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Drama – konst eller pedagogik? Kampen om ämnet speglad i den nordiska tidskriften Drama 1965-1995

Rasmusson, Viveka LU (2000)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Under de senaste decennierna har det pågått en intensiv kamp om dramapedagogikens innehåll. Den har i betydande utsträckning förts på nordiskt plan. Dramaläraren och lärarutbildaren Viveka Rasmusson visar att denna debatt om dramaämnet och dess utveckling med fördel kan studeras i den nordiska tidskriften Drama. Under större delen av sjuttiotalet var Drama ett gemensamt språkrör för dramalärarföreningarna i Damnark, Norge, Finlad och Sverige, och under hela den studerade perioden, 1965–1995, ett viktigt forum för dem. I ledningen för tidskriften stod under dessa trettio år Nils Braanaas och han och de många skribenterna lyfts fram liksom de idéer som presenterades och debatterades. Och nästan... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Under de senaste decennierna har det pågått en intensiv kamp om dramapedagogikens innehåll. Den har i betydande utsträckning förts på nordiskt plan. Dramaläraren och lärarutbildaren Viveka Rasmusson visar att denna debatt om dramaämnet och dess utveckling med fördel kan studeras i den nordiska tidskriften Drama. Under större delen av sjuttiotalet var Drama ett gemensamt språkrör för dramalärarföreningarna i Damnark, Norge, Finlad och Sverige, och under hela den studerade perioden, 1965–1995, ett viktigt forum för dem. I ledningen för tidskriften stod under dessa trettio år Nils Braanaas och han och de många skribenterna lyfts fram liksom de idéer som presenterades och debatterades. Och nästan allt som rörde sig i tiden kom också med i striden om dramaämnet skulle präglas av konst eller pedagogik. (Less)
Abstract
Based on the Nordic dramapedagogic journal Drama during the period 1965-1995 the thesis analyses Nordic dramapedagogy and the dramatheoretical debate of the subject drama, which entered Nordic school curriculums in the sixties and the seventies. During the period a struggle was fought by predecessors from different aestethic and pedagogical directions concerning the definition of the subject. The main questions are which conceptions of the subject were prevalent, vhat the ideohistorical background was, which cultural influences the debate had and how dramateachers acted to bring out their subject.



The first chapter presents the frame, the journal Drama and its history throughout the period. The journal was a common... (More)
Based on the Nordic dramapedagogic journal Drama during the period 1965-1995 the thesis analyses Nordic dramapedagogy and the dramatheoretical debate of the subject drama, which entered Nordic school curriculums in the sixties and the seventies. During the period a struggle was fought by predecessors from different aestethic and pedagogical directions concerning the definition of the subject. The main questions are which conceptions of the subject were prevalent, vhat the ideohistorical background was, which cultural influences the debate had and how dramateachers acted to bring out their subject.



The first chapter presents the frame, the journal Drama and its history throughout the period. The journal was a common mouthpiece of dramateachers from the Denmark, Norway, Finland and Sweden during the seventies and an important forum for them during the hole period. Following chapters chronologically describe and analyse the debate. Starting out with the period 1965-1971 the focus is on the conflict between the editor Nils Braanaas and Erik Trummler. Braanaas introduced the new dramapedagogics based on the Nordic reformpedagogics and creative dramatics presented by Elsa Olenius as opposed to Trummler´s classic school theatre. Then the period 1972-1978 is described, when a multitude of new drama-pedagogical methods entered the debate. Marxists discussing the ideological purpose of drama were confronted with dramateachers who meant that the students individual and social development were the primary purposes of drama. Next the debate in and around 1979 is analysed, the subject of drama now in decay from budget cuts. The sharpening conflicts in the debate 1981-1989 mainly about different academic shools and traditions are referred to. The journal´s editors are deepening an aestethic discussion while the dramatist Lennart Wiechel takes his start in communicational theory with the purpose of developing social competence. Finally the period, 1990-1995 is described, comprising Nils Braanaas last five years of managing editor. This was a period influenced by post-modern thinking in cultural– and litterature theory with an advanced theoretical level of the discussion.



Concluding the thesis is the idea that the subject of drama has been like a sheet of blotting paper, absorbing pedagogic trends and cultural influences from the respective periods. It is proposed that Michel Foucalt´s theory of the tactical polyvalence of discourse is well illustrated by the debate. It is noted that the dramatheoretical discussion has developed over the time frame leading to research establisments with drama as major subject both in Norway, Trondheim and Bergen and in Finland Jyväskylä. The cooperation between the dramateachers is analysed with help of Pierre Bourdieu´s terminology. The specific Nordic profile of the drama subject is observed, its characteristics being the commitment to a democratic perspective, the society and an active set of values. Finally it is stated that the cooperation between the Nordic countries on the subject of drama, which cooperation formed during the seventies and the eighties, has been vitalised during the nineties together with an increased research in the area. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Østern, Anna-Lena
organization
alternative title
Drama – Art or Pedagogics? The Struggle over the Subject as reflected in the Nordic Journal Drama 1965–-1995.
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
cooperation of Nordic dramateachers., cultural influences, development of the subject drama, dramatheoretical debate 1965-1995, Nordic dramapedagodgic, Drama a Nordic dramapedagogical journal, Dramatic art, Teatervetenskap
pages
296 pages
publisher
Viveka Rasmusson, Tel: 040 - 51 04 90, Viveka.Rasmusson@lut.mah.se,
defense location
Kulturanatomen sal 201, Biskopsgatan 7, Lund
defense date
2000-09-23 10:15
ISBN
91-628-4303-6
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
a4ab19c2-d53f-40ae-8cf3-d9ac93eae0ec (old id 19755)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 14:13:27
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:09
@misc{a4ab19c2-d53f-40ae-8cf3-d9ac93eae0ec,
  abstract     = {Based on the Nordic dramapedagogic journal Drama during the period 1965-1995 the thesis analyses Nordic dramapedagogy and the dramatheoretical debate of the subject drama, which entered Nordic school curriculums in the sixties and the seventies. During the period a struggle was fought by predecessors from different aestethic and pedagogical directions concerning the definition of the subject. The main questions are which conceptions of the subject were prevalent, vhat the ideohistorical background was, which cultural influences the debate had and how dramateachers acted to bring out their subject.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The first chapter presents the frame, the journal Drama and its history throughout the period. The journal was a common mouthpiece of dramateachers from the Denmark, Norway, Finland and Sweden during the seventies and an important forum for them during the hole period. Following chapters chronologically describe and analyse the debate. Starting out with the period 1965-1971 the focus is on the conflict between the editor Nils Braanaas and Erik Trummler. Braanaas introduced the new dramapedagogics based on the Nordic reformpedagogics and creative dramatics presented by Elsa Olenius as opposed to Trummler´s classic school theatre. Then the period 1972-1978 is described, when a multitude of new drama-pedagogical methods entered the debate. Marxists discussing the ideological purpose of drama were confronted with dramateachers who meant that the students individual and social development were the primary purposes of drama. Next the debate in and around 1979 is analysed, the subject of drama now in decay from budget cuts. The sharpening conflicts in the debate 1981-1989 mainly about different academic shools and traditions are referred to. The journal´s editors are deepening an aestethic discussion while the dramatist Lennart Wiechel takes his start in communicational theory with the purpose of developing social competence. Finally the period, 1990-1995 is described, comprising Nils Braanaas last five years of managing editor. This was a period influenced by post-modern thinking in cultural– and litterature theory with an advanced theoretical level of the discussion.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Concluding the thesis is the idea that the subject of drama has been like a sheet of blotting paper, absorbing pedagogic trends and cultural influences from the respective periods. It is proposed that Michel Foucalt´s theory of the tactical polyvalence of discourse is well illustrated by the debate. It is noted that the dramatheoretical discussion has developed over the time frame leading to research establisments with drama as major subject both in Norway, Trondheim and Bergen and in Finland Jyväskylä. The cooperation between the dramateachers is analysed with help of Pierre Bourdieu´s terminology. The specific Nordic profile of the drama subject is observed, its characteristics being the commitment to a democratic perspective, the society and an active set of values. Finally it is stated that the cooperation between the Nordic countries on the subject of drama, which cooperation formed during the seventies and the eighties, has been vitalised during the nineties together with an increased research in the area.},
  author       = {Rasmusson, Viveka},
  isbn         = {91-628-4303-6},
  keyword      = {cooperation of Nordic dramateachers.,cultural influences,development of the subject drama,dramatheoretical debate 1965-1995,Nordic dramapedagodgic,Drama a Nordic dramapedagogical journal,Dramatic art,Teatervetenskap},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {296},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9e4db10)},
  title        = {Drama – konst eller pedagogik? Kampen om ämnet speglad i den nordiska tidskriften Drama 1965-1995},
  year         = {2000},
}