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Vetenskap, evighet och religion; en studie i Anders Nygrens religionsfilosofi

Månsson, Bengt-Åke LU (1996)
Abstract
Anders Nygrens ambition was to develop a criterion by which he could distinguish between science and non-science. This is th K(v) of Nygren. According to Nygreb tgere are three ways of arguing in science which all fullfill the demand of K(v): a) deductive argumentation b) empirical argumentation and c) philosophical argumentation. a) and b) operate at the material level and c) at the formal one. c) means analysis of presuppositions. Here the concept of validity is central. Formal validity refers in the deepest formal presuppositions of experience. Nygrens basic philosophical position, his theory of knowledge, was in important respects inspired by Kant. Nygren was firmly convinced that our total experience was divided into four different... (More)
Anders Nygrens ambition was to develop a criterion by which he could distinguish between science and non-science. This is th K(v) of Nygren. According to Nygreb tgere are three ways of arguing in science which all fullfill the demand of K(v): a) deductive argumentation b) empirical argumentation and c) philosophical argumentation. a) and b) operate at the material level and c) at the formal one. c) means analysis of presuppositions. Here the concept of validity is central. Formal validity refers in the deepest formal presuppositions of experience. Nygrens basic philosophical position, his theory of knowledge, was in important respects inspired by Kant. Nygren was firmly convinced that our total experience was divided into four different areas of experience: the theoretical, the esthetical and the religious contexts of meaning. Every context of meaning has a fundamental formal category as its basis. However Nygren held that in normal sense, the religious a priori is the basis for all the four contexts of meaning. On this issue, Nygren seems to have held two opinions, difficult to reconcile. On the one hand he maintained the complete independence of the different contexts of meaning, but on the other hand he claimed thet the concept of eternity is the basis of all contexts of meaning. According to Nygren, a judgement is valid only within its own context. But this theory of "the messages" indicates the necessity of developing a multifunctionalistic theory of language. In spite of these problems, however, Nygrens theory of contexts of meaning must be regarded as a most important step on the way of clarifying the nature and function of religious language. It has been regarded as an established fact that Nygrens contexts of meaning have important relations to Wittgensteins language games. But there are important differences, particular at the attempt to define what the rules of the context have. Finally, I would like to point out that although there are problems related to Nygrens way of talking about formal presuppositions, I think that it is possible to develop presuppositions on a material level. This can be a help to find out what the presuppositional basis is of a chain of arguments. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • unknown], [unknown
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
science, Anders Nygren, non-science, validity, category, eternity, context of meaning, message, argumentation, Teologi, Theology
pages
170 pages
publisher
Bengt-Åke Månsson, Dept. of Theology, Lund University, Allhelgona kyrkog. 8, 223 62 Lund,
defense location
Universitetshuset
defense date
1996-10-25 10:15
external identifiers
  • Other:ISRN: LUREDN/REREF 1994/1006-SE + 170
ISBN
91-628-2164-4
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
8780e77c-8d3f-48f7-a0fd-5e570d6f0e8f (old id 17539)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 09:53:57
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:15
@misc{8780e77c-8d3f-48f7-a0fd-5e570d6f0e8f,
  abstract     = {Anders Nygrens ambition was to develop a criterion by which he could distinguish between science and non-science. This is th K(v) of Nygren. According to Nygreb tgere are three ways of arguing in science which all fullfill the demand of K(v): a) deductive argumentation b) empirical argumentation and c) philosophical argumentation. a) and b) operate at the material level and c) at the formal one. c) means analysis of presuppositions. Here the concept of validity is central. Formal validity refers in the deepest formal presuppositions of experience. Nygrens basic philosophical position, his theory of knowledge, was in important respects inspired by Kant. Nygren was firmly convinced that our total experience was divided into four different areas of experience: the theoretical, the esthetical and the religious contexts of meaning. Every context of meaning has a fundamental formal category as its basis. However Nygren held that in normal sense, the religious a priori is the basis for all the four contexts of meaning. On this issue, Nygren seems to have held two opinions, difficult to reconcile. On the one hand he maintained the complete independence of the different contexts of meaning, but on the other hand he claimed thet the concept of eternity is the basis of all contexts of meaning. According to Nygren, a judgement is valid only within its own context. But this theory of "the messages" indicates the necessity of developing a multifunctionalistic theory of language. In spite of these problems, however, Nygrens theory of contexts of meaning must be regarded as a most important step on the way of clarifying the nature and function of religious language. It has been regarded as an established fact that Nygrens contexts of meaning have important relations to Wittgensteins language games. But there are important differences, particular at the attempt to define what the rules of the context have. Finally, I would like to point out that although there are problems related to Nygrens way of talking about formal presuppositions, I think that it is possible to develop presuppositions on a material level. This can be a help to find out what the presuppositional basis is of a chain of arguments.},
  author       = {Månsson, Bengt-Åke},
  isbn         = {91-628-2164-4},
  keyword      = {science,Anders Nygren,non-science,validity,category,eternity,context of meaning,message,argumentation,Teologi,Theology},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {170},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x87627c0)},
  title        = {Vetenskap, evighet och religion; en studie i Anders Nygrens religionsfilosofi},
  year         = {1996},
}