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Forest Owners' Response to Climate Change : University Education Trumps Value Profile

Blennow, Kristina LU ; Persson, Johannes LU ; Persson, Erik LU and Hanewinkel, Marc (2016) In PLoS One 11(5).
Abstract
Do forest owners’ levels of education or value profiles explain their responses to climate change? The cultural cognition thesis (CCT) has cast serious doubt on the familiar and often criticized "knowledge deficit" model, which says that laypeople are less concerned about climate change because they lack scientific knowledge. Advocates of CCT maintain that citizens with the highest degrees of scientific literacy and numeracy are not the most concerned about climate change. Rather, this is the group in which cultural polarization is greatest, and thus individuals with more limited scientific literacy and numeracy are more concerned about climate change under certain circumstances than those with higher scientific literacy and numeracy. The... (More)
Do forest owners’ levels of education or value profiles explain their responses to climate change? The cultural cognition thesis (CCT) has cast serious doubt on the familiar and often criticized "knowledge deficit" model, which says that laypeople are less concerned about climate change because they lack scientific knowledge. Advocates of CCT maintain that citizens with the highest degrees of scientific literacy and numeracy are not the most concerned about climate change. Rather, this is the group in which cultural polarization is greatest, and thus individuals with more limited scientific literacy and numeracy are more concerned about climate change under certain circumstances than those with higher scientific literacy and numeracy. The CCT predicts that cultural and other values will trump the positive effects of education on some forest owners' attitudes to climate change. Here, using survey data collected in 2010 from 766 private forest owners in Sweden and Germany, we provide the first evidence that perceptions of climate change risk are uncorrelated with, or sometimes positively correlated with, education level and can be explained without reference to cultural or other values. We conclude that the recent claim that advanced scientific literacy and numeracy polarizes perceptions of climate change risk is unsupported by the forest owner data. In neither of the two countries was university education found to reduce the perception of risk from climate change. Indeed in most cases university education increased the perception of risk. Even more importantly, the effect of university education was not dependent on the individuals' value profile. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
climate change response, forest management, Risk perception, risk communication, education and cultural values
in
PLoS One
volume
11
issue
5
pages
13 pages
publisher
Public Library of Science
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84971451909
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0155137
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3ed57d94-4433-4ed6-bd1b-4b886d415132
date added to LUP
2016-05-26 17:22:09
date last changed
2016-10-13 05:09:29
@misc{3ed57d94-4433-4ed6-bd1b-4b886d415132,
  abstract     = {Do forest owners’ levels of education or value profiles explain their responses to climate change? The cultural cognition thesis (CCT) has cast serious doubt on the familiar and often criticized "knowledge deficit" model, which says that laypeople are less concerned about climate change because they lack scientific knowledge. Advocates of CCT maintain that citizens with the highest degrees of scientific literacy and numeracy are not the most concerned about climate change. Rather, this is the group in which cultural polarization is greatest, and thus individuals with more limited scientific literacy and numeracy are more concerned about climate change under certain circumstances than those with higher scientific literacy and numeracy. The CCT predicts that cultural and other values will trump the positive effects of education on some forest owners' attitudes to climate change. Here, using survey data collected in 2010 from 766 private forest owners in Sweden and Germany, we provide the first evidence that perceptions of climate change risk are uncorrelated with, or sometimes positively correlated with, education level and can be explained without reference to cultural or other values. We conclude that the recent claim that advanced scientific literacy and numeracy polarizes perceptions of climate change risk is unsupported by the forest owner data. In neither of the two countries was university education found to reduce the perception of risk from climate change. Indeed in most cases university education increased the perception of risk. Even more importantly, the effect of university education was not dependent on the individuals' value profile.},
  author       = {Blennow, Kristina and Persson, Johannes and Persson, Erik and Hanewinkel, Marc},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  keyword      = {climate change response,forest management,Risk perception,risk communication,education and cultural values},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {13},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x909f7e0)},
  series       = {PLoS One},
  title        = {Forest Owners' Response to Climate Change : University Education Trumps Value Profile},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0155137},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2016},
}