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The effect of ambient temperature on larvae of Scatopsciara cunicularius (Diptera: Sciaridae) feeding on the thallose liverwort Marchantia polymorpha

Sawangproh, Weerachon LU ; Ekroos, Johan LU and Cronberg, Nils LU (2016) In European Journal of Entomology 113. p.259-264
Abstract
Herbivory on liverworts is rarely reported. We studied the effects of feeding by larvae of the sciarid fly Scatopsciara cunicularius on the growth of the thalloid liverwort Marchantia polymorpha at two different constant temperatures, 12°C and 22°C. Larvae reared at the lower temperature fed slower and over a longer period of time, which resulted in more damage and a greater reduction in the growth of the liverwort than that caused by those reared at the higher temperature. The reduction in growth of the liverwort was positively density-dependent in terms of number of larvae at both temperatures. These results indicate that the larvae of S. cunicularius are likely to be an effective means of controlling M. polymorpha, which is a common... (More)
Herbivory on liverworts is rarely reported. We studied the effects of feeding by larvae of the sciarid fly Scatopsciara cunicularius on the growth of the thalloid liverwort Marchantia polymorpha at two different constant temperatures, 12°C and 22°C. Larvae reared at the lower temperature fed slower and over a longer period of time, which resulted in more damage and a greater reduction in the growth of the liverwort than that caused by those reared at the higher temperature. The reduction in growth of the liverwort was positively density-dependent in terms of number of larvae at both temperatures. These results indicate that the larvae of S. cunicularius are likely to be an effective means of controlling M. polymorpha, which is a common weed in plant nurseries and greenhouse cultures. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Scatopsciara cunicularius, gnat larva, sciarid fly, biological control
in
European Journal of Entomology
volume
113
pages
259 - 264
publisher
CZECH ACAD SCI
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84959460966
ISSN
1210-5759
DOI
10.14411/eje.2016.030
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e08ee5ea-b6ff-46cc-8f29-993c0c3878e8
date added to LUP
2016-04-13 13:55:04
date last changed
2016-10-13 05:06:11
@misc{e08ee5ea-b6ff-46cc-8f29-993c0c3878e8,
  abstract     = {Herbivory on liverworts is rarely reported. We studied the effects of feeding by larvae of the sciarid fly Scatopsciara cunicularius on the growth of the thalloid liverwort Marchantia polymorpha at two different constant temperatures, 12°C and 22°C. Larvae reared at the lower temperature fed slower and over a longer period of time, which resulted in more damage and a greater reduction in the growth of the liverwort than that caused by those reared at the higher temperature. The reduction in growth of the liverwort was positively density-dependent in terms of number of larvae at both temperatures. These results indicate that the larvae of S. cunicularius are likely to be an effective means of controlling M. polymorpha, which is a common weed in plant nurseries and greenhouse cultures.},
  author       = {Sawangproh, Weerachon and Ekroos, Johan and Cronberg, Nils},
  issn         = {1210-5759},
  keyword      = {Scatopsciara cunicularius,gnat larva,sciarid fly,biological control},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  pages        = {259--264},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x83ca468)},
  series       = {European Journal of Entomology},
  title        = {The effect of ambient temperature on larvae of Scatopsciara cunicularius (Diptera: Sciaridae) feeding on the thallose liverwort Marchantia polymorpha},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/eje.2016.030},
  volume       = {113},
  year         = {2016},
}