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Baskisk identitet - en studie av den baskiska nationalismens förändring.

Josefsson, Maria (2005)
Department of Political Science
Abstract
The aim of this study is to analyze the change of Basque nationalism during the last ten years and discuss how the main nationalist party (PNV) tries to impose "we"- feelings and support for its cause. Theories of nationalism and national identity are used in the analysis.

A textual analysis of PNV:s unofficial documents is discussed and compared with a discourse analysis of its official documents. Although the unofficial documents deal with similar view of basic political/territorial ambitions, language and identification, there are some differences in the latest documents regarding the view of who is defined as Basque and also to the detoriated relation to Spain. Although references are made to the regard that the Basque Country is for... (More)
The aim of this study is to analyze the change of Basque nationalism during the last ten years and discuss how the main nationalist party (PNV) tries to impose "we"- feelings and support for its cause. Theories of nationalism and national identity are used in the analysis.

A textual analysis of PNV:s unofficial documents is discussed and compared with a discourse analysis of its official documents. Although the unofficial documents deal with similar view of basic political/territorial ambitions, language and identification, there are some differences in the latest documents regarding the view of who is defined as Basque and also to the detoriated relation to Spain. Although references are made to the regard that the Basque Country is for everyone, the persistence of emphasizing the uniqueness and myths of the Basque culture signals a different matter. The discourse analysis of the official documents supports this claim and although they contain an ambiguous relation to Spain it is clear that Basque nationalism has been radicalized. Nationalist claims are more outspoken and clearer than before. One example of how Basque nationalism tries to distance itself more and more from Spain is the use of "the Spanish state" instead of the use of, in earlier texts, "the state" when referring to Spain.

In all documents the Basque society is presented as a person in a weak position and it is unclear if the use of "we" refer to the democratic parties, Basque society or Basque nationalists. This unclear use of "we" and "society" is confusing when national identity is presented as something inborn and hereditary and at the same time as a choice that each citizen can make. The agenda of PNV and Basque nationalism has evolved from determinism into an ambiguous standpoint of determinism and voluntarism in order to reach out to all voters. (Less)
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author
Josefsson, Maria
supervisor
organization
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Basque nationalism, Basqueness, national identity, PNV, Political and administrative sciences, Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap
language
Swedish
id
1332950
date added to LUP
2005-11-08 00:00:00
date last changed
2005-11-08 00:00:00
@misc{1332950,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study is to analyze the change of Basque nationalism during the last ten years and discuss how the main nationalist party (PNV) tries to impose "we"- feelings and support for its cause. Theories of nationalism and national identity are used in the analysis.

A textual analysis of PNV:s unofficial documents is discussed and compared with a discourse analysis of its official documents. Although the unofficial documents deal with similar view of basic political/territorial ambitions, language and identification, there are some differences in the latest documents regarding the view of who is defined as Basque and also to the detoriated relation to Spain. Although references are made to the regard that the Basque Country is for everyone, the persistence of emphasizing the uniqueness and myths of the Basque culture signals a different matter. The discourse analysis of the official documents supports this claim and although they contain an ambiguous relation to Spain it is clear that Basque nationalism has been radicalized. Nationalist claims are more outspoken and clearer than before. One example of how Basque nationalism tries to distance itself more and more from Spain is the use of "the Spanish state" instead of the use of, in earlier texts, "the state" when referring to Spain.

In all documents the Basque society is presented as a person in a weak position and it is unclear if the use of "we" refer to the democratic parties, Basque society or Basque nationalists. This unclear use of "we" and "society" is confusing when national identity is presented as something inborn and hereditary and at the same time as a choice that each citizen can make. The agenda of PNV and Basque nationalism has evolved from determinism into an ambiguous standpoint of determinism and voluntarism in order to reach out to all voters.},
  author       = {Josefsson, Maria},
  keyword      = {Basque nationalism,Basqueness,national identity,PNV,Political and administrative sciences,Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Baskisk identitet - en studie av den baskiska nationalismens förändring.},
  year         = {2005},
}