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Fighting infectious disease: Evidence from Sweden 1870-1940

Lazuka, Volha LU ; Quaranta, Luciana LU and Bengtsson, Tommy LU (2016) In Population and Development Review 42(1). p.27-52
Abstract
Even more than in developing countries today, public health strategies to fight infectious disease in the past focused on the prevention of new infections by stopping their spread. These strategies were motivated by new insights into the causes of disease and the modes of transmission in the mid-nineteenth century. By combining longitudinal individual-level data on 17,000 children in a rural/semi-urban region in southern Sweden with local community data on public health investments, we explore the effects of the establishment of isolation hospitals and improved midwifery on mortality before age 15. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find that the establishment of isolation hospitals in the mid-1890s was successful in reducing... (More)
Even more than in developing countries today, public health strategies to fight infectious disease in the past focused on the prevention of new infections by stopping their spread. These strategies were motivated by new insights into the causes of disease and the modes of transmission in the mid-nineteenth century. By combining longitudinal individual-level data on 17,000 children in a rural/semi-urban region in southern Sweden with local community data on public health investments, we explore the effects of the establishment of isolation hospitals and improved midwifery on mortality before age 15. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find that the establishment of isolation hospitals in the mid-1890s was successful in reducing child mortality, while increases in the number of qualified midwives after the 1900s led to a decrease in infant mortality. In both cases, rates fell by more than 50 percent. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Population and Development Review
volume
42
issue
1
pages
26 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • WOS:000374046200002
  • Scopus:84962638029
ISSN
1728-4457
DOI
10.1111/j.1728-4457.2016.00108.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4f6e2940-a412-4c94-8556-3799187f6336
date added to LUP
2016-04-11 20:16:50
date last changed
2016-10-13 05:05:58
@misc{4f6e2940-a412-4c94-8556-3799187f6336,
  abstract     = {Even more than in developing countries today, public health strategies to fight infectious disease in the past focused on the prevention of new infections by stopping their spread. These strategies were motivated by new insights into the causes of disease and the modes of transmission in the mid-nineteenth century. By combining longitudinal individual-level data on 17,000 children in a rural/semi-urban region in southern Sweden with local community data on public health investments, we explore the effects of the establishment of isolation hospitals and improved midwifery on mortality before age 15. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find that the establishment of isolation hospitals in the mid-1890s was successful in reducing child mortality, while increases in the number of qualified midwives after the 1900s led to a decrease in infant mortality. In both cases, rates fell by more than 50 percent.},
  author       = {Lazuka, Volha and Quaranta, Luciana and Bengtsson, Tommy},
  issn         = {1728-4457},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {27--52},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9c43168)},
  series       = {Population and Development Review},
  title        = {Fighting infectious disease: Evidence from Sweden 1870-1940},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2016.00108.x},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2016},
}