Advanced

The Effects of Peer Discussion and Question Format on Realism in Confidence Regarding Children's Testimonies in a Co-witness Situation

Buratti, Sandra and Macleod, Sandra (2009)
Department of Psychology
Abstract
This experimental study examined the effect of peer discussion and the effect of question format: free recall, follow-up and focused questions, on children's (age of 9-11 years) memory recall of a witnessed event. The children were randomly assigned in pairs that watched one of two perspectives of a film. Half of the pairs discussed the film and the other half of the pairs had a neutral discussion. The results indicated that the children were less accurate, less confident and showed poorer realism in their confidence during follow up questions compared to free recall. Girls continued to show perfect realism during follow up. No effect of peer discussion was found on any of the dependent measures. However, 28 % of the children in the film... (More)
This experimental study examined the effect of peer discussion and the effect of question format: free recall, follow-up and focused questions, on children's (age of 9-11 years) memory recall of a witnessed event. The children were randomly assigned in pairs that watched one of two perspectives of a film. Half of the pairs discussed the film and the other half of the pairs had a neutral discussion. The results indicated that the children were less accurate, less confident and showed poorer realism in their confidence during follow up questions compared to free recall. Girls continued to show perfect realism during follow up. No effect of peer discussion was found on any of the dependent measures. However, 28 % of the children in the film discussion condition reported events that they could not have seen. The children were just as confident about these statements as they were about other statements they made during the interview. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Buratti, Sandra and Macleod, Sandra
supervisor
organization
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
Psychology, Children, Discussion, Confidence, Co-witness, Eyewitness memory, Event recall, Psykologi
language
English
id
1315319
date added to LUP
2009-02-20 00:00:00
date last changed
2009-11-17 12:56:09
@misc{1315319,
  abstract     = {This experimental study examined the effect of peer discussion and the effect of question format: free recall, follow-up and focused questions, on children's (age of 9-11 years) memory recall of a witnessed event. The children were randomly assigned in pairs that watched one of two perspectives of a film. Half of the pairs discussed the film and the other half of the pairs had a neutral discussion. The results indicated that the children were less accurate, less confident and showed poorer realism in their confidence during follow up questions compared to free recall. Girls continued to show perfect realism during follow up. No effect of peer discussion was found on any of the dependent measures. However, 28 % of the children in the film discussion condition reported events that they could not have seen. The children were just as confident about these statements as they were about other statements they made during the interview.},
  author       = {Buratti, Sandra and Macleod, Sandra},
  keyword      = {Psychology,Children,Discussion,Confidence,Co-witness,Eyewitness memory,Event recall,Psykologi},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Effects of Peer Discussion and Question Format on Realism in Confidence Regarding Children's Testimonies in a Co-witness Situation},
  year         = {2009},
}