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Aroma components in Vangueria infausta L. : Characterization of components using GC_MS and aroma loss during drying

Ráice, Rui LU (2014)
Abstract
This study focuses on the fruit of the African medlar (Vangueria infausta L., family

Rubiaceae).

The investigation included the development of an extraction procedure of volatile components

from the fruit matrix, a purification step, separation, identification and quantification.

Initial experiments showed that some components, especially sugars, degrads during the

heating in the GC analysis, producing furfural, hydroxylmethylfurfural (HMF) and other

volatiles. These compounds are obtained together with the native aroma components of the

fruit making the analyses difficult.

We developed a procedure using a hydrophobic column with capability to retain the

... (More)
This study focuses on the fruit of the African medlar (Vangueria infausta L., family

Rubiaceae).

The investigation included the development of an extraction procedure of volatile components

from the fruit matrix, a purification step, separation, identification and quantification.

Initial experiments showed that some components, especially sugars, degrads during the

heating in the GC analysis, producing furfural, hydroxylmethylfurfural (HMF) and other

volatiles. These compounds are obtained together with the native aroma components of the

fruit making the analyses difficult.

We developed a procedure using a hydrophobic column with capability to retain the

hydrophobic aroma components and eliminating sugars that may disturb the analyses.

The volatile components found in pulp is primarily: Hexanoic acid (30000-4000 μg/g, DM),

octanoic acid (2000-200 μg/g, DM), ethyl hexanoate (400-40 μg/g, DM), ethyl octanoate

(200-10 μg/g, DM), methyl hexanoate (60-8 μg/g, DM) and methyl octanoate (70-9 μg/g,

DM). Based on the odor activity values (OAV) it can conclude that the odor of the fruit is

mainly originated by ethyl hexanoate and ethyl octanoate. Fruity, sweet, floral and slight fatty

are the most attributes that mark the aroma profile of studied fruit. The experiment was

repeated using samples collected in different occasion (2010-2013).

During food processing and preservation of food especially fruits many attributes are affected

including volatile components that are important attribute affecting palatability and consumer

interest of food. The finding is that the principal aroma components of pulp are well preserved

during the initial phase of drying (down to about a relative water activity 0.65). However, the

aroma components are lost after a more extensive drying. A possible explanation of the

volatilization is sugar crystallization that is to occur below a relative humidity of around 0.70

during the drying process.

The results highlighted, in somehow, the potential of Vangueria infausta as wild fruits to

include in industrial food products. However, more studies are needed to improve the

retention of volatile during drying. Encapsulation of these volatiles could help to sustainable

utilization of diversity wild fruits growing in Mozambique. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
encapsulation., threshold, drying, volatiles, vangueria infausta
categories
Higher Education
pages
94 pages
publisher
Lund University (Media-Tryck)
ISBN
978-91-87743-02-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
11c70341-9b91-467f-bab6-d4e67e6eec4e (old id 8170052)
date added to LUP
2015-11-18 16:57:38
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:08
@misc{11c70341-9b91-467f-bab6-d4e67e6eec4e,
  abstract     = {This study focuses on the fruit of the African medlar (Vangueria infausta L., family<br/><br>
Rubiaceae).<br/><br>
The investigation included the development of an extraction procedure of volatile components<br/><br>
from the fruit matrix, a purification step, separation, identification and quantification.<br/><br>
Initial experiments showed that some components, especially sugars, degrads during the<br/><br>
heating in the GC analysis, producing furfural, hydroxylmethylfurfural (HMF) and other<br/><br>
volatiles. These compounds are obtained together with the native aroma components of the<br/><br>
fruit making the analyses difficult.<br/><br>
We developed a procedure using a hydrophobic column with capability to retain the<br/><br>
hydrophobic aroma components and eliminating sugars that may disturb the analyses.<br/><br>
The volatile components found in pulp is primarily: Hexanoic acid (30000-4000 μg/g, DM),<br/><br>
octanoic acid (2000-200 μg/g, DM), ethyl hexanoate (400-40 μg/g, DM), ethyl octanoate<br/><br>
(200-10 μg/g, DM), methyl hexanoate (60-8 μg/g, DM) and methyl octanoate (70-9 μg/g,<br/><br>
DM). Based on the odor activity values (OAV) it can conclude that the odor of the fruit is<br/><br>
mainly originated by ethyl hexanoate and ethyl octanoate. Fruity, sweet, floral and slight fatty<br/><br>
are the most attributes that mark the aroma profile of studied fruit. The experiment was<br/><br>
repeated using samples collected in different occasion (2010-2013).<br/><br>
During food processing and preservation of food especially fruits many attributes are affected<br/><br>
including volatile components that are important attribute affecting palatability and consumer<br/><br>
interest of food. The finding is that the principal aroma components of pulp are well preserved<br/><br>
during the initial phase of drying (down to about a relative water activity 0.65). However, the<br/><br>
aroma components are lost after a more extensive drying. A possible explanation of the<br/><br>
volatilization is sugar crystallization that is to occur below a relative humidity of around 0.70<br/><br>
during the drying process.<br/><br>
The results highlighted, in somehow, the potential of Vangueria infausta as wild fruits to<br/><br>
include in industrial food products. However, more studies are needed to improve the<br/><br>
retention of volatile during drying. Encapsulation of these volatiles could help to sustainable<br/><br>
utilization of diversity wild fruits growing in Mozambique.},
  author       = {Ráice, Rui},
  isbn         = {978-91-87743-02-3},
  keyword      = {encapsulation.,threshold,drying,volatiles,vangueria infausta},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {94},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xd59900)},
  title        = {Aroma components in Vangueria infausta L. : Characterization of components using GC_MS and aroma loss during drying},
  year         = {2014},
}