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Rural Clusters: Promoting Structural Transformation in Armenia

Hovakimyan, Aleksey LU (2009) MIDM70 20091
LUMID International Master programme in applied International Development and Management
Abstract (Swedish)
The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the possibility of application of the cluster based rural development approach in Armenia to promote its structural transformation. Case study was selected as a research methodology, and both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. Analysis of the key findings from the ‘field’, i.e. - the potential cluster, shows that rural households practice a livelihood strategy, that was named here as “minimal production -ensured consumption” strategy. Rural smallholders diversify their livelihoods, but this diversification is of defensive character. Obstacles and local potential for cluster activation were also analyzed, as well as the projection of further developments was provided. From the... (More)
The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the possibility of application of the cluster based rural development approach in Armenia to promote its structural transformation. Case study was selected as a research methodology, and both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. Analysis of the key findings from the ‘field’, i.e. - the potential cluster, shows that rural households practice a livelihood strategy, that was named here as “minimal production -ensured consumption” strategy. Rural smallholders diversify their livelihoods, but this diversification is of defensive character. Obstacles and local potential for cluster activation were also analyzed, as well as the projection of further developments was provided. From the ‘common’ list of constraints this study identified two specific ones that have to be targeted first in the given rural context. Based on the analysis on macro, meso and micro levels, general criteria for rural cluster formation in Armenia have been proposed. Those criteria are not fixed and should/can be amended depended of the specifics of rural areas within the country. As a result, this exploratory case study concludes with a proposition that clusters can be viewed as a way to overcome mini-economy effect in the context of Armenia, so that rural clusters unify separated economic potential in rural areas and promote regional development, which will transform the country’s economy in the long run (structural transformation). (Less)
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author
Hovakimyan, Aleksey LU
supervisor
organization
course
MIDM70 20091
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
rural non-farm economy (RNFE), rural farm economy (RFE), structural transformation, cluster, rural development
language
English
additional info
I would like to express my gratitude to the Swedish Institute (SI) for the MSEE scholarship that gave me a chance to study in Sweden and to SIDA for the field studies grant. I also want to thank all LUMID staff and teachers, especially Agnes and Magnus, and LUMID programme former coordinator Cheryl, for the great professional experience I had during my studies in Lund.
I also thank all people who participated in my research and people and organizations, whose support was essential during my field activities. My gratitude goes to my thesis supervisor Dr. Martin Andersson and my peer colleagues for discussions and valuable comments provided.
Last, but not least, I thank my parents, who have always been supporting when I needed it most.
id
1435986
date added to LUP
2009-08-14 13:25:47
date last changed
2010-05-07 13:14:54
@misc{1435986,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the possibility of application of the cluster based rural development approach in Armenia to promote its structural transformation. Case study was selected as a research methodology, and both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. Analysis of the key findings from the ‘field’, i.e. - the potential cluster, shows that rural households practice a livelihood strategy, that was named here as “minimal production -ensured consumption” strategy. Rural smallholders diversify their livelihoods, but this diversification is of defensive character. Obstacles and local potential for cluster activation were also analyzed, as well as the projection of further developments was provided. From the ‘common’ list of constraints this study identified two specific ones that have to be targeted first in the given rural context. Based on the analysis on macro, meso and micro levels, general criteria for rural cluster formation in Armenia have been proposed. Those criteria are not fixed and should/can be amended depended of the specifics of rural areas within the country. As a result, this exploratory case study concludes with a proposition that clusters can be viewed as a way to overcome mini-economy effect in the context of Armenia, so that rural clusters unify separated economic potential in rural areas and promote regional development, which will transform the country’s economy in the long run (structural transformation).},
  author       = {Hovakimyan, Aleksey},
  keyword      = {rural non-farm economy (RNFE),rural farm economy (RFE),structural transformation,cluster,rural development},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Rural Clusters: Promoting Structural Transformation in Armenia},
  year         = {2009},
}