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Bioinspired materials for water purification

Gonzalez-Perez, Alfredo and Persson, Kenneth M. LU (2016) In Materials 9(6).
Abstract

Water scarcity issues associated with inadequate access to clean water and sanitation is a ubiquitous problem occurring globally. Addressing future challenges will require a combination of new technological development in water purification and environmental remediation technology with suitable conservation policies. In this scenario, new bioinspired materials will play a pivotal role in the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly solutions. The role of amphiphilic self-assembly on the fabrication of new biomimetic membranes for membrane separation like reverse osmosis is emphasized. Mesoporous support materials for semiconductor growth in the photocatalytic degradation of pollutants and new carriers for... (More)

Water scarcity issues associated with inadequate access to clean water and sanitation is a ubiquitous problem occurring globally. Addressing future challenges will require a combination of new technological development in water purification and environmental remediation technology with suitable conservation policies. In this scenario, new bioinspired materials will play a pivotal role in the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly solutions. The role of amphiphilic self-assembly on the fabrication of new biomimetic membranes for membrane separation like reverse osmosis is emphasized. Mesoporous support materials for semiconductor growth in the photocatalytic degradation of pollutants and new carriers for immobilization of bacteria in bioreactors are used in the removal and processing of different kind of water pollutants like heavy metals. Obstacles to improve and optimize the fabrication as well as a better understanding of their performance in small-scale and pilot purification systems need to be addressed. However, it is expected that these new biomimetic materials will find their way into the current water purification technologies to improve their purification/removal performance in a cost-effective and environmentally friendly way.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Advanced oxidation processes, Artificial biofilms, Bioinspired materials, Biomimetic membranes, Bioreactors, Block copolymers, Environmental remediation, Liquid crystals, Mesoporous materials, Self-assembly, Water purification
in
Materials
volume
9
issue
6
publisher
MDPI Ag
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84975704404
ISSN
1996-1944
DOI
10.3390/ma9060447
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5de51b93-807d-4d34-a46f-c3f711ed2949
date added to LUP
2016-07-08 09:43:26
date last changed
2016-11-14 12:48:19
@misc{5de51b93-807d-4d34-a46f-c3f711ed2949,
  abstract     = {<p>Water scarcity issues associated with inadequate access to clean water and sanitation is a ubiquitous problem occurring globally. Addressing future challenges will require a combination of new technological development in water purification and environmental remediation technology with suitable conservation policies. In this scenario, new bioinspired materials will play a pivotal role in the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly solutions. The role of amphiphilic self-assembly on the fabrication of new biomimetic membranes for membrane separation like reverse osmosis is emphasized. Mesoporous support materials for semiconductor growth in the photocatalytic degradation of pollutants and new carriers for immobilization of bacteria in bioreactors are used in the removal and processing of different kind of water pollutants like heavy metals. Obstacles to improve and optimize the fabrication as well as a better understanding of their performance in small-scale and pilot purification systems need to be addressed. However, it is expected that these new biomimetic materials will find their way into the current water purification technologies to improve their purification/removal performance in a cost-effective and environmentally friendly way.</p>},
  author       = {Gonzalez-Perez, Alfredo and Persson, Kenneth M.},
  issn         = {1996-1944},
  keyword      = {Advanced oxidation processes,Artificial biofilms,Bioinspired materials,Biomimetic membranes,Bioreactors,Block copolymers,Environmental remediation,Liquid crystals,Mesoporous materials,Self-assembly,Water purification},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  number       = {6},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9bf8d90)},
  series       = {Materials},
  title        = {Bioinspired materials for water purification},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma9060447},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2016},
}