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Kontraktsstyrning i teori och praktik

Bryntse, Karin LU (2000) In Lund Studies in Economics and Management 56.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Kontraktsstyrning i teori och praktik



Under de senaste decennierna har användningen av kontraktsstyrning ökat i både privat och offentlig sektor. Det finns ett stort intresse för styrformens egenskaper. Kontraktsstyrning diskuteras ibland som en tredje form av styrning, en sorts mellanform av idealtyperna marknad och hierarki. Frågan är dock vad som karaktäriserar denna styrform och hur kontraktsstyrning går till i praktiken.



I denna bok redovisas resultat från en studie av kontraktsstyrning i kommunalteknisk verksamhet i åtta kommuner i Sverige, England och Tyskland. Studien har genomförts med hjälp av modeller som utvecklats genom analys av teorier om... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Kontraktsstyrning i teori och praktik



Under de senaste decennierna har användningen av kontraktsstyrning ökat i både privat och offentlig sektor. Det finns ett stort intresse för styrformens egenskaper. Kontraktsstyrning diskuteras ibland som en tredje form av styrning, en sorts mellanform av idealtyperna marknad och hierarki. Frågan är dock vad som karaktäriserar denna styrform och hur kontraktsstyrning går till i praktiken.



I denna bok redovisas resultat från en studie av kontraktsstyrning i kommunalteknisk verksamhet i åtta kommuner i Sverige, England och Tyskland. Studien har genomförts med hjälp av modeller som utvecklats genom analys av teorier om kontraktsstyrning från olika perspektiv.



Studien visar att det förekommer ett samspel mellan olika styrelement av motsatt karaktär. Detaljerade specifikationer kombineras med flexibel uppföljning. Formaliserad kommunikation kombineras med informellt samarbete. Kortvariga kontrakt kombineras med långvariga relationer. Både konflikt och samarbete hanteras inom ramen för samma relation, men vid olika tidpunkter, platser och av olika aktörer. Resultatet talar för att det är mer fruktbart att diskutera kontraktsstyrning som en kombination av olika styrelement än som en distinkt styrform. (Less)
Abstract
The general aim of this thesis is to develop an increased understanding of contract management as a mode of governance. A specific aim has been to explore how complex municipal services are managed by contract. A framework for analysis of contract management was developed by combining elements from interorganisational theories with different perspectives, such as transaction cost theories, network theories, and sociological institutional theories. The framework was applied in empirical studies of contract management of technical services in local authorities in Sweden, England and Germany. A follow-up study was carried out after four years.



The empirical findings revealed a mixture of different governance mechanisms.... (More)
The general aim of this thesis is to develop an increased understanding of contract management as a mode of governance. A specific aim has been to explore how complex municipal services are managed by contract. A framework for analysis of contract management was developed by combining elements from interorganisational theories with different perspectives, such as transaction cost theories, network theories, and sociological institutional theories. The framework was applied in empirical studies of contract management of technical services in local authorities in Sweden, England and Germany. A follow-up study was carried out after four years.



The empirical findings revealed a mixture of different governance mechanisms. Competition and conditionality were combined with trust and continuity. Detailed specifications and formal contracts were combined with a flexible and problem-solving approach to variations. Local agreements were combined with standardised contract conditions. Short contracts were combined with long-term relationships. There were differences in the style of contract management between large and small organisations, between stable services and services characterised by uncertainty and risk, and between countries with different societal systems. The style of management changed significantly within four years, from a stronger emphasis on price competition and adversial pressure to an emphasis on quality and partnership.



A general conclusion is that contract management can be regarded as a mixture of governance mechanisms of opposite character, creating a balance of co-operation and competition. It is proposed that formal procedures can be seen as enhancing the evolution of trust in complex relationships. This contradicts the common view of formalism as an obstacle and opposing feature to trust. The use of standard contract conditions also indicates that contract relationships are partially constructed at an aggregate level. This confirms that contract management has to be analysed in a societal context. The general change of style of contract management within four years indicates that there might be general patterns of contract management, which change over time. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Prof. Lindkvist, Lars, Linköping
organization
alternative title
Contract management in theory and practice
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Management of enterprises, hierarchy, market, interorganisational theory, governance structure, Contract management, public procurement, Företagsledning, management
in
Lund Studies in Economics and Management
volume
56
pages
317 pages
publisher
Lund Business Press
defense location
Lund
defense date
2000-03-17 10:15
external identifiers
  • Other:ISRN: LUSADG/SAEK-00/1060-SE
ISBN
91-973738-3-4
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
e155da72-276a-4ff1-bdf1-46fda9375cfe (old id 19630)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 10:52:07
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:06
@misc{e155da72-276a-4ff1-bdf1-46fda9375cfe,
  abstract     = {The general aim of this thesis is to develop an increased understanding of contract management as a mode of governance. A specific aim has been to explore how complex municipal services are managed by contract. A framework for analysis of contract management was developed by combining elements from interorganisational theories with different perspectives, such as transaction cost theories, network theories, and sociological institutional theories. The framework was applied in empirical studies of contract management of technical services in local authorities in Sweden, England and Germany. A follow-up study was carried out after four years.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The empirical findings revealed a mixture of different governance mechanisms. Competition and conditionality were combined with trust and continuity. Detailed specifications and formal contracts were combined with a flexible and problem-solving approach to variations. Local agreements were combined with standardised contract conditions. Short contracts were combined with long-term relationships. There were differences in the style of contract management between large and small organisations, between stable services and services characterised by uncertainty and risk, and between countries with different societal systems. The style of management changed significantly within four years, from a stronger emphasis on price competition and adversial pressure to an emphasis on quality and partnership.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
A general conclusion is that contract management can be regarded as a mixture of governance mechanisms of opposite character, creating a balance of co-operation and competition. It is proposed that formal procedures can be seen as enhancing the evolution of trust in complex relationships. This contradicts the common view of formalism as an obstacle and opposing feature to trust. The use of standard contract conditions also indicates that contract relationships are partially constructed at an aggregate level. This confirms that contract management has to be analysed in a societal context. The general change of style of contract management within four years indicates that there might be general patterns of contract management, which change over time.},
  author       = {Bryntse, Karin},
  isbn         = {91-973738-3-4},
  keyword      = {Management of enterprises,hierarchy,market,interorganisational theory,governance structure,Contract management,public procurement,Företagsledning,management},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {317},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x96a5620)},
  series       = {Lund Studies in Economics and Management},
  title        = {Kontraktsstyrning i teori och praktik},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2000},
}