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Association of knee pain and different definitions of knee osteoarthritis with health-related quality of life : A population-based cohort study in southern Sweden

Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar LU ; Lamm, Carl Johan; de Verdier, Maria Gerhardsson; Engström, Gunnar LU ; Turkiewicz, Aleksandra LU ; Lohmander, L. Stefan LU and Englund, Martin LU (2016) In Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 14(1).
Abstract

Background: While the impact of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis (OA) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been investigated in the literature, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of different definitions of OA on HRQoL. The main aim of this study was to measure and compare the impact of knee OA and its different definitions on HRQoL in the general population. Methods: A random sample of 1300 participants from Malmö, Sweden with pain in one or both knees in the past 12 months with duration ≥4 weeks and 650 participants without were invited to clinical and radiographic knee examination. A total of 1527 individuals with a mean (SD) age 69.4 (7.2) participated and responded to both generic (EQ-5D-3L) and disease-specific... (More)

Background: While the impact of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis (OA) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been investigated in the literature, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of different definitions of OA on HRQoL. The main aim of this study was to measure and compare the impact of knee OA and its different definitions on HRQoL in the general population. Methods: A random sample of 1300 participants from Malmö, Sweden with pain in one or both knees in the past 12 months with duration ≥4 weeks and 650 participants without were invited to clinical and radiographic knee examination. A total of 1527 individuals with a mean (SD) age 69.4 (7.2) participated and responded to both generic (EQ-5D-3L) and disease-specific (the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score) questionnaires. Knee pain was defined as pain during the last month during most of the days. Knee OA was defined radiographically (equivalent to Kellgren and Lawrence grade ≥2) and clinically according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Results: Of participants with either knee pain or knee OA or both, 7 % reported no problem for the EQ-5D-3L attributes. The corresponding proportion among references (neither knee pain nor OA) was 42 %. The participants with knee pain and OA had all HRQoL measures lower compared to those with knee pain but no OA. The ACR clinical definition of knee OA was associated with lower HRQoL than the definition based on radiographic knee OA (adjusted difference -0.08 in UK EQ-5D-3L index score). Conclusions: Applying different definitions of knee OA result in different levels of HRQoL and this is mainly explained by the knee pain experience. These differences may lead to discrepant conclusions from cost-utility analyses.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
EQ-5D-3L, Knee osteoarthritis, Knee pain, KOOS, Quality of life, Sweden
in
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
volume
14
issue
1
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84983627582
ISSN
1477-7525
DOI
10.1186/s12955-016-0525-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7b4d2df4-e2b1-4206-8b44-79e4a2ade600
date added to LUP
2016-09-21 11:08:48
date last changed
2016-10-27 14:23:18
@misc{7b4d2df4-e2b1-4206-8b44-79e4a2ade600,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: While the impact of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis (OA) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been investigated in the literature, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of different definitions of OA on HRQoL. The main aim of this study was to measure and compare the impact of knee OA and its different definitions on HRQoL in the general population. Methods: A random sample of 1300 participants from Malmö, Sweden with pain in one or both knees in the past 12 months with duration ≥4 weeks and 650 participants without were invited to clinical and radiographic knee examination. A total of 1527 individuals with a mean (SD) age 69.4 (7.2) participated and responded to both generic (EQ-5D-3L) and disease-specific (the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score) questionnaires. Knee pain was defined as pain during the last month during most of the days. Knee OA was defined radiographically (equivalent to Kellgren and Lawrence grade ≥2) and clinically according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Results: Of participants with either knee pain or knee OA or both, 7 % reported no problem for the EQ-5D-3L attributes. The corresponding proportion among references (neither knee pain nor OA) was 42 %. The participants with knee pain and OA had all HRQoL measures lower compared to those with knee pain but no OA. The ACR clinical definition of knee OA was associated with lower HRQoL than the definition based on radiographic knee OA (adjusted difference -0.08 in UK EQ-5D-3L index score). Conclusions: Applying different definitions of knee OA result in different levels of HRQoL and this is mainly explained by the knee pain experience. These differences may lead to discrepant conclusions from cost-utility analyses.</p>},
  author       = {Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar and Lamm, Carl Johan and de Verdier, Maria Gerhardsson and Engström, Gunnar and Turkiewicz, Aleksandra and Lohmander, L. Stefan and Englund, Martin},
  issn         = {1477-7525},
  keyword      = {EQ-5D-3L,Knee osteoarthritis,Knee pain,KOOS,Quality of life,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xa9d7c38)},
  series       = {Health and Quality of Life Outcomes},
  title        = {Association of knee pain and different definitions of knee osteoarthritis with health-related quality of life : A population-based cohort study in southern Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12955-016-0525-4},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2016},
}