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Helicobacter pylori infection in a mouse model: Development, optimization and inhibitory effects of antioxidants

Wang, Xin LU (2001)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Helicobacter pylori är en spiralformad Gramnegativ human-specifik patogen, som kan penetrera magsäckens slemlager och kolonisera epitelskiktet. H. pylori infektion är en högriskfaktor för utvecklandet av kronisk gastrit, magsår och ventrikelcancer. Både aktivt växande spiralformer av H. pylori och dess runda viloformer framkallar kronisk magkatarr (gastrit) i BALB/cA möss och orsakar ett immunologiskt svar med antikroppsbildning. Preliminära försök visade att infektionen påverkades starkt av den diet som djuren utfordrades med. En diet utan fiskmjöl gav den starkaste inflammationen och gastritbilden vid mikroskopisk undersökning. Infektion med en blandning av nio olika H. pylori stammar visade... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Helicobacter pylori är en spiralformad Gramnegativ human-specifik patogen, som kan penetrera magsäckens slemlager och kolonisera epitelskiktet. H. pylori infektion är en högriskfaktor för utvecklandet av kronisk gastrit, magsår och ventrikelcancer. Både aktivt växande spiralformer av H. pylori och dess runda viloformer framkallar kronisk magkatarr (gastrit) i BALB/cA möss och orsakar ett immunologiskt svar med antikroppsbildning. Preliminära försök visade att infektionen påverkades starkt av den diet som djuren utfordrades med. En diet utan fiskmjöl gav den starkaste inflammationen och gastritbilden vid mikroskopisk undersökning. Infektion med en blandning av nio olika H. pylori stammar visade att en stam, 119/95, oftast snabbt konkurrerade ut övriga stammar. Denna stam har därför utvalts för vidare studier. I en annan musstam framkallade den kroniska infektionen ofta en specifik tumör, s.k. MALT- lymfom, medan djuren ej utvecklade magcancer, som är en vanligare H. pylori-associerad tumörform hos människa. H. pylori-infektion framkallar bildning av fria syreradikaler, som kan neutraliseras av antioxidantia såsom vitamin C. I ett senare försök visades att såväl vitamin C som astaxantin (en annan potent antioxidantia) kunde hämma infektionen och inflammationen. Dessa lovande resultat utnyttjas nu till att ta fram en ny behandlingsprincip för H. pylori- framkallad magkatarr hos människa. Slutligen har immunologiska studier i möss och på muslymfocyter visat att astaxantin framkallar en förändrad balans i de två huvudpopulationerna av dessa celler, vilket troligen underlättar för immunapparaten att utrota infektionen. Denna upptäckt kan förklara varför en obehandlad H. pylori-infektion utvecklas till en kronisk infektion med följdsjukdomar som magsår, MALT-lymfom och magcancer. (Less)
Abstract
Helicobacter pylori is a human pathogen strongly associated with chronic type B gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric cancer and MALT lymphoma. Our aims were to establish a mouse model of H. pylori infection, to study pathogenesis of gastritis and gastric cancer and to investigate new treatment strategies in this model. Both spiral and coccoid forms of H. pylori strains 17874, 25 and 553/93 caused chronic gastritis in BALB/cA mice during 30 weeks of infection. Infection with strain 553/93 displayed the most severe gastritis. Specific antibodies were detected using ELISA and immunoblot in mice infected with H. pylori following 4 weeks for 17874 spirals, and 16 weeks for 17874 coccoids, and both sprials and coccoids of two other strains.... (More)
Helicobacter pylori is a human pathogen strongly associated with chronic type B gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric cancer and MALT lymphoma. Our aims were to establish a mouse model of H. pylori infection, to study pathogenesis of gastritis and gastric cancer and to investigate new treatment strategies in this model. Both spiral and coccoid forms of H. pylori strains 17874, 25 and 553/93 caused chronic gastritis in BALB/cA mice during 30 weeks of infection. Infection with strain 553/93 displayed the most severe gastritis. Specific antibodies were detected using ELISA and immunoblot in mice infected with H. pylori following 4 weeks for 17874 spirals, and 16 weeks for 17874 coccoids, and both sprials and coccoids of two other strains. Dietary factors influenced the abilities to recover H. pylori from the infected mice through culture. One diet, without fish meal and heated at 140-150oC, gave the optimal H. pylori colonization and highest inflammation score in murine stomach among 4 commercial rodent diets tested. The changes were most dramatic (100% to 10-20% infection rate) when the infection was carried out in animals already fed on a specific diet. A H. pylori strain 119/95 (CagA and VacA positive) was found to predominate (90.5%) in the murine stomach from inocula containing nine H. pylori strains by RAPD-PCR among 577 colonies recovered from mice. C57BL/6 and BALB/cA mice showed higher inflammation scores than CBA/Ca or NMRI mice at 4 and/or 10 weeks post-inoculation. Subsequently C57BL/6 mice (n=5) inoculated with a H. pylori mouse passaged strain 119/95 developed a gastric squamous cell papilloma after 13 months. Three out of five animals developed high-grade B-cell lymphoma derived from a MALT lymphoma at the squamous-corpus border with manifestations also in the liver, spleen and kidney. An astaxanthin-rich algal meal from the microalga Hamatococcus pluvialis and vitamin C inhibit H. pylori growth at 0.3125 to 2.5 mg/ml (astaxanthin content, 6.25 to 50 mg/ml) and 0.5 to 2 mg/ml in vitro respectively. Furthermore, these antioxidants decreased the gastric colonization and inflammation significantly in infected BALB/cA mice. The effect on inhibition of H. pylori infection by the astaxanthin-rich algal meal was found to occur simultaneously with a modulation H. pylori-induced T-lymphocyte response, switching from a Th1- to a Th1/Th2-response. These studies illustrate that H. pylori can induce chronic gastritis and gastric lymphoma in an optimized mouse model. Dietary factors influence H. pylori infection and antioxidants may become a new treatment strategy against H. pylori infection in humans. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Associate professor Norin, Elisabeth, Microbiology and Tumor Biology Center (MTC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
virology, bacteriology, Microbiology, mice, Helicobacter pylori, gastritis, lymphoma, antioxidant, diet, Th1 and Th2, cytokines, mycology, Mikrobiologi, bakteriologi, virologi, mykologi
pages
128 pages
publisher
Xin Wang, Dept. of Med. Microbiol., Dermatol. & Infect., Lund University, Sölvegatan 23, S-223 62 Lund, Sweden,
defense location
Rune Grubb Salen, BMC
defense date
2001-10-12 13:15
ISBN
91-628-4864-X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5e2d1839-ff82-49a9-837f-df74ddb3a816 (old id 41787)
date added to LUP
2007-07-31 14:49:17
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:09
@misc{5e2d1839-ff82-49a9-837f-df74ddb3a816,
  abstract     = {Helicobacter pylori is a human pathogen strongly associated with chronic type B gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric cancer and MALT lymphoma. Our aims were to establish a mouse model of H. pylori infection, to study pathogenesis of gastritis and gastric cancer and to investigate new treatment strategies in this model. Both spiral and coccoid forms of H. pylori strains 17874, 25 and 553/93 caused chronic gastritis in BALB/cA mice during 30 weeks of infection. Infection with strain 553/93 displayed the most severe gastritis. Specific antibodies were detected using ELISA and immunoblot in mice infected with H. pylori following 4 weeks for 17874 spirals, and 16 weeks for 17874 coccoids, and both sprials and coccoids of two other strains. Dietary factors influenced the abilities to recover H. pylori from the infected mice through culture. One diet, without fish meal and heated at 140-150oC, gave the optimal H. pylori colonization and highest inflammation score in murine stomach among 4 commercial rodent diets tested. The changes were most dramatic (100% to 10-20% infection rate) when the infection was carried out in animals already fed on a specific diet. A H. pylori strain 119/95 (CagA and VacA positive) was found to predominate (90.5%) in the murine stomach from inocula containing nine H. pylori strains by RAPD-PCR among 577 colonies recovered from mice. C57BL/6 and BALB/cA mice showed higher inflammation scores than CBA/Ca or NMRI mice at 4 and/or 10 weeks post-inoculation. Subsequently C57BL/6 mice (n=5) inoculated with a H. pylori mouse passaged strain 119/95 developed a gastric squamous cell papilloma after 13 months. Three out of five animals developed high-grade B-cell lymphoma derived from a MALT lymphoma at the squamous-corpus border with manifestations also in the liver, spleen and kidney. An astaxanthin-rich algal meal from the microalga Hamatococcus pluvialis and vitamin C inhibit H. pylori growth at 0.3125 to 2.5 mg/ml (astaxanthin content, 6.25 to 50 mg/ml) and 0.5 to 2 mg/ml in vitro respectively. Furthermore, these antioxidants decreased the gastric colonization and inflammation significantly in infected BALB/cA mice. The effect on inhibition of H. pylori infection by the astaxanthin-rich algal meal was found to occur simultaneously with a modulation H. pylori-induced T-lymphocyte response, switching from a Th1- to a Th1/Th2-response. These studies illustrate that H. pylori can induce chronic gastritis and gastric lymphoma in an optimized mouse model. Dietary factors influence H. pylori infection and antioxidants may become a new treatment strategy against H. pylori infection in humans.},
  author       = {Wang, Xin},
  isbn         = {91-628-4864-X},
  keyword      = {virology,bacteriology,Microbiology,mice,Helicobacter pylori,gastritis,lymphoma,antioxidant,diet,Th1 and Th2,cytokines,mycology,Mikrobiologi,bakteriologi,virologi,mykologi},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {128},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x94c99f0)},
  title        = {Helicobacter pylori infection in a mouse model: Development, optimization and inhibitory effects of antioxidants},
  year         = {2001},
}