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Living Standards between 1975 and 2005 in Chocó, Colombia: a demographic approach using four (4) waves of DHSurveys

Palacio Chaverra, Andres (2009)
Department of Economic History
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to measure living standards for the population of Chocó, Colombia, using four waves of the DHSurveys between 1990 and 2005. Recent maternal history allowed the construction of a pooled dataset of 3.055 children and 779 mothers. The concept of living standards is measured as the ability to ensure child and marriage survival subject to short term economic stress, which is expressed by the deviations from the detrended national GDP per head over the last 30 years. The results suggest that living standards measured by child and marriage survival have not improved despite the continuous good years of the national economy. The poor population still experience higher likelihood of dying during good years and it... (More)
The purpose of this paper is to measure living standards for the population of Chocó, Colombia, using four waves of the DHSurveys between 1990 and 2005. Recent maternal history allowed the construction of a pooled dataset of 3.055 children and 779 mothers. The concept of living standards is measured as the ability to ensure child and marriage survival subject to short term economic stress, which is expressed by the deviations from the detrended national GDP per head over the last 30 years. The results suggest that living standards measured by child and marriage survival have not improved despite the continuous good years of the national economy. The poor population still experience higher likelihood of dying during good years and it becomes worst during bad years. It seems there are other socio-economic determinants rather than income to relate to these deaths, but estimates only point out mothers with educational attainments below secondary level and the quality of toilet. In the same line, marriage survival seems to be at risk. As noted before, a declining share of GDP over time will reproduce continuously bad years even in good years for the rest of the economy. Yet, not currently working people will have a lower likelihood of divorce (82% less) than currently working in bad years, the interaction with bad years offsets any attempt to avoid divorce. Likewise, the higher number of children may speed the decision, and migration by the household head may be a response that affects marriage survival. (Less)
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author
Palacio Chaverra, Andres
supervisor
organization
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
living standards, child survival, marriage survival, Social and economic history, Ekonomisk och social historia
language
English
id
1436674
date added to LUP
2009-06-04 00:00:00
date last changed
2010-08-03 10:52:17
@misc{1436674,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this paper is to measure living standards for the population of Chocó, Colombia, using four waves of the DHSurveys between 1990 and 2005. Recent maternal history allowed the construction of a pooled dataset of 3.055 children and 779 mothers. The concept of living standards is measured as the ability to ensure child and marriage survival subject to short term economic stress, which is expressed by the deviations from the detrended national GDP per head over the last 30 years. The results suggest that living standards measured by child and marriage survival have not improved despite the continuous good years of the national economy. The poor population still experience higher likelihood of dying during good years and it becomes worst during bad years. It seems there are other socio-economic determinants rather than income to relate to these deaths, but estimates only point out mothers with educational attainments below secondary level and the quality of toilet. In the same line, marriage survival seems to be at risk. As noted before, a declining share of GDP over time will reproduce continuously bad years even in good years for the rest of the economy. Yet, not currently working people will have a lower likelihood of divorce (82% less) than currently working in bad years, the interaction with bad years offsets any attempt to avoid divorce. Likewise, the higher number of children may speed the decision, and migration by the household head may be a response that affects marriage survival.},
  author       = {Palacio Chaverra, Andres},
  keyword      = {living standards,child survival,marriage survival,Social and economic history,Ekonomisk och social historia},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Living Standards between 1975 and 2005 in Chocó, Colombia: a demographic approach using four (4) waves of DHSurveys},
  year         = {2009},
}