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Virtual water and input–output framework: an alternative method for assessing trade and water consumption in FYR Macedonia

Hristov, Jordan LU ; Martinovska-Stojcheska, Aleksandra and Surry, Yves (2014) In Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 15(2). p.317-326
Abstract
This study analyzed direct and indirect relationships in water consumption by Macedonian economic sectors using virtual water in an input–output framework. Macedonia was found to be characterized by intensive water consumption, with some sectors having a significant virtual water content in their products. Virtual water multipliers were used to analyze the trade balance and determine whether
national commercial trade strategies are in line with Heckscher–Ohlin (HO) heory. It was found that Macedonia trade strategies in terms of virtual water were generally in line with HO theory. However, as a consequence of significant exports and high virtual water content in vegetables, fruit, grapes and sheep and goat products within the... (More)
This study analyzed direct and indirect relationships in water consumption by Macedonian economic sectors using virtual water in an input–output framework. Macedonia was found to be characterized by intensive water consumption, with some sectors having a significant virtual water content in their products. Virtual water multipliers were used to analyze the trade balance and determine whether
national commercial trade strategies are in line with Heckscher–Ohlin (HO) heory. It was found that Macedonia trade strategies in terms of virtual water were generally in line with HO theory. However, as a consequence of significant exports and high virtual water content in vegetables, fruit, grapes and sheep and goat products within the agriculture sector and in food and basic metal products in the manufacturing sector, the region was a net exporter of virtual water, losing about 124 million m3 of water at 2005 level or 18% of total water consumption. Reducing exports of the most waterintensive products with significant net positive exports would result in substantial water savings of
42% of total water consumption. The results presented here can help policy makers in promoting production specializations that are more environmentally sustainable or in redesigning existing water pricing policies at national level to encourage rational use of water. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Macedonia, input-output modelling, trade, virtual water content
in
Water Science and Technology: Water Supply
volume
15
issue
2
pages
11 pages
publisher
International Water Association (IWA)
ISSN
1606-9749
DOI
10.2166/ws.2014.118
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
c5903d3d-ac4f-4419-90e6-1ecb54c4c6a7
date added to LUP
2016-09-09 14:59:58
date last changed
2016-09-16 12:34:11
@misc{c5903d3d-ac4f-4419-90e6-1ecb54c4c6a7,
  abstract     = {This study analyzed direct and indirect relationships in water consumption by Macedonian economic sectors using virtual water in an input–output framework. Macedonia was found to be characterized by intensive water consumption, with some sectors having a significant virtual water content in their products. Virtual water multipliers were used to analyze the trade balance and determine whether<br/>national commercial trade strategies are in line with Heckscher–Ohlin (HO)  heory. It was found that Macedonia trade strategies in terms of virtual water were generally in line with HO theory. However, as a consequence of significant exports and high virtual water content in vegetables, fruit, grapes and sheep and goat products within the agriculture sector and in food and basic metal products in the manufacturing sector, the region was a net exporter of virtual water, losing about 124 million m3 of water at 2005 level or 18% of total water consumption. Reducing exports of the most waterintensive products with significant net positive exports would result in substantial water savings of<br/>42% of total water consumption. The results presented here can help policy makers in promoting production specializations that are more environmentally sustainable or in redesigning existing water pricing policies at national level to encourage rational use of water.},
  author       = {Hristov, Jordan and Martinovska-Stojcheska, Aleksandra and Surry, Yves},
  issn         = {1606-9749},
  keyword      = {Macedonia,input-output modelling,trade,virtual water content},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {317--326},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x7f91730)},
  series       = {Water Science and Technology: Water Supply},
  title        = {Virtual water and input–output framework: an alternative method for assessing trade and water consumption in FYR Macedonia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/ws.2014.118},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2014},
}