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Environmental Atmosphere: Outdoor Environmental Assessments for Design and Education

Tucker Cross, Lisa LU (2004)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingens syfte var att utveckla en checklista för bedömning av utemiljön i flerfamiljs bostadsområden. Fem experter inom arkitektur, landskapsarkitektur och stadsplanering medverkade i den första utvärderingen som omfattade sex bostadsområden i Lund. Utfallet validerades genom jämförelse med de boendes egna värderingar. Denna omfattade mer än 400 personer och analysen resulterade i fem värderande faktorer, Känsla av tillhörighet, Värdering av utemiljön, Estetisk värdering, Hållbar utveckling och Social delaktighet. De tre första av dessa faktorer kunde prediceras av experterna med checklistans hjälp. I en annan studie framkom att checklistan även fungerade i tvärkulturella sammanhang. Här... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingens syfte var att utveckla en checklista för bedömning av utemiljön i flerfamiljs bostadsområden. Fem experter inom arkitektur, landskapsarkitektur och stadsplanering medverkade i den första utvärderingen som omfattade sex bostadsområden i Lund. Utfallet validerades genom jämförelse med de boendes egna värderingar. Denna omfattade mer än 400 personer och analysen resulterade i fem värderande faktorer, Känsla av tillhörighet, Värdering av utemiljön, Estetisk värdering, Hållbar utveckling och Social delaktighet. De tre första av dessa faktorer kunde prediceras av experterna med checklistans hjälp. I en annan studie framkom att checklistan även fungerade i tvärkulturella sammanhang. Här medverkade 22 planerare från Afrika, Asien, Sydamerika och Östeuropa. Överensstämmelsen med de svenska experterna var i huvudsak god, men vissa kulturellt betingade skillnader framkom också. I ytterligare en studie utnyttjades checklistan för att utvärdera mer speciella boendemiljöer som tillkommit i samband med bostadsmässorna H99 i Helsingborg och Bo01 i Malmö. Härvid medverkade sex experter i arkitektur och landskapsarkitektur. Även i dessa miljöer visade sig checklistan fungera väl. Slutligen utprovades checklistan som ett pedagogiskt instrument vid arkitektutbildningen vid Lunds Tekniska Högskola. Utfallet visade att eleverna härigenom fick en fördjupad förståelse för utemiljöns problematik och gestaltning. Avhandlingen omfattar fem studier som presenteras i fyra separata artiklar och en sammanfattande skrift. (Less)
Abstract
The primary goal of this thesis was to develop an Expert checklist for assessing and de-veloping outdoor residential environments. The checklist was utilized by 5 experts in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning who were all fa-miliar with the concept of architectural psychology. The checklist was validated against a Post-occupancy evaluations form (POE) that was developed especially for this purpose. The POE was administered to over 400 residents in Lund, Sweden, and rendered five factors, Attachment, Outdoor Enjoyment, Aesthetics, Sustainability, and Social Interaction. By means of the checklist it was possible to predict the first three of these five factors. Further studies using the Expert checklist... (More)
The primary goal of this thesis was to develop an Expert checklist for assessing and de-veloping outdoor residential environments. The checklist was utilized by 5 experts in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning who were all fa-miliar with the concept of architectural psychology. The checklist was validated against a Post-occupancy evaluations form (POE) that was developed especially for this purpose. The POE was administered to over 400 residents in Lund, Sweden, and rendered five factors, Attachment, Outdoor Enjoyment, Aesthetics, Sustainability, and Social Interaction. By means of the checklist it was possible to predict the first three of these five factors. Further studies using the Expert checklist showed that the form could be used in a cross-cultural context. Twenty-two planning professionals, who came from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and South America, participated. A test was also performed to discover if cultural differences would affect the way the built environments were assessed. Additional studies were preformed to expand the usefulness of the Expert checklist by evaluating two recent large-scale housing areas that had been developed and organized as housing exhibitions within southern Sweden. Six experts in the fields of architecture and landscape architecture utilized the checklist to assess these two new and innovative areas.



Finally, the checklist was used in a course for architecture students and the outcome in-dicates that using this tool can enhance the understanding of the students related to the needs of end users, specifically regarding their outdoor environment.



The thesis consists of five studies incorporated into four papers which are all related to the development of the Expert checklist. The five studies have shown that the checklist is a valid and reliable method for assessing the outdoor environment in order to identify essential environmental qualities that individual’s desire as well as a useful tool for teaching architecture students about these qualities. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Mikellides, Byron, Great Britain
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Landskapsarkitektur, Landscape design, POE, outdoor environment, housing exhibitions, housing environments, expert checklist, environmental atmosphere, architectural education, cross-cultural, Physical planning, Fysisk planering
pages
143 pages
publisher
Environmental and Energy Systems Studies, Lund university
defense location
Lecture Hall B, Architecture Building, Sölvegatan 24, Lund Institute of Technology
defense date
2004-12-17 13:15
ISBN
91-7267-998-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
45495214-8131-4b87-8124-b575f7d5357a (old id 21709)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 14:25:07
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:10
@misc{45495214-8131-4b87-8124-b575f7d5357a,
  abstract     = {The primary goal of this thesis was to develop an Expert checklist for assessing and de-veloping outdoor residential environments. The checklist was utilized by 5 experts in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning who were all fa-miliar with the concept of architectural psychology. The checklist was validated against a Post-occupancy evaluations form (POE) that was developed especially for this purpose. The POE was administered to over 400 residents in Lund, Sweden, and rendered five factors, Attachment, Outdoor Enjoyment, Aesthetics, Sustainability, and Social Interaction. By means of the checklist it was possible to predict the first three of these five factors. Further studies using the Expert checklist showed that the form could be used in a cross-cultural context. Twenty-two planning professionals, who came from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and South America, participated. A test was also performed to discover if cultural differences would affect the way the built environments were assessed. Additional studies were preformed to expand the usefulness of the Expert checklist by evaluating two recent large-scale housing areas that had been developed and organized as housing exhibitions within southern Sweden. Six experts in the fields of architecture and landscape architecture utilized the checklist to assess these two new and innovative areas.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Finally, the checklist was used in a course for architecture students and the outcome in-dicates that using this tool can enhance the understanding of the students related to the needs of end users, specifically regarding their outdoor environment.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The thesis consists of five studies incorporated into four papers which are all related to the development of the Expert checklist. The five studies have shown that the checklist is a valid and reliable method for assessing the outdoor environment in order to identify essential environmental qualities that individual’s desire as well as a useful tool for teaching architecture students about these qualities.},
  author       = {Tucker Cross, Lisa},
  isbn         = {91-7267-998-0},
  keyword      = {Landskapsarkitektur,Landscape design,POE,outdoor environment,housing exhibitions,housing environments,expert checklist,environmental atmosphere,architectural education,cross-cultural,Physical planning,Fysisk planering},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {143},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x90bc268)},
  title        = {Environmental Atmosphere: Outdoor Environmental Assessments for Design and Education},
  year         = {2004},
}