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Impact of aspirin, NSAIDs, warfarin, corticosteroids and SSRIs on the site and outcome of non-variceal upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

Åhsberg, Kristina LU ; Höglund, Peter LU ; Kim, Won-Hie and Staël von Holstein, Christer LU (2010) In Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 45. p.1404-1415
Abstract
Abstract Objective. To assess the impact of increased use of low-dose aspirin, other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), warfarin, corticosteroids and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on the site and outcome of non-variceal gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds. Methods. Retrospective review of 731 patients with peptic ulcer bleeds (PUBs), non-ulcer, non-variceal upper (NUUPGIBs) and lower GI bleeds (LGIBs) in 1984, 1994 and 2004 at Lund University Hospital, Sweden. Incidence and mortality rates, risk factors for fatal outcome and associations with different sites of GI bleeds were evaluated. Results. Between 1984 and 2004, incidence of PUBs decreased from 62.0 to 32.1 per 100,000 inhabitants (p < 0.001). Incidence of... (More)
Abstract Objective. To assess the impact of increased use of low-dose aspirin, other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), warfarin, corticosteroids and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on the site and outcome of non-variceal gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds. Methods. Retrospective review of 731 patients with peptic ulcer bleeds (PUBs), non-ulcer, non-variceal upper (NUUPGIBs) and lower GI bleeds (LGIBs) in 1984, 1994 and 2004 at Lund University Hospital, Sweden. Incidence and mortality rates, risk factors for fatal outcome and associations with different sites of GI bleeds were evaluated. Results. Between 1984 and 2004, incidence of PUBs decreased from 62.0 to 32.1 per 100,000 inhabitants (p < 0.001). Incidence of NUUPGIBs (29.0-30.4 per 100,000) and LGIBs (45.5-43.2 per 100,000) was stable. The case-fatality rate ranged from 4-6% (p = 0.65) for upper GI bleed to 1-8% (p = 0.033) for LGIB. No drug impacted on fatal outcome. Aspirin, warfarin and SSRI users tended to suffer more severe GI bleeds than non-users of these drugs. When comparing non-ulcer GI bleeds with PUBs, aspirin (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.38-0.82) was more strongly associated with PUBs, whereas SSRIs (OR 3.71, 95% CI 1.39-12.9) and corticosteroids (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.28-6.82) were more associated with non-ulcer GI bleeds after adjusting for age, gender and co-morbidity. Conclusion. Increased use of drugs that promote bleeding has not impacted on incidence and fatal outcome of non-variceal GI bleeds, although the severity of bleeding has increased. Aspirin is more strongly associated with PUBs, while corticosteroids and SSRIs are associated with non-ulcer, non-variceal GI bleeds. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
volume
45
pages
1404 - 1415
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • WOS:000284268700003
  • PMID:20695720
  • Scopus:78649275366
ISSN
1502-7708
DOI
10.3109/00365521.2010.510567
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
706bd98f-f99d-4e45-8b2f-e895a0b78316 (old id 1665435)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20695720?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-09-03 09:09:30
date last changed
2016-12-04 04:38:43
@misc{706bd98f-f99d-4e45-8b2f-e895a0b78316,
  abstract     = {Abstract Objective. To assess the impact of increased use of low-dose aspirin, other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), warfarin, corticosteroids and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on the site and outcome of non-variceal gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds. Methods. Retrospective review of 731 patients with peptic ulcer bleeds (PUBs), non-ulcer, non-variceal upper (NUUPGIBs) and lower GI bleeds (LGIBs) in 1984, 1994 and 2004 at Lund University Hospital, Sweden. Incidence and mortality rates, risk factors for fatal outcome and associations with different sites of GI bleeds were evaluated. Results. Between 1984 and 2004, incidence of PUBs decreased from 62.0 to 32.1 per 100,000 inhabitants (p &lt; 0.001). Incidence of NUUPGIBs (29.0-30.4 per 100,000) and LGIBs (45.5-43.2 per 100,000) was stable. The case-fatality rate ranged from 4-6% (p = 0.65) for upper GI bleed to 1-8% (p = 0.033) for LGIB. No drug impacted on fatal outcome. Aspirin, warfarin and SSRI users tended to suffer more severe GI bleeds than non-users of these drugs. When comparing non-ulcer GI bleeds with PUBs, aspirin (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.38-0.82) was more strongly associated with PUBs, whereas SSRIs (OR 3.71, 95% CI 1.39-12.9) and corticosteroids (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.28-6.82) were more associated with non-ulcer GI bleeds after adjusting for age, gender and co-morbidity. Conclusion. Increased use of drugs that promote bleeding has not impacted on incidence and fatal outcome of non-variceal GI bleeds, although the severity of bleeding has increased. Aspirin is more strongly associated with PUBs, while corticosteroids and SSRIs are associated with non-ulcer, non-variceal GI bleeds.},
  author       = {Åhsberg, Kristina and Höglund, Peter and Kim, Won-Hie and Staël von Holstein, Christer},
  issn         = {1502-7708},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1404--1415},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xabf8908)},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology},
  title        = {Impact of aspirin, NSAIDs, warfarin, corticosteroids and SSRIs on the site and outcome of non-variceal upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365521.2010.510567},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2010},
}