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Crisis and Caring for Inner Selves: Psychiatric Crisis as a Social Classification in Sweden in the 1970s

Hansson, Kristofer LU (2012) In Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research 4. p.499-512
Abstract
This article aims to contribute to the understanding concerning the introduction of crisis psychotherapy in the 1970s in psychiatric clinics in Sweden. The article discusses how this psychotherapy became central in the work of the clinics in supporting patients to well-being and inner growth. The ambition was that patients in an acute crisis-situation would be offered care immediately, aiming at a short and intensive contact with the professionals to avoid hospitalization and long-term sick leave. These ideas were by no means new; in the 1960s, a Western debate had emerged in which the hospitalization in psychiatric clinics had received criticism.

In Sweden, the psychiatrist Johan Cullberg was a key actor during the 1970s in the... (More)
This article aims to contribute to the understanding concerning the introduction of crisis psychotherapy in the 1970s in psychiatric clinics in Sweden. The article discusses how this psychotherapy became central in the work of the clinics in supporting patients to well-being and inner growth. The ambition was that patients in an acute crisis-situation would be offered care immediately, aiming at a short and intensive contact with the professionals to avoid hospitalization and long-term sick leave. These ideas were by no means new; in the 1960s, a Western debate had emerged in which the hospitalization in psychiatric clinics had received criticism.

In Sweden, the psychiatrist Johan Cullberg was a key actor during the 1970s in the introduction of the psychiatric crisis perspectives. Here, his publication ‘The psychic trauma’ from 1971 is analysed. The publication inspired psychiatric clinics to introduce crisis psychotherapy in three different pilot projects. The projects were presented in articles in the Swedish Medical Journal. These articles have also been analysed here. Self-care is highlighted through this material as a concept to be analysed. The question is discussed as to how the concept of the psychiatric crisis initiated and institutionalized a new form of social classification in which the patients were to take more responsibility for their own inner growth. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Psychiatric crisis, crisis psychotherapy, inner growth, self, self-care, social classification, classificatory looping
in
Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research
volume
4
pages
499 - 512
publisher
Linköping University Electronic Press
ISSN
2000-1525
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6708c1fc-0589-4c3a-a3de-a453ff4515bc (old id 3166228)
alternative location
http://www.cultureunbound.ep.liu.se/v4/a26/cu12v4a26.pdf
date added to LUP
2012-11-12 09:01:45
date last changed
2016-04-16 06:37:12
@misc{6708c1fc-0589-4c3a-a3de-a453ff4515bc,
  abstract     = {This article aims to contribute to the understanding concerning the introduction of crisis psychotherapy in the 1970s in psychiatric clinics in Sweden. The article discusses how this psychotherapy became central in the work of the clinics in supporting patients to well-being and inner growth. The ambition was that patients in an acute crisis-situation would be offered care immediately, aiming at a short and intensive contact with the professionals to avoid hospitalization and long-term sick leave. These ideas were by no means new; in the 1960s, a Western debate had emerged in which the hospitalization in psychiatric clinics had received criticism.<br/><br>
In Sweden, the psychiatrist Johan Cullberg was a key actor during the 1970s in the introduction of the psychiatric crisis perspectives. Here, his publication ‘The psychic trauma’ from 1971 is analysed. The publication inspired psychiatric clinics to introduce crisis psychotherapy in three different pilot projects. The projects were presented in articles in the Swedish Medical Journal. These articles have also been analysed here. Self-care is highlighted through this material as a concept to be analysed. The question is discussed as to how the concept of the psychiatric crisis initiated and institutionalized a new form of social classification in which the patients were to take more responsibility for their own inner growth.},
  author       = {Hansson, Kristofer},
  issn         = {2000-1525},
  keyword      = {Psychiatric crisis,crisis psychotherapy,inner growth,self,self-care,social classification,classificatory looping},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {499--512},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x98a6270)},
  series       = {Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research},
  title        = {Crisis and Caring for Inner Selves: Psychiatric Crisis as a Social Classification in Sweden in the 1970s},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2012},
}