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Essential Tensions in the Field of Psychiatry

Brante, Thomas LU (2007) Participation for all - the front line of disability research. Nordic Network on disability Research (NNDR)
Abstract
In this presentation I discuss modern psychiatry, esp. neuropsychiatry, from the perspectives of philosophy and sociology of science. It is argued that there exist a number of tensions and ‘incommensurabilities’ in the field that are hard to overcome, thus giving rise to controversies. I separate four types of tensions, belonging to different ‘boxes.’ The first is called cognitive/internal, comprising the scientific basis of neuropsychiatry´s knowledge claims. The second is called social/internal, involving strategies deployed by the profession of neuropsychiatry. The third is called cognitive/external, pertaining to the cultural context in which neuropsychiatry is situated, in particular, the rising popularity of evolutionary psychology,... (More)
In this presentation I discuss modern psychiatry, esp. neuropsychiatry, from the perspectives of philosophy and sociology of science. It is argued that there exist a number of tensions and ‘incommensurabilities’ in the field that are hard to overcome, thus giving rise to controversies. I separate four types of tensions, belonging to different ‘boxes.’ The first is called cognitive/internal, comprising the scientific basis of neuropsychiatry´s knowledge claims. The second is called social/internal, involving strategies deployed by the profession of neuropsychiatry. The third is called cognitive/external, pertaining to the cultural context in which neuropsychiatry is situated, in particular, the rising popularity of evolutionary psychology, social Darwinism, and biologism. The fourth is called social/external, signifying various economic and political interests held by social agents such as pharmaceutical companies, patient groups, schools, families. Tensions within and between ‘the boxes’ are explored and mapped out, providing a basis for identifying causal mechanisms explaining successes as well as controversies in the field of neuropsychiatry. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
unpublished
subject
keywords
sociology of science, philosophy of science, sociologi, psychiatry, sociology
pages
16 pages
conference name
Participation for all - the front line of disability research. Nordic Network on disability Research (NNDR)
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
69f49273-c398-4572-9db3-dca4a28d8849 (old id 935745)
date added to LUP
2008-01-29 08:58:17
date last changed
2016-04-16 12:18:21
@misc{69f49273-c398-4572-9db3-dca4a28d8849,
  abstract     = {In this presentation I discuss modern psychiatry, esp. neuropsychiatry, from the perspectives of philosophy and sociology of science. It is argued that there exist a number of tensions and ‘incommensurabilities’ in the field that are hard to overcome, thus giving rise to controversies. I separate four types of tensions, belonging to different ‘boxes.’ The first is called cognitive/internal, comprising the scientific basis of neuropsychiatry´s knowledge claims. The second is called social/internal, involving strategies deployed by the profession of neuropsychiatry. The third is called cognitive/external, pertaining to the cultural context in which neuropsychiatry is situated, in particular, the rising popularity of evolutionary psychology, social Darwinism, and biologism. The fourth is called social/external, signifying various economic and political interests held by social agents such as pharmaceutical companies, patient groups, schools, families. Tensions within and between ‘the boxes’ are explored and mapped out, providing a basis for identifying causal mechanisms explaining successes as well as controversies in the field of neuropsychiatry.},
  author       = {Brante, Thomas},
  keyword      = {sociology of science,philosophy of science,sociologi,psychiatry,sociology},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {16},
  title        = {Essential Tensions in the Field of Psychiatry},
  year         = {2007},
}