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Meal patterns across ten European countries – results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study

Huseinovic, E.; Winkvist, A.; Slimani, N.; Park, M. K.; Freisling, H.; Boeing, H.; Buckland, G.; Schwingshackl, L.; Weiderpass, E. and Rostgaard-Hansen, A. L., et al. (2016) In Public Health Nutrition 19(15). p.2769-2780
Abstract

Objective: To characterize meal patterns across ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study. Design: Cross-sectional study utilizing dietary data collected through a standardized 24 h diet recall during 1995–2000. Eleven predefined intake occasions across a 24 h period were assessed during the interview. In the present descriptive report, meal patterns were analysed in terms of daily number of intake occasions, the proportion reporting each intake occasion and the energy contributions from each intake occasion. Setting: Twenty-seven centres across ten European countries. Subjects: Women (64 %) and men (36 %) aged 35–74 years (n 36 020). Results:... (More)

Objective: To characterize meal patterns across ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study. Design: Cross-sectional study utilizing dietary data collected through a standardized 24 h diet recall during 1995–2000. Eleven predefined intake occasions across a 24 h period were assessed during the interview. In the present descriptive report, meal patterns were analysed in terms of daily number of intake occasions, the proportion reporting each intake occasion and the energy contributions from each intake occasion. Setting: Twenty-seven centres across ten European countries. Subjects: Women (64 %) and men (36 %) aged 35–74 years (n 36 020). Results: Pronounced differences in meal patterns emerged both across centres within the same country and across different countries, with a trend for fewer intake occasions per day in Mediterranean countries compared with central and northern Europe. Differences were also found for daily energy intake provided by lunch, with 38–43 % for women and 41–45 % for men within Mediterranean countries compared with 16–27 % for women and 20–26 % for men in central and northern European countries. Likewise, a south–north gradient was found for daily energy intake from snacks, with 13–20 % (women) and 10–17 % (men) in Mediterranean countries compared with 24–34 % (women) and 23–35 % (men) in central/northern Europe. Conclusions: We found distinct differences in meal patterns with marked diversity for intake frequency and lunch and snack consumption between Mediterranean and central/northern European countries. Monitoring of meal patterns across various cultures and populations could provide critical context to the research efforts to characterize relationships between dietary intake and health.

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publication status
published
subject
keywords
24 h dietary recall, Energy intake, EPIC, Intake frequency, Intake occasion, Meal patterns, Meals, Snacks, Standardization
in
Public Health Nutrition
volume
19
issue
15
pages
12 pages
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84969771934
ISSN
1368-9800
DOI
10.1017/S1368980016001142
language
English
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yes
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303250ca-d542-4aa7-a2d3-1790a87a6438
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2016-06-17 17:25:25
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2016-10-28 12:09:53
@misc{303250ca-d542-4aa7-a2d3-1790a87a6438,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: To characterize meal patterns across ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study. Design: Cross-sectional study utilizing dietary data collected through a standardized 24 h diet recall during 1995–2000. Eleven predefined intake occasions across a 24 h period were assessed during the interview. In the present descriptive report, meal patterns were analysed in terms of daily number of intake occasions, the proportion reporting each intake occasion and the energy contributions from each intake occasion. Setting: Twenty-seven centres across ten European countries. Subjects: Women (64 %) and men (36 %) aged 35–74 years (n 36 020). Results: Pronounced differences in meal patterns emerged both across centres within the same country and across different countries, with a trend for fewer intake occasions per day in Mediterranean countries compared with central and northern Europe. Differences were also found for daily energy intake provided by lunch, with 38–43 % for women and 41–45 % for men within Mediterranean countries compared with 16–27 % for women and 20–26 % for men in central and northern European countries. Likewise, a south–north gradient was found for daily energy intake from snacks, with 13–20 % (women) and 10–17 % (men) in Mediterranean countries compared with 24–34 % (women) and 23–35 % (men) in central/northern Europe. Conclusions: We found distinct differences in meal patterns with marked diversity for intake frequency and lunch and snack consumption between Mediterranean and central/northern European countries. Monitoring of meal patterns across various cultures and populations could provide critical context to the research efforts to characterize relationships between dietary intake and health.</p>},
  author       = {Huseinovic, E. and Winkvist, A. and Slimani, N. and Park, M. K. and Freisling, H. and Boeing, H. and Buckland, G. and Schwingshackl, L. and Weiderpass, E. and Rostgaard-Hansen, A. L. and Tjønneland, A. and Affret, A. and Boutron-Ruault, M. C. and Fagherazzi, G. and Katzke, V. and Kühn, T. and Naska, A. and Orfanos, P. and Trichopoulou, A. and Pala, V. and Palli, D. and Ricceri, F. and Santucci de Magistris, M. and Tumino, R. and Engeset, D. and Enget, T. and Skeie, G. and Barricarte, A. and Bonet, C. B. and Chirlaque, M. D. and Amiano, P. and Quirós, J. R. and Sánchez, M. J. and Alves Dias, Joana and Drake, I. and Wennberg, M. and Boer, JMA M A and Ocké, M. C. and Verschuren, WMM M M and Lassale, C. and Perez-Cornago, A. and Riboli, E. and Ward, H. and Forslund, H. Bertéus},
  issn         = {1368-9800},
  keyword      = {24 h dietary recall,Energy intake,EPIC,Intake frequency,Intake occasion,Meal patterns,Meals,Snacks,Standardization},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  number       = {15},
  pages        = {2769--2780},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x7e5f2c8)},
  series       = {Public Health Nutrition},
  title        = {Meal patterns across ten European countries – results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980016001142},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2016},
}