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Same same - but different? - A Comparative Four Case-study of Differences in Modern American Presidents' Personality, Leadership Style and Political Skills, Concerning Management during Crisis

Parada Hernandez, Carolina Elizabeth and Olsson, Gunilla (2005)
Department of Political Science
Abstract
The word crisis is often used in everyday language, but according to political theory it actually refers to a crisis situation within a country where national interests suddenly are at stake demanding that important and complex decisions must be made within certain time constraints. These decisions can in turn lead up to most fatal consequences. USA, being one of the world's superpowers is most certainly involved in crisis situations directly or indirectly, frequently or more seldom. Amounts of people get suddenly involved and even more people can be drawn in by the decisions that are made thereby. Research has shown that the character of a leader affects decision-making. In our bachelor thesis we focus upon studying four crises from the... (More)
The word crisis is often used in everyday language, but according to political theory it actually refers to a crisis situation within a country where national interests suddenly are at stake demanding that important and complex decisions must be made within certain time constraints. These decisions can in turn lead up to most fatal consequences. USA, being one of the world's superpowers is most certainly involved in crisis situations directly or indirectly, frequently or more seldom. Amounts of people get suddenly involved and even more people can be drawn in by the decisions that are made thereby. Research has shown that the character of a leader affects decision-making. In our bachelor thesis we focus upon studying four crises from the point of view that personality, leadership style and political experience of a leader during crisis also must certainly affect decision-making.

To accomplish our aim/purpose we have used material from at first hand secondary literature. We define crisis associated to politics, decision-making in crisis, discuss the four presidents' personality, political experience and leadership style and also describe the four cases of crisis. The thesis is a comparative case study with four cases; The Pearl Harbor attacks 1941, the invasion of Bay of Pigs 1961, the hostage drama in Iran 1979-1981 and the terror attacks 11th of September 2001. The presidents we study have all faced, been forced to act and make decisions in order to stabilise the political turbulence of those four serious crises. The result of the study shows that personality, leadership style and political experience in four so different personalities have affected the decision-making. (Less)
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author
Parada Hernandez, Carolina Elizabeth and Olsson, Gunilla
supervisor
organization
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Crisis, Decision-Making, American presidents, Personality, Leadership Style, Political and administrative sciences, Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap
language
Swedish
id
1327948
date added to LUP
2006-01-08 00:00:00
date last changed
2006-02-10 00:00:00
@misc{1327948,
  abstract     = {The word crisis is often used in everyday language, but according to political theory it actually refers to a crisis situation within a country where national interests suddenly are at stake demanding that important and complex decisions must be made within certain time constraints. These decisions can in turn lead up to most fatal consequences. USA, being one of the world's superpowers is most certainly involved in crisis situations directly or indirectly, frequently or more seldom. Amounts of people get suddenly involved and even more people can be drawn in by the decisions that are made thereby. Research has shown that the character of a leader affects decision-making. In our bachelor thesis we focus upon studying four crises from the point of view that personality, leadership style and political experience of a leader during crisis also must certainly affect decision-making.

To accomplish our aim/purpose we have used material from at first hand secondary literature. We define crisis associated to politics, decision-making in crisis, discuss the four presidents' personality, political experience and leadership style and also describe the four cases of crisis. The thesis is a comparative case study with four cases; The Pearl Harbor attacks 1941, the invasion of Bay of Pigs 1961, the hostage drama in Iran 1979-1981 and the terror attacks 11th of September 2001. The presidents we study have all faced, been forced to act and make decisions in order to stabilise the political turbulence of those four serious crises. The result of the study shows that personality, leadership style and political experience in four so different personalities have affected the decision-making.},
  author       = {Parada Hernandez, Carolina Elizabeth and Olsson, Gunilla},
  keyword      = {Crisis,Decision-Making,American presidents,Personality,Leadership Style,Political and administrative sciences,Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Same same - but different? - A Comparative Four Case-study of Differences in Modern American Presidents' Personality, Leadership Style and Political Skills, Concerning Management during Crisis},
  year         = {2005},
}