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(Re)constructing a Deeply Divided Society: Peacebuilding Lessons from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Porobic, Nela (2006)
Department of Political Science
Abstract
In this thesis I have discussed the possibility of building a stable and long-lasting peace in a state whose society is considered to be deeply divided ? Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main question to be answered by this study was Which factors facilitate and which factors obstruct stable and long-lasting peace in a deeply divided society? I have examined the post-war constitutional design of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the consociational devices built in the Constitution of the country. I have tried to generate new hypothesis on what it takes to create stable peace in a deeply divided society and propose a theoretical alternative through inductive conclusions, based on the empirical research of the Bosnian case as the starting point of this... (More)
In this thesis I have discussed the possibility of building a stable and long-lasting peace in a state whose society is considered to be deeply divided ? Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main question to be answered by this study was Which factors facilitate and which factors obstruct stable and long-lasting peace in a deeply divided society? I have examined the post-war constitutional design of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the consociational devices built in the Constitution of the country. I have tried to generate new hypothesis on what it takes to create stable peace in a deeply divided society and propose a theoretical alternative through inductive conclusions, based on the empirical research of the Bosnian case as the starting point of this research.

My conclusion is that constitutional devices lead to further division of society, which in fact is an explicit goal of the theory, but expected results (politics of accommodation) are absent. Ten years after signing of The General Framework Agreement for Peace, Bosnia and Herzegovina is still a highly divided society, with no accommodation in sight. I argue that ethnonational balance of power, as prescribed by consociationalism, is an obstructing factor for peacebuilding and, that the facilitating factor for peacebuilding in societies, such as Bosnian, is instead a framework that will lead politics beyond ethnonational way of thinking, a framework that will dissolve the segments and not emphasise them. (Less)
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author
Porobic, Nela
supervisor
organization
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Bosnia and Herzegovina., The Dayton Peace Agreement., Deeply divided society. Consociationalism., Sustainable peace., Political and administrative sciences, Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap
language
English
id
1327862
date added to LUP
2006-02-10
date last changed
2006-02-10
@misc{1327862,
  abstract     = {In this thesis I have discussed the possibility of building a stable and long-lasting peace in a state whose society is considered to be deeply divided ? Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main question to be answered by this study was Which factors facilitate and which factors obstruct stable and long-lasting peace in a deeply divided society? I have examined the post-war constitutional design of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the consociational devices built in the Constitution of the country. I have tried to generate new hypothesis on what it takes to create stable peace in a deeply divided society and propose a theoretical alternative through inductive conclusions, based on the empirical research of the Bosnian case as the starting point of this research.

My conclusion is that constitutional devices lead to further division of society, which in fact is an explicit goal of the theory, but expected results (politics of accommodation) are absent. Ten years after signing of The General Framework Agreement for Peace, Bosnia and Herzegovina is still a highly divided society, with no accommodation in sight. I argue that ethnonational balance of power, as prescribed by consociationalism, is an obstructing factor for peacebuilding and, that the facilitating factor for peacebuilding in societies, such as Bosnian, is instead a framework that will lead politics beyond ethnonational way of thinking, a framework that will dissolve the segments and not emphasise them.},
  author       = {Porobic, Nela},
  keyword      = {Bosnia and Herzegovina.,The Dayton Peace Agreement.,Deeply divided society. Consociationalism.,Sustainable peace.,Political and administrative sciences,Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {(Re)constructing a Deeply Divided Society: Peacebuilding Lessons from Bosnia and Herzegovina},
  year         = {2006},
}