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Implicit acquisition of tone-suffix connections in L2 learners of Swedish

Schremm, Andrea LU ; Söderström, Pelle LU ; Horne, Merle LU and Roll, Mikael LU (2016) In The Mental Lexicon 11(1). p.55-75
Abstract
Swedish native speakers (NSs) unconsciously use tones realized on word stems to predict upcoming suffixes during speech comprehension. The present response time study investigated whether relatively proficient second language (L2) learners of Swedish have acquired the underlying association between tones and suffixes without explicit instruction, internalizing a feature that is specific to their L2. Learners listened to sentences in which the tone on the verb stem either validly or invalidly cued the following present or past tense inflection. Invalidly cued suffixes led to increased decision latencies in a verb tense identification task, suggesting that learners pre-activated suffixes associated with stem tones in a manner similar to NSs.... (More)
Swedish native speakers (NSs) unconsciously use tones realized on word stems to predict upcoming suffixes during speech comprehension. The present response time study investigated whether relatively proficient second language (L2) learners of Swedish have acquired the underlying association between tones and suffixes without explicit instruction, internalizing a feature that is specific to their L2. Learners listened to sentences in which the tone on the verb stem either validly or invalidly cued the following present or past tense inflection. Invalidly cued suffixes led to increased decision latencies in a verb tense identification task, suggesting that learners pre-activated suffixes associated with stem tones in a manner similar to NSs. Thus, L2 learners seemed to have acquired the tone-suffix connections through implicit mechanisms. Correctly cued suffixes were associated with a smaller processing advantage in the L2 group relative to NSs performing the same task; nevertheless, results suggest a tendency for increasingly native-like tone processing with cumulative language experience. The way suffix type affected response times also indicates exposure-related effects. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
second language acquisition, implicit learning, morphology, word accents, response times
in
The Mental Lexicon
volume
11
issue
1
pages
55 - 75
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84973535630
ISSN
1871-1340
DOI
10.1075/ml.11.1.03sch
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
36f65c98-5bfa-4759-8b90-398180df8b48
date added to LUP
2016-06-17 15:09:20
date last changed
2016-10-13 05:10:15
@misc{36f65c98-5bfa-4759-8b90-398180df8b48,
  abstract     = {Swedish native speakers (NSs) unconsciously use tones realized on word stems to predict upcoming suffixes during speech comprehension. The present response time study investigated whether relatively proficient second language (L2) learners of Swedish have acquired the underlying association between tones and suffixes without explicit instruction, internalizing a feature that is specific to their L2. Learners listened to sentences in which the tone on the verb stem either validly or invalidly cued the following present or past tense inflection. Invalidly cued suffixes led to increased decision latencies in a verb tense identification task, suggesting that learners pre-activated suffixes associated with stem tones in a manner similar to NSs. Thus, L2 learners seemed to have acquired the tone-suffix connections through implicit mechanisms. Correctly cued suffixes were associated with a smaller processing advantage in the L2 group relative to NSs performing the same task; nevertheless, results suggest a tendency for increasingly native-like tone processing with cumulative language experience. The way suffix type affected response times also indicates exposure-related effects.},
  author       = {Schremm, Andrea and Söderström, Pelle and Horne, Merle and Roll, Mikael},
  issn         = {1871-1340},
  keyword      = {second language acquisition,implicit learning,morphology,word accents,response times},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {55--75},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x79426b8)},
  series       = {The Mental Lexicon},
  title        = {Implicit acquisition of tone-suffix connections in L2 learners of Swedish},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/ml.11.1.03sch},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2016},
}