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The Relationship between Economic Development and Female Labor Force Participation within the Framework of U-Shaped Hypothesis: Evidence from Turkey

Cakir, Onur (2008)
Department of Economics
Abstract
This study discusses the effects of economic development on female labor force participation rates in Turkey in 1980-2000 within the framework of U-shaped hypothesis. In addition to the effects of economic development, other determinants of female labor force participation are also analyzed in five different econometric models. Descriptive statistics including time series evidences are exhibited in order to outline the reasons of the differences in female labor force participation rates in Turkey. The effects of economic development, different unemployment patterns, urbanization rate and total fertility rate on female labor force participation are found to be negative. On the other hand, it is found that education and agricultural share in... (More)
This study discusses the effects of economic development on female labor force participation rates in Turkey in 1980-2000 within the framework of U-shaped hypothesis. In addition to the effects of economic development, other determinants of female labor force participation are also analyzed in five different econometric models. Descriptive statistics including time series evidences are exhibited in order to outline the reasons of the differences in female labor force participation rates in Turkey. The effects of economic development, different unemployment patterns, urbanization rate and total fertility rate on female labor force participation are found to be negative. On the other hand, it is found that education and agricultural share in the employment have positive effects on female labor force participation. Female labor force participation rate was 72.0 percent in 1955, 26.6 percent in 2000 percent and 24.4 percent in 2007. Time series evidence proves the existence of considerable slowdown in the decline of female labor force participation rates. Both econometric models and time series evidences suggest that Turkey is still experiencing the downward portion of U-shaped, may be, due to being at the early stages of economic development. Hence, Turkey is expected to lie on the upward portion of U-shaped in the following decades. (Less)
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@misc{1334923,
  abstract     = {This study discusses the effects of economic development on female labor force participation rates in Turkey in 1980-2000 within the framework of U-shaped hypothesis. In addition to the effects of economic development, other determinants of female labor force participation are also analyzed in five different econometric models. Descriptive statistics including time series evidences are exhibited in order to outline the reasons of the differences in female labor force participation rates in Turkey. The effects of economic development, different unemployment patterns, urbanization rate and total fertility rate on female labor force participation are found to be negative. On the other hand, it is found that education and agricultural share in the employment have positive effects on female labor force participation. Female labor force participation rate was 72.0 percent in 1955, 26.6 percent in 2000 percent and 24.4 percent in 2007. Time series evidence proves the existence of considerable slowdown in the decline of female labor force participation rates. Both econometric models and time series evidences suggest that Turkey is still experiencing the downward portion of U-shaped, may be, due to being at the early stages of economic development. Hence, Turkey is expected to lie on the upward portion of U-shaped in the following decades.},
  author       = {Cakir, Onur},
  keyword      = {economic development,Turkey,Female labor force participation,fixed effects model,U-shaped hypothesis,Economics, econometrics, economic theory, economic systems, economic policy,Nationalekonomi, ekonometri, ekonomisk teori, ekonomiska system, ekonomisk politik},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Relationship between Economic Development and Female Labor Force Participation within the Framework of U-Shaped Hypothesis: Evidence from Turkey},
  year         = {2008},
}