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Large Eddy Simulation and Experiments of Stratified Lean Premixed Methane/Air Turbulent Flames

Nogenmyr, Karl-Johan LU ; Petersson, Per LU ; Bai, Xue-Song LU ; Nauert, A.; Olofsson, Jimmy LU ; Brackmann, Christian LU ; Seyfried, Hans LU ; Zetterberg, Johan LU ; Li, Zhongshan LU and Richter, Mattias LU , et al. (2007) 31st International Symposium on Combustion In Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 31(1). p.1467-1475
Abstract
This paper presents a joint large eddy simulation and laser diagnostic investigation of premixed turbulent low swirl flames. A lean premixed methane/air mixture, of the equivalence ratio 0.60-0.66, is injected from a 50 mm diameter low swirl burner to a low speed co-flowing air at room temperature and pressure. The level-set G-equation is employed to simulate the inner layer flame front. Flamelet chemistry is used to determine the flame properties in the reactive zones. Mixing and heat transfer in the post-flame zone down-stream are modeled using transport equations. In addition to large eddy simulation, simultaneous 2-D laser induced fluorescence of OH and 2-D particle image velocimetry are used to characterize the basic flame structure.... (More)
This paper presents a joint large eddy simulation and laser diagnostic investigation of premixed turbulent low swirl flames. A lean premixed methane/air mixture, of the equivalence ratio 0.60-0.66, is injected from a 50 mm diameter low swirl burner to a low speed co-flowing air at room temperature and pressure. The level-set G-equation is employed to simulate the inner layer flame front. Flamelet chemistry is used to determine the flame properties in the reactive zones. Mixing and heat transfer in the post-flame zone down-stream are modeled using transport equations. In addition to large eddy simulation, simultaneous 2-D laser induced fluorescence of OH and 2-D particle image velocimetry are used to characterize the basic flame structure. Laser Doppler velocimetry is employed to further analyze the flow velocity along the central axis above the burner, and 2-D filtered Rayleigh scattering is used to measure the temperature field in the lower part of the flame. A bowl-shaped, highly wrinkled turbulent flame is stabilized at a position about one-half diameter above the burner. The flame consists of two distinct parts; around the burner axis, a premixed flame with uniform mixture fraction is stabilized in the low speed flow region induced by the inflow swirl; off the axis of the burner, a stratified lean premixed flame is found in the shear layer of the flow field. Flame holes (local extinction) owing to overly lean mixtures are observed in the off-axis lean stratified part of the flame. A unified level-set G-equation is developed to model the flame holes. The basic flow and flame structure from the model simulations are compared to the laser diagnostic measurements; the height of flame stabilization (lift-off height), the mean temperature profile, and the mean axial and radial velocity components together with rms velocity components are in fairly good agreement with measurement data. © 2006 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (Less)
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subject
keywords
Equivalence ratios, Radial velocity, Premixed turbulent low swirl flames, Velocity components
in
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute
volume
31
issue
1
pages
1467 - 1475
publisher
Elsevier
conference name
31st International Symposium on Combustion
external identifiers
  • WOS:000252858000157
  • Scopus:34548282102
ISSN
1540-7489
DOI
10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.038
language
English
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yes
id
2c03800f-7604-46f1-8fd8-6ca388f981ae (old id 643242)
date added to LUP
2013-01-07 16:49:46
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2016-10-13 05:09:46
@misc{2c03800f-7604-46f1-8fd8-6ca388f981ae,
  abstract     = {This paper presents a joint large eddy simulation and laser diagnostic investigation of premixed turbulent low swirl flames. A lean premixed methane/air mixture, of the equivalence ratio 0.60-0.66, is injected from a 50 mm diameter low swirl burner to a low speed co-flowing air at room temperature and pressure. The level-set G-equation is employed to simulate the inner layer flame front. Flamelet chemistry is used to determine the flame properties in the reactive zones. Mixing and heat transfer in the post-flame zone down-stream are modeled using transport equations. In addition to large eddy simulation, simultaneous 2-D laser induced fluorescence of OH and 2-D particle image velocimetry are used to characterize the basic flame structure. Laser Doppler velocimetry is employed to further analyze the flow velocity along the central axis above the burner, and 2-D filtered Rayleigh scattering is used to measure the temperature field in the lower part of the flame. A bowl-shaped, highly wrinkled turbulent flame is stabilized at a position about one-half diameter above the burner. The flame consists of two distinct parts; around the burner axis, a premixed flame with uniform mixture fraction is stabilized in the low speed flow region induced by the inflow swirl; off the axis of the burner, a stratified lean premixed flame is found in the shear layer of the flow field. Flame holes (local extinction) owing to overly lean mixtures are observed in the off-axis lean stratified part of the flame. A unified level-set G-equation is developed to model the flame holes. The basic flow and flame structure from the model simulations are compared to the laser diagnostic measurements; the height of flame stabilization (lift-off height), the mean temperature profile, and the mean axial and radial velocity components together with rms velocity components are in fairly good agreement with measurement data. © 2006 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Nogenmyr, Karl-Johan and Petersson, Per and Bai, Xue-Song and Nauert, A. and Olofsson, Jimmy and Brackmann, Christian and Seyfried, Hans and Zetterberg, Johan and Li, Zhongshan and Richter, Mattias and Dreizler, A. and Linne, Mark and Aldén, Marcus},
  issn         = {1540-7489},
  keyword      = {Equivalence ratios,Radial velocity,Premixed turbulent low swirl flames,Velocity components},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1467--1475},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xabf6760)},
  series       = {Proceedings of the Combustion Institute},
  title        = {Large Eddy Simulation and Experiments of Stratified Lean Premixed Methane/Air Turbulent Flames},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.038},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2007},
}