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It's Not All Roses Georgian Defence Reforms since the Rose Revolution

Lohm, Hedvig (2006)
Department of Political Science
Abstract
As a consequence of the Rose Revolution in November 2003 a new, energetic government entered office in Post-Soviet Georgia. This thesis takes the case of recent Georgian defence reforms to analyse the problematic sides of reforming a weak state. The theoretical starting point is Kalevi J. Holsti's conclusion in State,War and the State of War: that legitimacy is the most decisive factor for why

reforms succeed in consolidating the state and its democracy in the long run. If there is a lack of vertical legitimacy (transparency and accountability) and horizontal legitimacy (socio-political cohesion) the state ends up in a state strength dilemma, where reforms carried out become counterproductive. The vertical dimension of legitimacy in... (More)
As a consequence of the Rose Revolution in November 2003 a new, energetic government entered office in Post-Soviet Georgia. This thesis takes the case of recent Georgian defence reforms to analyse the problematic sides of reforming a weak state. The theoretical starting point is Kalevi J. Holsti's conclusion in State,War and the State of War: that legitimacy is the most decisive factor for why

reforms succeed in consolidating the state and its democracy in the long run. If there is a lack of vertical legitimacy (transparency and accountability) and horizontal legitimacy (socio-political cohesion) the state ends up in a state strength dilemma, where reforms carried out become counterproductive. The vertical dimension of legitimacy in civil-military relations is analysed by

assessing the state's monopoly on violence ? is it a professional, directly and indirectly controlled monopoly on violence that is transparent and accountable to

the citizens? The horizontal dimension of legitimacy is understood as sociopolitical cohesion around the civil-military norms being developed; if all citizens are wilfully included and tolerated. It is concluded in the thesis that ongoing defence reforms lack legitimacy, and that Georgia therefore is facing a state strength dilemma. (Less)
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author
Lohm, Hedvig
supervisor
organization
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Weak states, legitimacy, state strength dilemma, democratic revolutions, civil-military relations, Georgia, Social sciences, Samhällsvetenskaper
language
English
id
1323368
date added to LUP
2007-08-16
date last changed
2007-08-29
@misc{1323368,
  abstract     = {As a consequence of the Rose Revolution in November 2003 a new, energetic government entered office in Post-Soviet Georgia. This thesis takes the case of recent Georgian defence reforms to analyse the problematic sides of reforming a weak state. The theoretical starting point is Kalevi J. Holsti's conclusion in State,War and the State of War: that legitimacy is the most decisive factor for why

reforms succeed in consolidating the state and its democracy in the long run. If there is a lack of vertical legitimacy (transparency and accountability) and horizontal legitimacy (socio-political cohesion) the state ends up in a state strength dilemma, where reforms carried out become counterproductive. The vertical dimension of legitimacy in civil-military relations is analysed by

assessing the state's monopoly on violence ? is it a professional, directly and indirectly controlled monopoly on violence that is transparent and accountable to

the citizens? The horizontal dimension of legitimacy is understood as sociopolitical cohesion around the civil-military norms being developed; if all citizens are wilfully included and tolerated. It is concluded in the thesis that ongoing defence reforms lack legitimacy, and that Georgia therefore is facing a state strength dilemma.},
  author       = {Lohm, Hedvig},
  keyword      = {Weak states,legitimacy,state strength dilemma,democratic revolutions,civil-military relations,Georgia,Social sciences,Samhällsvetenskaper},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {It's Not All Roses Georgian Defence Reforms since the Rose Revolution},
  year         = {2006},
}