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"Ta så mycket suveränitet ni kan svälja!" En komparativ studie om de facto-staterna Abchazien och Tjetjenien

Lundin, Anna LU (2009) STVK01 20091
Department of Political Science
Abstract (Swedish)
Abkhazia and Chechnya are both examples of de facto-states; that is they both function as independent states but they have no sovereignty as they are stil officialy parts of their parent states Georgia and Russia. They both fought and won wars of independence in the early 90s, but since then their trajectories have taken separate directions. Abkhazia still functions as a de facto-state while Chechnya fought a second war against Russia that they lost, thus their days as a de facto-state are numbered. The aim of this comparative study is to explain this difference in outcomes. To do this I will apply Kolstø's analytical model that examines five factors that sustain de facto-states. These are 1) symbolic nation building; 2) military power; 3)... (More)
Abkhazia and Chechnya are both examples of de facto-states; that is they both function as independent states but they have no sovereignty as they are stil officialy parts of their parent states Georgia and Russia. They both fought and won wars of independence in the early 90s, but since then their trajectories have taken separate directions. Abkhazia still functions as a de facto-state while Chechnya fought a second war against Russia that they lost, thus their days as a de facto-state are numbered. The aim of this comparative study is to explain this difference in outcomes. To do this I will apply Kolstø's analytical model that examines five factors that sustain de facto-states. These are 1) symbolic nation building; 2) military power; 3) the weakness of the parent state; 4) external patron and 5) the role of the international community. I will also examine a factor of my own; 6) democratization.
My conclusion is that Russia is the main reason why the outcome differs in the case Abkhazia as opposed to Chechnya. Russia has enabled Abkhazia's existence as a de facto-state by functioning as an external patron. It has enhanced Abkhazia's military power while also weakening the parent state Georgia. In the case of Chechnya, Russia is a rather strong parent state, deterring potential external patrons. (Less)
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author
Lundin, Anna LU
supervisor
organization
course
STVK01 20091
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
de facto-stater, Abchazien, Tjetjenien, Georgien, Ryssland, separatism
language
Swedish
id
1399192
date added to LUP
2009-06-18 11:12:09
date last changed
2009-06-18 11:12:09
@misc{1399192,
  abstract     = {Abkhazia and Chechnya are both examples of de facto-states; that is they both function as independent states but they have no sovereignty as they are stil officialy parts of their parent states Georgia and Russia. They both fought and won wars of independence in the early 90s, but since then their trajectories have taken separate directions. Abkhazia still functions as a de facto-state while Chechnya fought a second war against Russia that they lost, thus their days as a de facto-state are numbered. The aim of this comparative study is to explain this difference in outcomes. To do this I will apply Kolstø's analytical model that examines five factors that sustain de facto-states. These are 1) symbolic nation building; 2) military power; 3) the weakness of the parent state; 4) external patron and 5) the role of the international community. I will also examine a factor of my own; 6) democratization.
My conclusion is that Russia is the main reason why the outcome differs in the case Abkhazia as opposed to Chechnya. Russia has enabled Abkhazia's existence as a de facto-state by functioning as an external patron. It has enhanced Abkhazia's military power while also weakening the parent state Georgia. In the case of Chechnya, Russia is a rather strong parent state, deterring potential external patrons.},
  author       = {Lundin, Anna},
  keyword      = {de facto-stater,Abchazien,Tjetjenien,Georgien,Ryssland,separatism},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {"Ta så mycket suveränitet ni kan svälja!" En komparativ studie om de facto-staterna Abchazien och Tjetjenien},
  year         = {2009},
}