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Biologically Interesting Compounds from Natural Sources.

de la Parra, Veronica LU (2006)
Abstract
Natural products have traditionally played a major role in the drug discovery process. Besides constituting extremely popular drugs in the market, and an ever-increasing source of interesting and novel chemical structures, they have also aided the characterization of many a pharmacological target. And although natural product-oriented research has suffered from a declining interest from the pharmaceutical companies, this thesis shows how compounds isolated from different natural sources can still constitute interesting leads for future drug development, while aiding a better understanding of the nature of the interaction between different pharmacological targets and their agonists.



To this effect, this thesis first... (More)
Natural products have traditionally played a major role in the drug discovery process. Besides constituting extremely popular drugs in the market, and an ever-increasing source of interesting and novel chemical structures, they have also aided the characterization of many a pharmacological target. And although natural product-oriented research has suffered from a declining interest from the pharmaceutical companies, this thesis shows how compounds isolated from different natural sources can still constitute interesting leads for future drug development, while aiding a better understanding of the nature of the interaction between different pharmacological targets and their agonists.



To this effect, this thesis first describes the isolation and structural elucidation of four new terpenoid compounds from fermentation broths produced by an Ascomycete fungus. Two of these compounds exhibit potent cytotoxic properties, related to their ability to affect protein, RNA and DNA synthesis.



Further on, the pharmacological characterization of the vasorelaxing activity of allyl mercaptan, the major metabolite of garlic, as well as of some of its chemical derivatives is described. The active compounds are able to excite primary sensory neurons and appear to activate members of the transient receptor potential channel family TRPA1. The results highlight the importance of both an allyl moiety and a thiol group in order to retain the activity.



Finally, the isolation and structural elucidation of three new sesquiterpenes and a new pyridinium alkaloid from an extract of Cacalia decomposita, a Mexican plant traditionally used against diabetes, is described. Of these, 13-hydroxy-14-angeloyloxy-1,2-dehydrocacalol is a strong agonist of a GPR40, a G-protein coupled receptor, which appears to have an important role in the development of diabetes mellitus type II. (Less)
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • Prof. Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Organisk Kemi, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
cytotoxicity, Natural products, terpenoids, vasorelaxant activity, allylmercaptane, diabetes mellitus type II, Organisk kemi, Organic chemistry, Cacalia decomposita, GPR40 receptor, TRP channel
pages
70 pages
publisher
Organic Chemistry, Lund University
defense location
Kemicentrum, Sal B
defense date
2006-11-24 13:30
ISBN
978-91-628-6996-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3d98ec42-f374-4508-b700-a332acd619d3 (old id 547489)
date added to LUP
2007-10-13 11:31:51
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:11
@misc{3d98ec42-f374-4508-b700-a332acd619d3,
  abstract     = {Natural products have traditionally played a major role in the drug discovery process. Besides constituting extremely popular drugs in the market, and an ever-increasing source of interesting and novel chemical structures, they have also aided the characterization of many a pharmacological target. And although natural product-oriented research has suffered from a declining interest from the pharmaceutical companies, this thesis shows how compounds isolated from different natural sources can still constitute interesting leads for future drug development, while aiding a better understanding of the nature of the interaction between different pharmacological targets and their agonists.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
To this effect, this thesis first describes the isolation and structural elucidation of four new terpenoid compounds from fermentation broths produced by an Ascomycete fungus. Two of these compounds exhibit potent cytotoxic properties, related to their ability to affect protein, RNA and DNA synthesis.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Further on, the pharmacological characterization of the vasorelaxing activity of allyl mercaptan, the major metabolite of garlic, as well as of some of its chemical derivatives is described. The active compounds are able to excite primary sensory neurons and appear to activate members of the transient receptor potential channel family TRPA1. The results highlight the importance of both an allyl moiety and a thiol group in order to retain the activity.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Finally, the isolation and structural elucidation of three new sesquiterpenes and a new pyridinium alkaloid from an extract of Cacalia decomposita, a Mexican plant traditionally used against diabetes, is described. Of these, 13-hydroxy-14-angeloyloxy-1,2-dehydrocacalol is a strong agonist of a GPR40, a G-protein coupled receptor, which appears to have an important role in the development of diabetes mellitus type II.},
  author       = {de la Parra, Veronica},
  isbn         = {978-91-628-6996-0},
  keyword      = {cytotoxicity,Natural products,terpenoids,vasorelaxant activity,allylmercaptane,diabetes mellitus type II,Organisk kemi,Organic chemistry,Cacalia decomposita,GPR40 receptor,TRP channel},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {70},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x8177380)},
  title        = {Biologically Interesting Compounds from Natural Sources.},
  year         = {2006},
}