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Biomass Utilisation and Transportation Demands

Gustavsson, Leif LU and Börjesson, Pål LU (1996) In Renewable Energy 9(1-4). p.1037-1040
Abstract
The need for biomass transportation depends on the balance between locally produced biomass and the local demand for fuel. In Sweden, more than 80% of the biomass assumed to be required to replace fossil fuels for the production of electricity and heat can be produced locally within each county, if biomass is extensively utilised. The average transportation distance of the remaining 20% will be between 100 and 200 km, which increases the cost of this biomass by 15–20%. Considering a yearly biomass potential of 430 PJ, based on estimated biomass production conditions around 2015, 190 PJ/yr excess biomass will remain after fossil fuels for electricity and heat production have been replaced. This biomass can be converted to methanol to... (More)
The need for biomass transportation depends on the balance between locally produced biomass and the local demand for fuel. In Sweden, more than 80% of the biomass assumed to be required to replace fossil fuels for the production of electricity and heat can be produced locally within each county, if biomass is extensively utilised. The average transportation distance of the remaining 20% will be between 100 and 200 km, which increases the cost of this biomass by 15–20%. Considering a yearly biomass potential of 430 PJ, based on estimated biomass production conditions around 2015, 190 PJ/yr excess biomass will remain after fossil fuels for electricity and heat production have been replaced. This biomass can be converted to methanol to replace petrol and diesel, or can be used in new electricity production plants. The production of biomass-based methanol will not lead to a high demand for transportation, as the methanol produced from local biomass and can mainly be used locally. Biomass used for electricity production will increase the need for transportation if electricity is cogenerated in district heating systems, as such systems are usually located in densely populated areas with a deficit of biomass. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biomass, transportation, heat, fossil fuels, electricity
in
Renewable Energy
volume
9
issue
1-4
pages
1037 - 1040
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0030241493
ISSN
0960-1481
DOI
10.1016/0960-1481(96)88457-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9f712607-ddc9-46da-8b37-0e801b7b3ee2 (old id 604255)
date added to LUP
2009-04-01 11:51:44
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:43:26
@misc{9f712607-ddc9-46da-8b37-0e801b7b3ee2,
  abstract     = {The need for biomass transportation depends on the balance between locally produced biomass and the local demand for fuel. In Sweden, more than 80% of the biomass assumed to be required to replace fossil fuels for the production of electricity and heat can be produced locally within each county, if biomass is extensively utilised. The average transportation distance of the remaining 20% will be between 100 and 200 km, which increases the cost of this biomass by 15–20%. Considering a yearly biomass potential of 430 PJ, based on estimated biomass production conditions around 2015, 190 PJ/yr excess biomass will remain after fossil fuels for electricity and heat production have been replaced. This biomass can be converted to methanol to replace petrol and diesel, or can be used in new electricity production plants. The production of biomass-based methanol will not lead to a high demand for transportation, as the methanol produced from local biomass and can mainly be used locally. Biomass used for electricity production will increase the need for transportation if electricity is cogenerated in district heating systems, as such systems are usually located in densely populated areas with a deficit of biomass.},
  author       = {Gustavsson, Leif and Börjesson, Pål},
  issn         = {0960-1481},
  keyword      = {Biomass,transportation,heat,fossil fuels,electricity},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-4},
  pages        = {1037--1040},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x7c44bf8)},
  series       = {Renewable Energy},
  title        = {Biomass Utilisation and Transportation Demands},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0960-1481(96)88457-6},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {1996},
}