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The effect of preparation for lumbar puncture on children undergoing chemotherapy

Månsson, M E; Björkhem, Gudrun LU and Wiebe, Thomas LU (1993) In Oncology Nursing Forum 20(1). p.39-45
Abstract
At the University Hospital in Lund, Sweden, a preparation program was developed for children undergoing lumbar punctures (LPs) during chemotherapy for leukemia or lymphoma. Subsequently, a study was initiated to determine whether a preparation program for children prior to treatment would reduce their anxiety and improve their cooperation. This study also was undertaken to examine whether reinforcing the preparation information prior to each LP would be beneficial. The 30 children who participated in the study were divided into three groups: a control group whose members did not receive preparation and two other groups whose members were exposed to different numbers of preparation programs. The parents and the nurse in charge evaluated the... (More)
At the University Hospital in Lund, Sweden, a preparation program was developed for children undergoing lumbar punctures (LPs) during chemotherapy for leukemia or lymphoma. Subsequently, a study was initiated to determine whether a preparation program for children prior to treatment would reduce their anxiety and improve their cooperation. This study also was undertaken to examine whether reinforcing the preparation information prior to each LP would be beneficial. The 30 children who participated in the study were divided into three groups: a control group whose members did not receive preparation and two other groups whose members were exposed to different numbers of preparation programs. The parents and the nurse in charge evaluated the children's reactions during treatment using two 6-point rating scales: an anxiety scale and a noncooperation behavior scale. Two unbiased, trained observers later viewed video recordings of the children's reactions and evaluated them using the same tools. In addition, each child rated his or her experience of pain on a 10 cm visual analogue scale. Based on these ratings, the groups were analyzed to determine if within-group differences existed from one treatment to the next and to determine if between-group differences existed at the various times of treatment. Few statistically significant differences were found, but the results indicate that the children in the most informed group exhibited sustained reductions in their perceptions of pain. This may signify that reinforcing the preparation information before each of the LPs enabled these children to cope with the pain more effectively. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Oncology Nursing Forum
volume
20
issue
1
pages
39 - 45
publisher
Oncology Nursing Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:8421649
  • scopus:0027342844
ISSN
0190-535X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f1c2243c-7dae-4dce-a65f-e9bfbd6274d4 (old id 1107442)
date added to LUP
2008-07-31 09:10:48
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:46:34
@article{f1c2243c-7dae-4dce-a65f-e9bfbd6274d4,
  abstract     = {At the University Hospital in Lund, Sweden, a preparation program was developed for children undergoing lumbar punctures (LPs) during chemotherapy for leukemia or lymphoma. Subsequently, a study was initiated to determine whether a preparation program for children prior to treatment would reduce their anxiety and improve their cooperation. This study also was undertaken to examine whether reinforcing the preparation information prior to each LP would be beneficial. The 30 children who participated in the study were divided into three groups: a control group whose members did not receive preparation and two other groups whose members were exposed to different numbers of preparation programs. The parents and the nurse in charge evaluated the children's reactions during treatment using two 6-point rating scales: an anxiety scale and a noncooperation behavior scale. Two unbiased, trained observers later viewed video recordings of the children's reactions and evaluated them using the same tools. In addition, each child rated his or her experience of pain on a 10 cm visual analogue scale. Based on these ratings, the groups were analyzed to determine if within-group differences existed from one treatment to the next and to determine if between-group differences existed at the various times of treatment. Few statistically significant differences were found, but the results indicate that the children in the most informed group exhibited sustained reductions in their perceptions of pain. This may signify that reinforcing the preparation information before each of the LPs enabled these children to cope with the pain more effectively.},
  author       = {Månsson, M E and Björkhem, Gudrun and Wiebe, Thomas},
  issn         = {0190-535X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {39--45},
  publisher    = {Oncology Nursing Society},
  series       = {Oncology Nursing Forum},
  title        = {The effect of preparation for lumbar puncture on children undergoing chemotherapy},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {1993},
}