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Wash-in kinetics for sevoflurane using a disposable delivery sytem (AnaConDa) in cardiac surgery patients

Walther Sturesson, Louise LU ; Johansson, Anders LU ; Bodelsson, Mikael LU and Malmkvist, Gunnar LU (2009) In Br J Anaesth 102(4). p.470-476
Abstract
Background. The use of volatile anaesthetics has increased in situations where conventional anaesthetic machines are inadequate or unavailable, for example, cardiac surgery and intensive care. The disposable anaesthetic conserving device, AnaConDaw, allows vaporization of liquid volatile anaesthetics from a syringe pump and rebreathing of exhaled anaesthetic. Clinical use requires understanding of device-specific anaesthetic agent kinetics, which are not fully known. We compared the wash-in kinetics for sevoflurane administered by a conventional vaporizer in a non-rebreathing system and the AnaConDaw and evaluated if a standard anaesthesia gas

monitor gave accurate readings while using the AnaConDaw.

Methods. Cardiac... (More)
Background. The use of volatile anaesthetics has increased in situations where conventional anaesthetic machines are inadequate or unavailable, for example, cardiac surgery and intensive care. The disposable anaesthetic conserving device, AnaConDaw, allows vaporization of liquid volatile anaesthetics from a syringe pump and rebreathing of exhaled anaesthetic. Clinical use requires understanding of device-specific anaesthetic agent kinetics, which are not fully known. We compared the wash-in kinetics for sevoflurane administered by a conventional vaporizer in a non-rebreathing system and the AnaConDaw and evaluated if a standard anaesthesia gas

monitor gave accurate readings while using the AnaConDaw.

Methods. Cardiac surgery patients were randomized to maintenance of anaesthesia with sevoflurane either via a vaporizer or via the AnaConDaw (n¼8 in each group). Sevoflurane in arterial blood and airway gas was measured with gas chromatography and standard gas

monitoring.

Results. The initial increase in arterial sevoflurane tension was greater with the vaporizer than with the AnaConDaw, but the time to reach 80% of maximum sevoflurane tension was close to 8 min in both groups. End-tidal sevoflurane tension mirrored arterial tension in both groups, whereas measured inspired tension was lower than expired and arterial tensions with the use of the AnaConDaw.

Conclusions. The wash-in kinetics for sevoflurane delivered by the AnaConDaw are similar to a vaporizer. End-tidal sevoflurane tension accurately reflects arterial tension whereas inspired tension may be underestimated using an AnaConDaw. (Less)
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published
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in
Br J Anaesth
volume
102
issue
4
pages
470 - 476
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dc45a9eb-a4f9-43a0-b4cb-089835c6877d (old id 3513653)
alternative location
http://bja.oxfordjournals.org/content/102/4/470.long
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19244261
date added to LUP
2013-03-06 12:51:07
date last changed
2016-04-16 10:48:59
@misc{dc45a9eb-a4f9-43a0-b4cb-089835c6877d,
  abstract     = {Background. The use of volatile anaesthetics has increased in situations where conventional anaesthetic machines are inadequate or unavailable, for example, cardiac surgery and intensive care. The disposable anaesthetic conserving device, AnaConDaw, allows vaporization of liquid volatile anaesthetics from a syringe pump and rebreathing of exhaled anaesthetic. Clinical use requires understanding of device-specific anaesthetic agent kinetics, which are not fully known. We compared the wash-in kinetics for sevoflurane administered by a conventional vaporizer in a non-rebreathing system and the AnaConDaw and evaluated if a standard anaesthesia gas<br/><br>
monitor gave accurate readings while using the AnaConDaw.<br/><br>
Methods. Cardiac surgery patients were randomized to maintenance of anaesthesia with sevoflurane either via a vaporizer or via the AnaConDaw (n¼8 in each group). Sevoflurane in arterial blood and airway gas was measured with gas chromatography and standard gas<br/><br>
monitoring.<br/><br>
Results. The initial increase in arterial sevoflurane tension was greater with the vaporizer than with the AnaConDaw, but the time to reach 80% of maximum sevoflurane tension was close to 8 min in both groups. End-tidal sevoflurane tension mirrored arterial tension in both groups, whereas measured inspired tension was lower than expired and arterial tensions with the use of the AnaConDaw.<br/><br>
Conclusions. The wash-in kinetics for sevoflurane delivered by the AnaConDaw are similar to a vaporizer. End-tidal sevoflurane tension accurately reflects arterial tension whereas inspired tension may be underestimated using an AnaConDaw.},
  author       = {Walther Sturesson, Louise and Johansson, Anders and Bodelsson, Mikael and Malmkvist, Gunnar},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {470--476},
  series       = {Br J Anaesth},
  title        = {Wash-in kinetics for sevoflurane using a disposable delivery sytem (AnaConDa) in cardiac surgery patients},
  volume       = {102},
  year         = {2009},
}