Advanced

Deactivation of SCR catalysts by exposure to aerosol particles of potassium and zinc salts

Larsson, Ann-Charlotte; Einvall, Jessica and Sanati, Mehri LU (2007) In AEROSOL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 41(4). p.369-379
Abstract
Generated aerosol particle deposition has been applied in laboratory scale to induce deactivation of commercial Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalysts of V2O5-WO3/TiO2 monolithic type. The monolithic catalyst has been exposed to the generated submicrometer particle of inorganic salts, KCl, K2SO4, and ZnCl2 at 200°C in a tubular reactor. The generated particles have been deposited on the catalytic surfaces by utilization of an electrostatic field. Physical characterization of the generated aerosol particles were conducted by Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) and Electric Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI) with and without catalyst in order to investigate the magnitude of the particle deposition. Particle charge distribution was also... (More)
Generated aerosol particle deposition has been applied in laboratory scale to induce deactivation of commercial Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalysts of V2O5-WO3/TiO2 monolithic type. The monolithic catalyst has been exposed to the generated submicrometer particle of inorganic salts, KCl, K2SO4, and ZnCl2 at 200°C in a tubular reactor. The generated particles have been deposited on the catalytic surfaces by utilization of an electrostatic field. Physical characterization of the generated aerosol particles were conducted by Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) and Electric Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI) with and without catalyst in order to investigate the magnitude of the particle deposition. Particle charge distribution was also evaluated with a Tandem Differential Mobility Analyser (TDMA) set up.

SCR is the most common method to commercially reduce NOx emissions from combustion processes. Catalyst lifetime is important for process economics and extending catalyst life can allow future strengthened emission legislation and diminished NOx emissions.

Verification of particle deposition has been conducted through comparison with catalyst samples exposed to commercial biomass combustion condition.



The reactivity of both fresh and exposed catalyst samples as well as commercially used samples was examined in SCR reaction and the methods of deposition as well as the influence of the different salts on catalytic performance have been explored.

Catalyst samples have been evaluated with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with respect to surface morphology of the catalyst material. The laboratory deactivated catalyst samples showed resemblance with the commercially exposed catalyst sample with respect to salts concentration and deposition of the salts particles. The obtained influence on catalyst activity was comparable with commercially obtained catalyst activity reductions at comparable potassium concentration levels. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
AEROSOL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
volume
41
issue
4
pages
369 - 379
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • Scopus:33847783411
DOI
10.1080/02786820701203207
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
95cd67f4-4d6a-4a80-9944-0a7a0dcca0c5 (old id 638388)
date added to LUP
2009-02-26 11:33:09
date last changed
2016-10-13 05:00:15
@misc{95cd67f4-4d6a-4a80-9944-0a7a0dcca0c5,
  abstract     = {Generated aerosol particle deposition has been applied in laboratory scale to induce deactivation of commercial Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalysts of V2O5-WO3/TiO2 monolithic type. The monolithic catalyst has been exposed to the generated submicrometer particle of inorganic salts, KCl, K2SO4, and ZnCl2 at 200°C in a tubular reactor. The generated particles have been deposited on the catalytic surfaces by utilization of an electrostatic field. Physical characterization of the generated aerosol particles were conducted by Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) and Electric Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI) with and without catalyst in order to investigate the magnitude of the particle deposition. Particle charge distribution was also evaluated with a Tandem Differential Mobility Analyser (TDMA) set up. <br/><br>
SCR is the most common method to commercially reduce NOx emissions from combustion processes. Catalyst lifetime is important for process economics and extending catalyst life can allow future strengthened emission legislation and diminished NOx emissions. <br/><br>
Verification of particle deposition has been conducted through comparison with catalyst samples exposed to commercial biomass combustion condition. <br/><br>
<br/><br>
The reactivity of both fresh and exposed catalyst samples as well as commercially used samples was examined in SCR reaction and the methods of deposition as well as the influence of the different salts on catalytic performance have been explored. <br/><br>
Catalyst samples have been evaluated with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with respect to surface morphology of the catalyst material. The laboratory deactivated catalyst samples showed resemblance with the commercially exposed catalyst sample with respect to salts concentration and deposition of the salts particles. The obtained influence on catalyst activity was comparable with commercially obtained catalyst activity reductions at comparable potassium concentration levels.},
  author       = {Larsson, Ann-Charlotte and Einvall, Jessica and Sanati, Mehri},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {369--379},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9a6f190)},
  series       = {AEROSOL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY},
  title        = {Deactivation of SCR catalysts by exposure to aerosol particles of potassium and zinc salts},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02786820701203207},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2007},
}