Advanced

Temperature limit values for gripping cold surfaces

Malchaire, J; Geng, Q; den Hartog, E; Havenith, G; Holmér, Ingvar LU ; Piette, A; Powell, S L; Rintamäki, H and Rissanen, S (2002) In Annals of Occupational Hygiene 46(2). p.157-163
Abstract
Objectives. At the request of the European Commission and in the framework of the European Machinery Directive, research was conducted jointly in five different laboratories to develop specifications for surface temperature limit values for the gripping and handling of cold items. Methods. Four hundred and fourteen experiments were run where male and female subjects were invited to grip for up to 20 min cold bars of different contact coefficients, i.e. polished wood, nylon, stone, steel and aluminium. The air temperature and the bars" initial surface temperatures ranged between 0 and -30degreesC for the various experiments. While gripping the bars, either only the hand or the whole body was exposed to cold. Results. The data were used to... (More)
Objectives. At the request of the European Commission and in the framework of the European Machinery Directive, research was conducted jointly in five different laboratories to develop specifications for surface temperature limit values for the gripping and handling of cold items. Methods. Four hundred and fourteen experiments were run where male and female subjects were invited to grip for up to 20 min cold bars of different contact coefficients, i.e. polished wood, nylon, stone, steel and aluminium. The air temperature and the bars" initial surface temperatures ranged between 0 and -30degreesC for the various experiments. While gripping the bars, either only the hand or the whole body was exposed to cold. Results. The data were used to develop a prediction formula and a graph of the surface temperature limit values in order for the skin contact temperature not to reach <15degreesC. This duration is shown to offer a significant degree of safety with respect to the minimal surface temperature spontaneously tolerated by the subjects. Conclusions. Experiments and modelling must be pursued to extend these data to other conditions of exposure. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
gripping, machine safety, cold stress, contact temperature
in
Annals of Occupational Hygiene
volume
46
issue
2
pages
157 - 163
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0036490934
ISSN
1475-3162
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
a31f5051-62b7-4ce5-a5c5-4c76703b4ac3 (old id 708921)
date added to LUP
2009-02-05 10:27:06
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:57:11
@misc{a31f5051-62b7-4ce5-a5c5-4c76703b4ac3,
  abstract     = {Objectives. At the request of the European Commission and in the framework of the European Machinery Directive, research was conducted jointly in five different laboratories to develop specifications for surface temperature limit values for the gripping and handling of cold items. Methods. Four hundred and fourteen experiments were run where male and female subjects were invited to grip for up to 20 min cold bars of different contact coefficients, i.e. polished wood, nylon, stone, steel and aluminium. The air temperature and the bars" initial surface temperatures ranged between 0 and -30degreesC for the various experiments. While gripping the bars, either only the hand or the whole body was exposed to cold. Results. The data were used to develop a prediction formula and a graph of the surface temperature limit values in order for the skin contact temperature not to reach &lt;15degreesC. This duration is shown to offer a significant degree of safety with respect to the minimal surface temperature spontaneously tolerated by the subjects. Conclusions. Experiments and modelling must be pursued to extend these data to other conditions of exposure.},
  author       = {Malchaire, J and Geng, Q and den Hartog, E and Havenith, G and Holmér, Ingvar and Piette, A and Powell, S L and Rintamäki, H and Rissanen, S},
  issn         = {1475-3162},
  keyword      = {gripping,machine safety,cold stress,contact temperature},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {157--163},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x8e7d5e8)},
  series       = {Annals of Occupational Hygiene},
  title        = {Temperature limit values for gripping cold surfaces},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2002},
}