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Transport Phenomena in Fires

Faghri, M. and Sundén, Bengt LU (2007) In Developments in Heat Transfer,
Abstract
Controlled fires are beneficial for the generation of heat and power while uncontrolled fires, like fire incidents and wildfires, are detrimental and can cause enormous material damage and human suffering. Transport phenomena such as buoyant flow, momentum, convective heat and mass transfer as well as chemical reactions between combustible species and oxygen from the surrounding air play important turbulent mixing are important to the mechanism of flame heat transfer that govern fire release rates. The mechanisms of ignition, flame spread, steady burning flame extinction and smoke transport all need to be considered in fire modelling. In addition, temperature-dependent properties are important factors for consideration. For uncontrolled... (More)
Controlled fires are beneficial for the generation of heat and power while uncontrolled fires, like fire incidents and wildfires, are detrimental and can cause enormous material damage and human suffering. Transport phenomena such as buoyant flow, momentum, convective heat and mass transfer as well as chemical reactions between combustible species and oxygen from the surrounding air play important turbulent mixing are important to the mechanism of flame heat transfer that govern fire release rates. The mechanisms of ignition, flame spread, steady burning flame extinction and smoke transport all need to be considered in fire modelling. In addition, temperature-dependent properties are important factors for consideration. For uncontrolled fires, the evolution in time is of great concern.

This edited book presents the state of the art of modelling and numerical simulation of the important transport phenomena in fires. It describes how computational procedures can be used in analysis and design of fire protection and fire safety. Computational fluid dynamics, turbulence modelling, combustion, soot formation, thermal radiation modelling are demonstrated and applied to pool fires, flame spread, wildfires, fires in buildings and other examples.



All of the chapters follow a unified outline and presentation to aid accessibility and the book provides invaluable information for both graduate researchers and R&D engineers in industry and consultancy. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Book/Report
publication status
in press
subject
in
Developments in Heat Transfer,
publisher
WIT Press
ISBN
978-184564-160-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2e23833e-26a4-438e-b379-477231e88ab2 (old id 589969)
date added to LUP
2008-02-26 14:33:59
date last changed
2016-10-11 08:46:42
@misc{2e23833e-26a4-438e-b379-477231e88ab2,
  abstract     = {Controlled fires are beneficial for the generation of heat and power while uncontrolled fires, like fire incidents and wildfires, are detrimental and can cause enormous material damage and human suffering. Transport phenomena such as buoyant flow, momentum, convective heat and mass transfer as well as chemical reactions between combustible species and oxygen from the surrounding air play important turbulent mixing are important to the mechanism of flame heat transfer that govern fire release rates. The mechanisms of ignition, flame spread, steady burning flame extinction and smoke transport all need to be considered in fire modelling. In addition, temperature-dependent properties are important factors for consideration. For uncontrolled fires, the evolution in time is of great concern.<br/><br>
This edited book presents the state of the art of modelling and numerical simulation of the important transport phenomena in fires. It describes how computational procedures can be used in analysis and design of fire protection and fire safety. Computational fluid dynamics, turbulence modelling, combustion, soot formation, thermal radiation modelling are demonstrated and applied to pool fires, flame spread, wildfires, fires in buildings and other examples.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
All of the chapters follow a unified outline and presentation to aid accessibility and the book provides invaluable information for both graduate researchers and R&amp;D engineers in industry and consultancy.},
  author       = {Faghri, M. and Sundén, Bengt},
  isbn         = {978-184564-160-3},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9057ac8)},
  series       = {Developments in Heat Transfer,},
  title        = {Transport Phenomena in Fires},
  year         = {2007},
}