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The reconfigured body. Human–animal relations in xenotransplantation.

Hansson, Kristofer LU (2011) In Kulturstudier 2(2). p.142-156
Abstract
The article explores issues concerning the reconfiguration of human and animal bodies in modern biotechnology. The examples are based on xenotransplantation: Transplantation of cells, tissue and organs from animals to humans. Three thematic issues that emerged from xenotransplantation research in Sweden in the 1990s and early 2000s are examined in the article. The first issue concerns how the pig was introduced as a donor animal in xenotransplantation and, at the same time, dehumanized in relation to what is human. Baboons and chimpanzees that had previously been used in xenotransplantation now became an ethically problematic choice, and were in stead humanized. The second issue concerns the introduction of transgenic and cloned pigs as... (More)
The article explores issues concerning the reconfiguration of human and animal bodies in modern biotechnology. The examples are based on xenotransplantation: Transplantation of cells, tissue and organs from animals to humans. Three thematic issues that emerged from xenotransplantation research in Sweden in the 1990s and early 2000s are examined in the article. The first issue concerns how the pig was introduced as a donor animal in xenotransplantation and, at the same time, dehumanized in relation to what is human. Baboons and chimpanzees that had previously been used in xenotransplantation now became an ethically problematic choice, and were in stead humanized. The second issue concerns the introduction of transgenic and cloned pigs as commoditized objects. The biotechnological development reconfigured the pig’s cells, tissue and organs to become more human-like. The third issue concerns the risk that pigs contain retrovirus that could infect the transplanted patients. The human body became part of a network of both animal and retrovirus. Boundlessness between human and animal bodies appears in these three thematic phases and is analysed from a cultural perspective. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biotechnology, Body, Animal, Clone, Commodification
in
Kulturstudier
volume
2
issue
2
pages
142 - 156
ISSN
1904-5352
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
65528dd7-a7f5-4049-8e8e-6787dcb74696 (old id 2293549)
alternative location
http://ojs.statsbiblioteket.dk/index.php/fn/article/view/5791/5091
date added to LUP
2012-01-19 22:11:46
date last changed
2016-04-16 07:08:00
@misc{65528dd7-a7f5-4049-8e8e-6787dcb74696,
  abstract     = {The article explores issues concerning the reconfiguration of human and animal bodies in modern biotechnology. The examples are based on xenotransplantation: Transplantation of cells, tissue and organs from animals to humans. Three thematic issues that emerged from xenotransplantation research in Sweden in the 1990s and early 2000s are examined in the article. The first issue concerns how the pig was introduced as a donor animal in xenotransplantation and, at the same time, dehumanized in relation to what is human. Baboons and chimpanzees that had previously been used in xenotransplantation now became an ethically problematic choice, and were in stead humanized. The second issue concerns the introduction of transgenic and cloned pigs as commoditized objects. The biotechnological development reconfigured the pig’s cells, tissue and organs to become more human-like. The third issue concerns the risk that pigs contain retrovirus that could infect the transplanted patients. The human body became part of a network of both animal and retrovirus. Boundlessness between human and animal bodies appears in these three thematic phases and is analysed from a cultural perspective.},
  author       = {Hansson, Kristofer},
  issn         = {1904-5352},
  keyword      = {Biotechnology,Body,Animal,Clone,Commodification},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {142--156},
  series       = {Kulturstudier},
  title        = {The reconfigured body. Human–animal relations in xenotransplantation.},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2011},
}