted preparations by 55+/-7% and 35+/-3% (n=6 for each). CP 55940, NaHS, AI, capsaicin, and CA decreased nerve contractions up to 27%, 80%, 47%, and 87%, respectively (n=6 for each). CONCLUSIONS: The distribution and function of TRPA1 and CB receptors in prostatic tissue suggest a role for these receptors in mechanoafferent signals, epithelial homeostasis, emission, or inflammation of the human prostate.},
  author       = {Gratzke, Christian and Weinhold, Philipp and Reich, Oliver and Seitz, Michael and Schlenker, Boris and Stief, Christian G and Andersson, Karl-Erik and Hedlund, Petter},
  issn         = {1873-7560},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {902--910},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x7e288a8)},
  series       = {European Urology},
  title        = {Transient Receptor Potential A1 and Cannabinoid Receptor Activity in Human Normal and Hyperplastic Prostate: Relation to Nerves and Interstitial Cells.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2009.08.019},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2010},
}