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Employing validation and verification tests as an integral part of evacuation model development.

Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Nilsson, Daniel LU ; Zechlin, Oliver; Klein, Wolfram and Mayer, Hermann (2013) International Interflam Conference, Interflam 2013 In Thirteenth International Interflam Conference p.979-990
Abstract
The definition of Validation and Verification (V&V) tests for analysing evacuation model capabilities is the object of a large debate among researchers given the lack of an international standard. Four main types of tests have been reported in the literature, 1) component testing, 2) functional verification, 3) qualitative verification and 4) quantitative validation. An important issue relates to the stage in which the V&V procedure is employed. In fact, the listed four forms of V&V can be performed in two different stages, namely 1) after the model is built or 2) as an integral part of the model building process. The present study presents an example of the second strategy, i.e., the use of the V&V tests as an integral... (More)
The definition of Validation and Verification (V&V) tests for analysing evacuation model capabilities is the object of a large debate among researchers given the lack of an international standard. Four main types of tests have been reported in the literature, 1) component testing, 2) functional verification, 3) qualitative verification and 4) quantitative validation. An important issue relates to the stage in which the V&V procedure is employed. In fact, the listed four forms of V&V can be performed in two different stages, namely 1) after the model is built or 2) as an integral part of the model building process. The present study presents an example of the second strategy, i.e., the use of the V&V tests as an integral part of the model building process. Examples are made in order to demonstrate the need for dedicated tests in relation to the type of model when adopting this strategy. A set of experimental data collected at the Department of Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety at Lund University (Sweden) has been employed to evaluate the capabilities of an evacuation model and provide guidance on its development. This was possible performing V&V tests for which experimental data are generally scarce, i.e. quantitative validation. Results are used to identify the advantages deriving from the use of quantitative validation tests during the design stage of a model and assess some of the key aspects that need to be addressed in models which are not included in current V&V tests/procedures. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
fire safety engineering, human behaviour in fire, Validation and verification, Evacuation modelling
in
Thirteenth International Interflam Conference
pages
979 - 990
publisher
Interscience Communications
conference name
International Interflam Conference, Interflam 2013
ISBN
978-0-9556548-9-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
30ff64ad-c3cb-4142-b3a9-243d501f1100 (old id 3915052)
date added to LUP
2013-08-01 13:03:34
date last changed
2016-07-11 15:26:57
@misc{30ff64ad-c3cb-4142-b3a9-243d501f1100,
  abstract     = {The definition of Validation and Verification (V&V) tests for analysing evacuation model capabilities is the object of a large debate among researchers given the lack of an international standard. Four main types of tests have been reported in the literature, 1) component testing, 2) functional verification, 3) qualitative verification and 4) quantitative validation. An important issue relates to the stage in which the V&V procedure is employed. In fact, the listed four forms of V&V can be performed in two different stages, namely 1) after the model is built or 2) as an integral part of the model building process. The present study presents an example of the second strategy, i.e., the use of the V&V tests as an integral part of the model building process. Examples are made in order to demonstrate the need for dedicated tests in relation to the type of model when adopting this strategy. A set of experimental data collected at the Department of Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety at Lund University (Sweden) has been employed to evaluate the capabilities of an evacuation model and provide guidance on its development. This was possible performing V&V tests for which experimental data are generally scarce, i.e. quantitative validation. Results are used to identify the advantages deriving from the use of quantitative validation tests during the design stage of a model and assess some of the key aspects that need to be addressed in models which are not included in current V&V tests/procedures.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Nilsson, Daniel and Zechlin, Oliver and Klein, Wolfram and Mayer, Hermann},
  isbn         = {978-0-9556548-9-3},
  keyword      = {fire safety engineering,human behaviour in fire,Validation and verification,Evacuation modelling},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {979--990},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xa86b3e0)},
  series       = {Thirteenth International Interflam Conference},
  title        = {Employing validation and verification tests as an integral part of evacuation model development.},
  year         = {2013},
}