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Good and bad opposites: using textual and experimental techniques to measure antonym canonicity

Paradis, Carita LU ; Willners, Caroline LU and Jones, Steven (2009) In The Mental Lexicon p.380-429
Abstract
The goal of this paper is to combine corpus methodology with experimental

methods to gain insights into the nature of antonymy as a lexico-semantic relation

and the degree of antonymic canonicity of word pairs in language and in

memory. Two approaches to antonymy in language are contrasted, the lexical

categorical model and the cognitive prototype model. The results of the investigation

support the latter model and show that different pairings have different

levels of lexico-semantic affinity. At this general level of categorization, empirical

methods converge; however, since they measure slightly different aspect of lexico-

semantic opposability and affinity, and... (More)
The goal of this paper is to combine corpus methodology with experimental

methods to gain insights into the nature of antonymy as a lexico-semantic relation

and the degree of antonymic canonicity of word pairs in language and in

memory. Two approaches to antonymy in language are contrasted, the lexical

categorical model and the cognitive prototype model. The results of the investigation

support the latter model and show that different pairings have different

levels of lexico-semantic affinity. At this general level of categorization, empirical

methods converge; however, since they measure slightly different aspect of lexico-

semantic opposability and affinity, and since the techniques of investigation

are different in nature, we obtain slightly conflicting results at the more specific

levels. We conclude that some antonym pairs can be diagnosed as “canonical”

on the strength of three indicators: textual co-occurrence, individual judgement

about “goodness” of opposition, and elicitation evidence. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
synonym, contrast, adjective, conventionalization, lexico-semantic relation, antonym, prototype, gradable
in
The Mental Lexicon
pages
380 - 429
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISSN
1871-1340
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
801b496a-9a4a-4057-8e61-03d6d7547c69 (old id 1504484)
date added to LUP
2009-11-18 17:57:17
date last changed
2016-04-16 09:16:36
@misc{801b496a-9a4a-4057-8e61-03d6d7547c69,
  abstract     = {The goal of this paper is to combine corpus methodology with experimental<br/><br>
methods to gain insights into the nature of antonymy as a lexico-semantic relation<br/><br>
and the degree of antonymic canonicity of word pairs in language and in<br/><br>
memory. Two approaches to antonymy in language are contrasted, the lexical<br/><br>
categorical model and the cognitive prototype model. The results of the investigation<br/><br>
support the latter model and show that different pairings have different<br/><br>
levels of lexico-semantic affinity. At this general level of categorization, empirical<br/><br>
methods converge; however, since they measure slightly different aspect of lexico-<br/><br>
semantic opposability and affinity, and since the techniques of investigation<br/><br>
are different in nature, we obtain slightly conflicting results at the more specific<br/><br>
levels. We conclude that some antonym pairs can be diagnosed as “canonical”<br/><br>
on the strength of three indicators: textual co-occurrence, individual judgement<br/><br>
about “goodness” of opposition, and elicitation evidence.},
  author       = {Paradis, Carita and Willners, Caroline and Jones, Steven},
  issn         = {1871-1340},
  keyword      = {synonym,contrast,adjective,conventionalization,lexico-semantic relation,antonym,prototype,gradable},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {380--429},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x83ab1a8)},
  series       = {The Mental Lexicon},
  title        = {Good and bad opposites: using textual and experimental techniques to measure antonym canonicity},
  year         = {2009},
}