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Bilden av den "hotfulla ungdomen": om ungdomsproblem och fastställandet och upprätthållandet av samhällets moraliska gränser

Ohlsson, Lars B LU (1997)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I avhandlingen försöker jag visa hur polis, socialtjänst, rättsväsen, massmedia, olika intressegrupper, allmänhet och inte minst ungdomar själva skapar föreställningar om vad som är ett ungdomsproblem. De rutiner som de olika organisationernas aktörer utvecklar och det sätt som ungdomar och vi övriga "pratar" om ungdomsproblem bidrar till att den framställda bilden som regel blir överdriven och stereotyp.



Den konstruerade bilden utgör i sin tur underlag för kontrollsystemets (polis, socialtjänst, rättsväsen) beslut och åtgärder. Genom att belysa problemen och vidta åtgärder mot de avvikande ungdomarna blir normaliteten och samhällets moraliska gränser tydliga.

... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I avhandlingen försöker jag visa hur polis, socialtjänst, rättsväsen, massmedia, olika intressegrupper, allmänhet och inte minst ungdomar själva skapar föreställningar om vad som är ett ungdomsproblem. De rutiner som de olika organisationernas aktörer utvecklar och det sätt som ungdomar och vi övriga "pratar" om ungdomsproblem bidrar till att den framställda bilden som regel blir överdriven och stereotyp.



Den konstruerade bilden utgör i sin tur underlag för kontrollsystemets (polis, socialtjänst, rättsväsen) beslut och åtgärder. Genom att belysa problemen och vidta åtgärder mot de avvikande ungdomarna blir normaliteten och samhällets moraliska gränser tydliga.



När samhällets kontrollsystem genom olika inne- och uteslutningstekniker kan återställa ordningen som de gjorde med de tre "gäng" som är avhandlingens empiri visar det sin moraliska styrka. (Less)
Abstract
The main aim of my dissertation is to investigate som conceptions, power relations, and practices in the discourse of youth problems. I have studied some of the actors that are involved in the social constructing of the "juvenile delinquent" such as the police, the judical system, the social service, the media, the general public and last but not least, the young people themselves.



The bulk of my dissertation consist of three case studies. The first is the (re)construction of "an event that never happend" where a loose group of youth, who previously never had been the object of the authorities' attention, were identified as a delinquent and violent gang by the media, the police, and the social service. The other two... (More)
The main aim of my dissertation is to investigate som conceptions, power relations, and practices in the discourse of youth problems. I have studied some of the actors that are involved in the social constructing of the "juvenile delinquent" such as the police, the judical system, the social service, the media, the general public and last but not least, the young people themselves.



The bulk of my dissertation consist of three case studies. The first is the (re)construction of "an event that never happend" where a loose group of youth, who previously never had been the object of the authorities' attention, were identified as a delinquent and violent gang by the media, the police, and the social service. The other two cases map the judicial system's processing and criminalization of two youth gangs.



The cases are supported both by qualitative and quantitative data. I have analysed mass media reports, state memorandums and pronouncements, police reports, records of preliminary investigations, minutes of trail, and documents from the social service and I have also observed the gangs of youth in the field. The quantative studie draws largely on two surveys. In one survey I asked 800 young people about thier attitudes to violence and fear of violence, In the other a selction of organizations that, for some reason, come in contact with youth were asked about thier view of the "youth problem".



The dissertation support the thesis that "youth problems" are socially constructed. The cases show how the indentification of a "youth problem" activates and relates different social institutions to each other, how the different actors in these cases give meaning to the events, and how this constructed "reality" not only dictates the framework of thier subsequent actions and govern them, but also maintains and reproduces society's moral boundaries around the youth. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Prof. Hauge, Ragnar, National Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research, Oslo
organization
alternative title
The image of the threatening youth - The youth problems and the establishment and maintenance of societies moral boundaries
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
youth delinquence, Youth gangs, deviance, judicial system, discourse, power, discretion, social construction, social control, social actor, arena, normalization, human service organizations., moral boundaries, Social changes, theory of social work, Sociala förändringar, teorier om socialt arbete
pages
237 pages
publisher
Värpinge Ord & Text, Östen Undéns gata 132, 227 62, Lund,
defense location
Edens hörsal, Paradisgatan 5H, Lund
defense date
1997-10-10 10:10
external identifiers
  • Other:ISRN: LUSADG/SASW--97/1016--SE
ISBN
91-628-2405-8
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
b83f9f7d-b03a-47af-b350-8cf2ebd7e9cb (old id 18110)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 10:57:33
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:07
@misc{b83f9f7d-b03a-47af-b350-8cf2ebd7e9cb,
  abstract     = {The main aim of my dissertation is to investigate som conceptions, power relations, and practices in the discourse of youth problems. I have studied some of the actors that are involved in the social constructing of the "juvenile delinquent" such as the police, the judical system, the social service, the media, the general public and last but not least, the young people themselves.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The bulk of my dissertation consist of three case studies. The first is the (re)construction of "an event that never happend" where a loose group of youth, who previously never had been the object of the authorities' attention, were identified as a delinquent and violent gang by the media, the police, and the social service. The other two cases map the judicial system's processing and criminalization of two youth gangs.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The cases are supported both by qualitative and quantitative data. I have analysed mass media reports, state memorandums and pronouncements, police reports, records of preliminary investigations, minutes of trail, and documents from the social service and I have also observed the gangs of youth in the field. The quantative studie draws largely on two surveys. In one survey I asked 800 young people about thier attitudes to violence and fear of violence, In the other a selction of organizations that, for some reason, come in contact with youth were asked about thier view of the "youth problem".<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The dissertation support the thesis that "youth problems" are socially constructed. The cases show how the indentification of a "youth problem" activates and relates different social institutions to each other, how the different actors in these cases give meaning to the events, and how this constructed "reality" not only dictates the framework of thier subsequent actions and govern them, but also maintains and reproduces society's moral boundaries around the youth.},
  author       = {Ohlsson, Lars B},
  isbn         = {91-628-2405-8},
  keyword      = {youth delinquence,Youth gangs,deviance,judicial system,discourse,power,discretion,social construction,social control,social actor,arena,normalization,human service organizations.,moral boundaries,Social changes,theory of social work,Sociala förändringar,teorier om socialt arbete},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {237},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x95be4d8)},
  title        = {Bilden av den "hotfulla ungdomen": om ungdomsproblem och fastställandet och upprätthållandet av samhällets moraliska gränser},
  year         = {1997},
}