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The Formation of Green Identities - Consumers and Providers.

Lindén, Anna-Lisa LU and Klintman, Mikael LU (2003) In Individual and Structural Determinants of Environmental Practice. p.66-90
Abstract
Liberalisation and deregulation of public utility sectors has been introduced in several European countries. In 1994 Swedish municipalities were instructed to reorganise waste collection routines by enlarging the number of fractions to be able to reuse waste fractions in an environmental benign way. The public waste sector have to a considerable extent been diversified and deregulated. At the same time their clients, the households, are supposed to accept and take part in the enlarged sorting activities. There has to be a close relation between providers and consumers to get everything running in a proper order.

The electricity sector was deregulated in 1997. Even before that date some Energy Companies had begun to diversify their... (More)
Liberalisation and deregulation of public utility sectors has been introduced in several European countries. In 1994 Swedish municipalities were instructed to reorganise waste collection routines by enlarging the number of fractions to be able to reuse waste fractions in an environmental benign way. The public waste sector have to a considerable extent been diversified and deregulated. At the same time their clients, the households, are supposed to accept and take part in the enlarged sorting activities. There has to be a close relation between providers and consumers to get everything running in a proper order.

The electricity sector was deregulated in 1997. Even before that date some Energy Companies had begun to diversify their supply of electricity. Wind power energy was labelled as environmentally benign. Although green electricity plays a minor role in the supply of energy from all energy companies in Sweden it has played an important role in marketing and labelling firms to be aware of the environment. The “invisible” good green electricity could at least in mental processes be separated from grey electrons.

Consumption of public utilities electricity and waste collection are necessary goods and services in every household in modern societies. There is no possibility to enlarge the stock of consumers as it can be on a free market. The companies in a deregulated electricity and waste collection market are extremely dependent on consumer attitudes to and credibility in their company to keep them and to win new clients from competing firms.

Product and tariff differentiation (PTD) functions as measures for providers to establish a green identity visible for consumers in their evaluations of the provider image. The relation between provider and consumer established through product and tariff differentiation is not only an economic relation but includes as well ecological, environmental and social aspects. The relation is a sophisticated network of shared advantages and disadvantages in creating green images and green identities related to public consumption of visible services, waste collection, and invisible goods like electricity. Relations between providers and consumers in establishing their green identities and green images and the functional aspects of product and tariff differentiation will be analysed theoretically. The empirical analysis relies on interviews with providers and consumers within the waste and electricity sectors in Sweden, The Netherlands and United Kingdom. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
sociologi, consumers, sociology, providers, tariff differntiation, electricity, waste
in
Individual and Structural Determinants of Environmental Practice.
editor
Biel, Anders; Hansson, Bengt and Mårtensson, Mona
pages
66 - 90
publisher
Ashgate
ISBN
0-7546-3217-2
project
Utvägar
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
23a0f0c8-1acb-4f6f-8b80-dad2e517e34d (old id 636552)
date added to LUP
2007-12-03 14:42:02
date last changed
2016-04-16 10:27:46
@misc{23a0f0c8-1acb-4f6f-8b80-dad2e517e34d,
  abstract     = {Liberalisation and deregulation of public utility sectors has been introduced in several European countries. In 1994 Swedish municipalities were instructed to reorganise waste collection routines by enlarging the number of fractions to be able to reuse waste fractions in an environmental benign way. The public waste sector have to a considerable extent been diversified and deregulated. At the same time their clients, the households, are supposed to accept and take part in the enlarged sorting activities. There has to be a close relation between providers and consumers to get everything running in a proper order.<br/><br>
The electricity sector was deregulated in 1997. Even before that date some Energy Companies had begun to diversify their supply of electricity. Wind power energy was labelled as environmentally benign. Although green electricity plays a minor role in the supply of energy from all energy companies in Sweden it has played an important role in marketing and labelling firms to be aware of the environment. The “invisible” good green electricity could at least in mental processes be separated from grey electrons. <br/><br>
Consumption of public utilities electricity and waste collection are necessary goods and services in every household in modern societies. There is no possibility to enlarge the stock of consumers as it can be on a free market. The companies in a deregulated electricity and waste collection market are extremely dependent on consumer attitudes to and credibility in their company to keep them and to win new clients from competing firms. <br/><br>
Product and tariff differentiation (PTD) functions as measures for providers to establish a green identity visible for consumers in their evaluations of the provider image. The relation between provider and consumer established through product and tariff differentiation is not only an economic relation but includes as well ecological, environmental and social aspects. The relation is a sophisticated network of shared advantages and disadvantages in creating green images and green identities related to public consumption of visible services, waste collection, and invisible goods like electricity. Relations between providers and consumers in establishing their green identities and green images and the functional aspects of product and tariff differentiation will be analysed theoretically. The empirical analysis relies on interviews with providers and consumers within the waste and electricity sectors in Sweden, The Netherlands and United Kingdom.},
  author       = {Lindén, Anna-Lisa and Klintman, Mikael},
  editor       = {Biel, Anders and Hansson, Bengt and Mårtensson, Mona},
  isbn         = {0-7546-3217-2},
  keyword      = {sociologi,consumers,sociology,providers,tariff differntiation,electricity,waste},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {66--90},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x88b2aa8)},
  series       = {Individual and Structural Determinants of Environmental Practice.},
  title        = {The Formation of Green Identities - Consumers and Providers.},
  year         = {2003},
}