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Extended producer responsibility for lamps in Nordic countries: best practices and challenges in closing material loops

Richter, Jessika Luth LU and Koppejan, Rob (2015) In Journal of Cleaner Production
Abstract
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes are adopted not only to promote collection and recycling of waste products but also to close material loops and incentivise ecodesign. These outcomes are also part of creating a more circular economy. Evaluations of best practices can inform how to further optimise systems towards more ambitious collection, recycling and recovery of both hazardous and critical materials. Gas discharge lamps in particular are a key product category in this regard, considering both the presence of mercury and of rare earth materials in this waste stream. Nordic countries in particular are known for advanced collection and recycling systems and this article compares the EPR systems for gas discharge lamps. The... (More)
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes are adopted not only to promote collection and recycling of waste products but also to close material loops and incentivise ecodesign. These outcomes are also part of creating a more circular economy. Evaluations of best practices can inform how to further optimise systems towards more ambitious collection, recycling and recovery of both hazardous and critical materials. Gas discharge lamps in particular are a key product category in this regard, considering both the presence of mercury and of rare earth materials in this waste stream. Nordic countries in particular are known for advanced collection and recycling systems and this article compares the EPR systems for gas discharge lamps. The EPR systems for lamps are evaluated using theory-based evaluation approaches to analyse both the performance of lamp EPR systems and challenges perceived by key stakeholders. The cases were constructed based on primary and secondary literature, statistical data, and interviews with stakeholders. The findings indicate that the collection and recycling performance is generally still high for gas discharge lamps in the Nordic countries, despite some differences in approach and structure of the EPR systems, but there remain opportunities for further improvement. In terms of EPR goals, there is evidence of improved waste management of these products as a result of the systems; however, there also remain significant challenges, particularly in terms of ecodesign incentives. The key factors for best practice are discussed, including aspects of the rule base, infrastructure, and operations. The particular characteristics of this waste category, including the rapidly changing technology, also pose challenges for EPR systems in the future. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
Extended producer responsibility, WEEE, Gas discharge lamps, Fluorescent lamps, Recycling, Circular economy
in
Journal of Cleaner Production
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84937933489
ISSN
0959-6526
DOI
10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.06.131
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4bd827e1-e461-4054-aa2f-eabe8d9e0e7d (old id 8312640)
date added to LUP
2015-12-16 08:06:12
date last changed
2016-10-13 05:00:41
@misc{4bd827e1-e461-4054-aa2f-eabe8d9e0e7d,
  abstract     = {Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes are adopted not only to promote collection and recycling of waste products but also to close material loops and incentivise ecodesign. These outcomes are also part of creating a more circular economy. Evaluations of best practices can inform how to further optimise systems towards more ambitious collection, recycling and recovery of both hazardous and critical materials. Gas discharge lamps in particular are a key product category in this regard, considering both the presence of mercury and of rare earth materials in this waste stream. Nordic countries in particular are known for advanced collection and recycling systems and this article compares the EPR systems for gas discharge lamps. The EPR systems for lamps are evaluated using theory-based evaluation approaches to analyse both the performance of lamp EPR systems and challenges perceived by key stakeholders. The cases were constructed based on primary and secondary literature, statistical data, and interviews with stakeholders. The findings indicate that the collection and recycling performance is generally still high for gas discharge lamps in the Nordic countries, despite some differences in approach and structure of the EPR systems, but there remain opportunities for further improvement. In terms of EPR goals, there is evidence of improved waste management of these products as a result of the systems; however, there also remain significant challenges, particularly in terms of ecodesign incentives. The key factors for best practice are discussed, including aspects of the rule base, infrastructure, and operations. The particular characteristics of this waste category, including the rapidly changing technology, also pose challenges for EPR systems in the future.},
  author       = {Richter, Jessika Luth and Koppejan, Rob},
  issn         = {0959-6526},
  keyword      = {Extended producer responsibility,WEEE,Gas discharge lamps,Fluorescent lamps,Recycling,Circular economy},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xb4aa880)},
  series       = {Journal of Cleaner Production},
  title        = {Extended producer responsibility for lamps in Nordic countries: best practices and challenges in closing material loops},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.06.131},
  year         = {2015},
}