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The Os polymer composites as a mediators enhancing and improving Glucose Biosensor/ biofuel cells and Neurotransmitter sensors : 2 nd generation of biosensors

BEDEN, NAJAT LU (2015)
Abstract
Abstract: Different FAD dependent GDH enzymes together with the Os-redox polymer Os(4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine)2(PVI)10Cl]+ and a modified graphite electrode was shown to have distinct selectivity and high turnover rates towards glucose. The results of this study suggest that such electrodes may be applied either for glucose determination or as bioanodes in glucose biofuel cells. Further, higher current density was obtained when the deglycosylated form of FAD-GcGDH was used under the same conditions. This clearly confirms the effect of enzyme downsizing to enhance communication between the enzyme and the electrode surface. Using a series of FAD dependent enzymes such as: GOx, PDH, CDH, and GDH with the composite PVP-Os-(bpy)2-Cl... (More)
Abstract: Different FAD dependent GDH enzymes together with the Os-redox polymer Os(4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine)2(PVI)10Cl]+ and a modified graphite electrode was shown to have distinct selectivity and high turnover rates towards glucose. The results of this study suggest that such electrodes may be applied either for glucose determination or as bioanodes in glucose biofuel cells. Further, higher current density was obtained when the deglycosylated form of FAD-GcGDH was used under the same conditions. This clearly confirms the effect of enzyme downsizing to enhance communication between the enzyme and the electrode surface. Using a series of FAD dependent enzymes such as: GOx, PDH, CDH, and GDH with the composite PVP-Os-(bpy)2-Cl connected to chitosan via a linker. The results disclosed new strategy would be suitable for constructing and developing 2nd- generation biosensors. The use of Man-Os(VI)tmen as a new version of the Os-redox polymer to build up non-enzymatic sensors, by the simple adsorption route to modified graphite electrode, under the objection of DA sensing in the presence of other analyte compounds e. g. AA and UA was successfully proved, resulting in a multi-analyte sensor. On the other hand same polymer Man-Os(VI)tmen was applied for selectively detection of DA, by an alternative method where the modified graphite electrode based Man-Os(VI)tmen polymer was combined with either multiwall carbon nanotubes decorated with gold nano-particles Au-NPs-MWCNT or by a poly(sodium-4 styrene sulfonate) (PSS). The electrode modified by the use of Au-NPs-MWCNT shows a substantial improvement in the current response for DA detection compared to that of PSS. Further, the Man-Os(VI)tmen redox polymer was also used as a mediator to modified graphite electrode with a AspGDH based enzyme together with glucose as co-substrate. This improved the readout current response into the analyte DA, by taking advantage of the affinity of the Man-Os(VI)tmen redox polymer towards DA oxidation that we previously reported. Hence, the suggested biosensor was successfully established an improvement in the amplification output signal for detection of DA. (Less)
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Danielsson, Bengt, Acromed Invest AB, Sweden
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Enzyme immobilization, Neurocysticercosis: diagnosis, GDH biosensor, Os-polymers, PVP-Os-polymer, Composite Chitosan -Os-polymer, Dopamine sensor, multi anlytes sensors, GOx , CDH-based biosensor, Au-NPs-MWCNTS, PDH based sensor, Medited electron transfer, MET, DA,AA, and UA
pages
66 pages
publisher
Lund University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Division of Biochemistry and Structural Biology
defense date
2017-04-13 10:15
ISBN
978-91-7422-451-1
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
25e4e361-f98e-4dfc-b66d-8017dd79e862
date added to LUP
2017-03-24 10:39:43
date last changed
2017-04-05 11:57:18
@phdthesis{25e4e361-f98e-4dfc-b66d-8017dd79e862,
  abstract     = {Abstract: Different FAD dependent GDH enzymes together with the Os-redox polymer Os(4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine)2(PVI)10Cl]+ and a modified graphite electrode was shown to have distinct selectivity and high turnover rates towards glucose. The results of this study suggest that such electrodes may be applied either for glucose determination or as bioanodes in glucose biofuel cells. Further, higher current density was obtained when the deglycosylated form of FAD-GcGDH was used under the same conditions. This clearly confirms the effect of enzyme downsizing to enhance communication between the enzyme and the electrode surface. Using a series of FAD dependent enzymes such as: GOx, PDH, CDH, and GDH with the composite PVP-Os-(bpy)2-Cl connected to chitosan via a linker. The results disclosed new strategy would be suitable for constructing and developing 2nd- generation biosensors. The use of Man-Os(VI)tmen as a new version of the Os-redox polymer to build up non-enzymatic sensors, by the simple adsorption route to modified graphite electrode, under the objection of DA sensing in the presence of other analyte compounds e. g. AA and UA was successfully proved, resulting in a multi-analyte sensor. On the other hand same polymer Man-Os(VI)tmen was applied for selectively detection of DA, by an alternative method where the modified graphite electrode based Man-Os(VI)tmen polymer was  combined with either multiwall carbon nanotubes decorated with gold nano-particles Au-NPs-MWCNT or by a poly(sodium-4 styrene sulfonate) (PSS). The electrode modified by the use of Au-NPs-MWCNT shows a substantial improvement in the current response for DA detection compared to that of PSS. Further, the Man-Os(VI)tmen redox polymer was also used as a mediator to modified graphite electrode with a AspGDH based enzyme together with glucose as co-substrate. This improved the readout current response into the analyte DA, by taking advantage of the affinity of the Man-Os(VI)tmen redox polymer towards DA oxidation that we previously reported. Hence, the suggested biosensor was successfully established an improvement in the amplification output signal for detection of DA.},
  author       = {BEDEN, NAJAT},
  isbn         = {978-91-7422-451-1},
  keyword      = {Enzyme immobilization,Neurocysticercosis: diagnosis,GDH biosensor,Os-polymers,PVP-Os-polymer,Composite Chitosan -Os-polymer,Dopamine sensor,multi anlytes sensors,GOx ,CDH-based biosensor,Au-NPs-MWCNTS,PDH based sensor,Medited electron transfer, MET,DA,AA, and UA},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {66},
  publisher    = {Lund University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Division of Biochemistry and Structural Biology},
  title        = {The Os polymer composites as a mediators enhancing and improving Glucose Biosensor/ biofuel cells and Neurotransmitter sensors : 2 nd generation of biosensors},
  year         = {2015},
}