Advanced

The Person as a Focus for Research – The Contributions of Windelband, Stern, Allport, Lamiell, and Magnusson

Lundh, Lars-Gunnar LU (2015) In Journal for Person-Oriented Research 1(1-2). p.15-33
Abstract
At the end of the 19th century, Wilhelm Windelband proposed a distinction between nomothetic and idiographic re-search, which became highly relevant for the discussion of the nature of psychological science. During the 20th cen-tury, a number of writers (including William Stern, Gordon Allport, James Lamiell and David Magnusson) have criti-cized the focus on variables rather than persons, and populations rather than individuals, which has characterized much of psychological research. As a corrective, they have argued for the importance of various forms of idiograph-ic or person-oriented research. The main purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss some of the arguments put forward by these writers, both with regard to their... (More)
At the end of the 19th century, Wilhelm Windelband proposed a distinction between nomothetic and idiographic re-search, which became highly relevant for the discussion of the nature of psychological science. During the 20th cen-tury, a number of writers (including William Stern, Gordon Allport, James Lamiell and David Magnusson) have criti-cized the focus on variables rather than persons, and populations rather than individuals, which has characterized much of psychological research. As a corrective, they have argued for the importance of various forms of idiograph-ic or person-oriented research. The main purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss some of the arguments put forward by these writers, both with regard to their conceptualization of the person and with regard to how they pic-ture idiographic or person-oriented research. A preliminary classification is suggested of different varieties of idio-graphic and person-oriented research, which differ in terms of how they relate to nomothetic research, and whether they focus on variables or on patterns. It is suggested that the contrast between variable- and person-oriented re-search may be dissolved into two different contrasts: (a) individual- versus population-focused research, and (b) variable- versus pattern-focused research. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
the concept of person, idiographic, nomothetic, psychography, traits, personal dispositions, idiothetic, holism, inter-actionism, dynamic system, person-oriented research
in
Journal for Person-Oriented Research
volume
1
issue
1-2
pages
15 - 33
publisher
Scandinavian Society for Person-Oriented Research
ISSN
2002-0244
DOI
10.17505/jpor.2015.03
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0ef2e626-5ec2-4bec-8ed6-4aae22365d89 (old id 5052402)
date added to LUP
2015-02-27 08:57:14
date last changed
2016-04-16 06:49:13
@misc{0ef2e626-5ec2-4bec-8ed6-4aae22365d89,
  abstract     = {At the end of the 19th century, Wilhelm Windelband proposed a distinction between nomothetic and idiographic re-search, which became highly relevant for the discussion of the nature of psychological science. During the 20th cen-tury, a number of writers (including William Stern, Gordon Allport, James Lamiell and David Magnusson) have criti-cized the focus on variables rather than persons, and populations rather than individuals, which has characterized much of psychological research. As a corrective, they have argued for the importance of various forms of idiograph-ic or person-oriented research. The main purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss some of the arguments put forward by these writers, both with regard to their conceptualization of the person and with regard to how they pic-ture idiographic or person-oriented research. A preliminary classification is suggested of different varieties of idio-graphic and person-oriented research, which differ in terms of how they relate to nomothetic research, and whether they focus on variables or on patterns. It is suggested that the contrast between variable- and person-oriented re-search may be dissolved into two different contrasts: (a) individual- versus population-focused research, and (b) variable- versus pattern-focused research.},
  author       = {Lundh, Lars-Gunnar},
  issn         = {2002-0244},
  keyword      = {the concept of person,idiographic,nomothetic,psychography,traits,personal dispositions,idiothetic,holism,inter-actionism,dynamic system,person-oriented research},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {15--33},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9902120)},
  series       = {Journal for Person-Oriented Research},
  title        = {The Person as a Focus for Research – The Contributions of Windelband, Stern, Allport, Lamiell, and Magnusson},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.17505/jpor.2015.03},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2015},
}